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Study #: 3160

Published: 06/2014

Pages: 335

Full Study Price: US$ 5,300

Per Page Price: US$ 35.00 (text) | 60.00 (table)

Well Stimulation Materials - Industry Market Research, Market Share, Market Size, Sales, Demand Forecast, Market Leaders, Company Profiles, Industry Trends

US demand for well stimulation materials will climb 10.6 percent annually to $15.2 billion in 2018. Efforts to improve well productivity and develop unconventional resources will continue to change the product mix. Proppants are the largest material type but a variety of chemicals and other products will see strong gains. Texas will remain a key market.

This study analyzes the $9.2 billion US well stimulation material industry. It presents historical demand data for 2003, 2008 and 2013, and forecasts for 2018 and 2023 by product (e.g., proppants, base fluid materials, fluid additives) and regional market (Southern, Midwestern, Eastern, Western).

The study also considers market environment factors, reviews technology, evaluates company market shares and profiles 56 industry players, including Fairmount Minerals, CARBO Ceramics and Momentive Specialty Chemicals.

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				    TABLE OF CONTENTS

     SECTION									    PAGE

		INTRODUCTION							     xii

	I.	EXECUTIVE SUMMARY						       1

	II.	MARKET ENVIRONMENT						       4
		General								       4
		Macroeconomic Environment					       6
		Petroleum & Natural Gas Overview				      10
		   Petroleum Outlook						      13
		      Pricing							      16
		      Production						      18
		      Well Completions						      20
		   Natural Gas Outlook						      22
		      Pricing							      25
		      Production						      26
		      Well Completions						      31
		Producing Well Overview						      32
		Well Completion Overview					      34
		Market Volatility						      36
		Stimulation Material Pricing & Product Mix			      39
		Environmental & Regulatory Considerations			      42
		   Federal							      42
		   State & Local						      45
		International Environment					      47

	III.	TECHNOLOGY							      50
		General								      50
		Well Drilling Processes						      52
		   Horizontal Drilling						      53
		   Multilateral Drilling					      55
		Well Completion Processes					      56
		Well Stimulation Processes					      57
		   Hydraulic Fracturing						      58
		      Multistage Fracturing					      61
		      Refracturing						      61
		      Other Fracturing Techniques				      62
		   Acidizing							      62
		   Other Well Stimulation Technologies				      65
		Fracturing Fluids						      66
		   Crosslinked Gel						      67
		   Linear Gel							      69
		   Slickwater							      71
		   Hybrid System						      74
		   Gas-Based Fluids						      76
		   Other Fracturing Fluids					      78
		Acidizing Fluids						      79

	IV.	PRODUCTS							      81
		General								      81
		Proppants							      83
		   Sand								      86
		      Coated							      88
		      Raw							      91
		   Ceramic							      93
		   Other Proppants						      96
		Base Fluid Materials						      98
		   Polymer Gelling Agents					     101
		      Guar Gum							     103
		      Other							     104
		   Acids							     106
		   Industrial Gases						     109
		   Surfactants							     112
		   Friction Reducers						     114
		   Crosslinking Agents						     116
		   Breakers							     118
		   Other Base Fluid Materials					     121
		Fluid Additives							     123
		   Biocides							     126
		   Corrosion & Scale Inhibitors					     128
		   Other Fluid Additives					     130
		Other Well Stimulation Materials				     133

	V.	REGIONS								     136
		General								     136
		   Producing Wells						     140
		   Wells Completed						     143
		   Well Stimulation Material Regional Demand			     145
		Southern Region							     147
		   Oil & Gas Well Overview					     148
		      Producing Wells						     148
		      Wells Completed						     150
		   Well Stimulation Material Demand				     151
		      Texas							     154
		      Louisiana							     158
		      Arkansas							     160
		      Other							     162
		Midwestern Region						     164
		   Oil & Gas Well Overview					     165
		      Producing Wells						     165
		      Wells Completed						     167
		   Well Stimulation Material Demand				     169
		      North Dakota						     172
		      Oklahoma							     174
		      Ohio							     176
		      Other							     178
		Eastern Region							     180
		   Oil & Gas Well Overview					     181
		      Producing Wells						     181
		      Wells Completed						     182
		   Well Stimulation Material Demand				     184
		      Pennsylvania						     186
		      West Virginia						     188
		      Other							     190
		Western Region							     192
		   Oil & Gas Well Overview					     192
		      Producing Wells						     193
		      Wells Completed						     195
		   Well Stimulation Material Demand				     197
		      Colorado							     200
		      Wyoming							     202
		      Other							     204

	VI.	INDUSTRY STRUCTURE						     207
		General								     207
		Market Share							     210
		   Proppants							     211
		   Chemicals & Gases Market Share				     216
		Marketing & Distribution					     220
		Cooperative Agreements						     222
		Acquisitions & Divestitures					     225
		Research & Development						     229
		Company Profiles						     231
		   Adomite, see Ecolab
		   Air Liquide Group						     232
		   Air Products and Chemicals Incorporated			     234
		   Akzo Nobel NV						     236
		   Albemarle Corporation					     238
		   Ashland Incorporated						     239
		   Atlas Resin Proppants, see Badger Mining
		   Badger Mining Corporation					     241
		   Baker Hughes Incorporated					     242
		   BASF SE							     245
		   Berkshire Hathaway Incorporated				     247
		   Cadre Material Products LLC					     249
		   CARBO Ceramics Incorporated					     250
		   Champion Technologies, see Ecolab
		   Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LLC			     254
		   Clariant International Limited				     255
		   CorsiTech, see Ecolab
		   D&I Silica, see Hi-Crush Partners
		   Dorf Ketal Chemicals India Private Limited			     257
		   Dow Chemical Company						     258
		   Drilling Specialties, see Chevron Phillips Chemical
		   DuPont (EI) de Nemours					     261
		   Ecolab Incorporated						     263
		   Economy Polymers & Chemicals					     266
		   Elementis plc						     267
		   EPCO Carbon Dioxide Products, see Air Products 
		      and Chemicals
		   Erna Frac Sand LC						     269
		   Fairmount Minerals Limited					     270
		   Ferus Incorporated						     273
		   flexFrac Proppant Sand Suppliers LLC				     274
		   FMC Corporation						     275
		   Fores Limited						     276
		   Frac-Chem, see Koch Industries
		   FTS International Services LLC				     277
		   Georgia-Pacific Chemicals, see Koch Industries
		   Halliburton Company						     279
		   Hi-Crush Partners LP						     282
		   Imerys SA							     284
		   Kemira Oyj							     286
		   Kinder Morgan Energy Partners LP				     287
		   Koch Industries Incorporated					     290
		   Linde Group							     292
		   Lonza Group Limited						     293
		   Lubrizol, see Berkshire Hathaway
		   M-I SWACO, see Schlumberger
		   Messina Incorporated						     294
		   Mineração Curimbaba Limitada					     296
		   Momentive Performance Materials Holdings LLC			     297
		   Nalco Holding, see Ecolab
		   Nexeo Solutions Holdings LLC					     300
		   Novecare, see Solvay
		   Optiblend Industries, see PfP Industries
		   Oxane Materials Incorporated					     301
		   Pattison Sand Company LLC					     302
		   Permian Mud Service, see Ecolab
		   PeroxyChem LLC						     303
		   PfP Industries LLC						     304
		   Pioneer Natural Resources Company				     305
		   Praxair Incorporated						     307
		   Preferred Sands LLC						     309
		   Premier Silica, see Pioneer Natural Resources
		   Progressive Resources, see Air Liquide Group
		   PyraMax Ceramics, see Imerys
		   Rio Tinto Group						     311
		   Roemex Limited						     312
		   Saint-Gobain							     313
		   Santrol, see Fairmount Minerals
		   Schlumberger Limited						     315
		   SCR-Sibelco NV						     318
		   Sierra Frac Sand LLC						     320
		   Solvay SA							     321
		   Superior Silica Sands LLC					     323
		   Texas Silica LLC						     324
		   Unimin, see SCR-Sibelco
		   US Borax, see Rio Tinto Group
		   US Silica Holdings Incorporated				     325
		   Weatherford International Limited				     327
		Other Companies Mentioned in Study				     329


				      LIST OF TABLES

    TABLE NUMBER								    PAGE


		SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
		Summary Table							       3

		SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
	1	Macroeconomic Indicators					      10
	2	Petroleum & Natural Gas Supply & Demand				      13
	3	Petroleum Supply & Demand					      15
	4	Petroleum Production & Producing Wells				      19
	5	Natural Gas Supply & Demand					      24
	6	Natural Gas Production & Producing Wells			      28
	7	Producing Wells by Type & Formation				      34
	8	Well Completions by Type & Formation				      36
	9	Well Stimulation Material Market, 2003-2013			      38
	10	Prices for Selected Well Stimulation Materials			      41

		SECTION IV -- PRODUCTS
	1	Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type			      82
	2	Proppant Demand by Type						      85
	3	Sand Proppant Demand by Type					      88
	4	Coated Sand Proppant Demand					      90
	5	Raw Sand Proppant Demand					      93
	6	Ceramic Proppant Demand						      96
	7	Other Proppant Demand						      98
	8	Base Fluid Material Demand by Type				     100
	9	Polymer Gelling Agent Demand by Type				     102
	10	Guar Gum Gelling Agent Demand					     104
	11	Other Polymer Gelling Agent Demand by Type			     106
	12	Acid Demand in Well Stimulation					     108
	13	Industrial Gases Demand by Type					     111
	14	Surfactant Demand in Well Stimulation				     114
	15	Friction Reducer Demand						     116
	16	Crosslinking Agent Demand					     118
	17	Breaker Demand							     121
	18	Other Base Fluid Material Demand by Type			     123
	19	Fluid Additive Demand by Type					     125
	20	Biocide Demand in Well Stimulation				     128
	21	Corrosion & Scale Inhibitor Demand in Well Stimulation		     130
	22	Other Fluid Additive Demand by Type				     132
	23	Other Well Stimulation Material Demand				     135

		SECTION V -- REGIONS
	1	Oil & Gas Producing States by Region				     140
	2	Producing Wells by Region					     142
	3	Wells Completed by Region					     144
	4	Well Stimulation Material Demand by Region			     146
	5	Southern Region:  Producing Wells by Type, Formation, 
		   & State							     149
	6	Southern Region:  Wells Completed by Type, Formation, 
		   & State							     151
	7	Southern Region:  Well Stimulation Material Demand 
		   by Type & State						     153
	8	Texas:  Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type		     158
	9	Louisiana:  Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type		     160
	10	Arkansas:  Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type		     162
	11	Other Southern States:  Well Stimulation Material Demand 
		   by Type							     164
	12	Midwestern Region:  Producing Wells by Type, Formation, 
		   & State							     167
	13	Midwestern Region:  Wells Completed by Type, Formation, 
		   & State							     169
	14	Midwestern Region:  Well Stimulation Material Demand 
		   by Type & State						     171
	15	North Dakota:  Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type		     174
	16	Oklahoma:  Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type		     176
	17	Ohio:  Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type			     178
	18	Other Midwestern States:  Well Stimulation Material Demand 
		   by Type							     180
	19	Eastern Region:  Producing Wells by Type, Formation, 
		   & State							     182
	20	Eastern Region:  Wells Completed by Type, Formation, 
		   & State							     184
	21	Eastern Region:  Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type 
		   & State							     185
	22	Pennsylvania:  Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type		     188
	23	West Virginia:  Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type	     190
	24	Other Eastern States:  Well Stimulation Material Demand		     191
	25	Western Region:  Producing Wells by Type, Formation, 
		   & State							     195
	26	Western Region:  Completed Wells by Type, Formation, 
		   & State							     197
	27	Western Region:  Well Stimulation Material Demand 
		   by Type & State						     199
	28	Colorado:  Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type		     202
	29	Wyoming:  Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type		     204
	30	Other Western Areas:  Well Stimulation Material Demand 
		   by Type							     206

		SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
	1	US Well Stimulation Material Sales by Company, 2013		     209
	2	Selected Cooperative Agreements					     224
	3	Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures				     227

 
				      LIST OF CHARTS

    CHART NUMBER								    PAGE

SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

		SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
	1	US Petroleum Consumption, 2003-2013				      16
	2	Crude Oil Prices, 2003-2013					      18
	3	US Petroleum Production, 2003-2013				      20
	4	Petroleum Well Completions, 2003-2013				      22
	5	US Natural Gas Consumption, 2003-2013				      24
	6	Natural Gas Prices, 2003-2013					      26
	7	US Natural Gas Production, 2003-2013				      29
	8	Natural Gas Producing States, 2013				      30
	9	Natural Gas Well Completions, 2003-2013				      32
	10	Well Stimulation Material Market, 2003-2013			      39
	11	World Well Stimulation Material Demand, 2013			      49

		SECTION III -- TECHNOLOGY
	1	Drilling Rigs by Type, 2003-2013				      55

		SECTION IV -- PRODUCTS
	1	Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type, 2013			      83
	2	Proppant Demand by Type, 2013					      86
	3	Base Fluid Material Demand by Type, 2013			     101
	4	Fluid Additive Demand by Type, 2013				     126

		SECTION V -- REGIONS
	1	Producing Wells by Region, 2013					     143
	2	Wells Completed by Region, 2013					     145
	3	Well Stimulation Material Demand by Region, 2013		     147
	4	Southern Region:  Well Stimulation Material Demand 
		   by State, 2013						     154
	5	Midwestern Region:  Well Stimulation Material Demand 
		   by State, 2013						     172
	6	Eastern Region:  Well Stimulation Material Demand 
		   by State, 2013						     186
	7	Western Region:  Well Stimulation Material Demand 
		   by State, 2013						     200

		SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
	1	US Well Stimulation Material Market Share, 2013			     210
	2	Proppant Market Share, 2013					     212
	3	Chemicals & Gases Market Share, 2013				     217




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