US & Global Economic Impact Analysis and Forecasts

Freedonia analysts and economists are sharing their insights on how major events are impacting different parts of the US and global economies.

What Exactly is “Essential”?

As the COVID-19 crisis continues, state governors are beginning to mandate broad closures of private “non-essential” workplaces. Businesses such as grocery stores and pharmacies are obviously considered necessary to operate and are exempt.  But beyond that, how do you determine what businesses are “essential”?

This week, the American Chemistry Council penned a letter arguing that chemical and plastics manufacturing is an essential business that needs to be maintained throughout the crisis. While this seems questionable on its face, the group has a point – cleaning products and hand sanitizers are products of chemical manufacturing, and plastic materials are used in all sorts of essential medical products.

Additionally, others – like the steel industry – are making the case that manufacturing that would be difficult or costly to restart should be deemed essential. Still, some firms are voluntarily closing when a staff member is found to be infected.

This just goes to show the definition of “essential” is extremely hard to parse, given the interconnectedness of the economy and daily life. But one thing we can hopefully all agree on – despite all the time we are spending at home now, video game retailers are definitely not essential. Sorry, GameStop.

For more information, see The Freedonia Group’s extensive off-the-shelf industry coverage. Freedonia Custom Research is also available for questions requiring tailored market intelligence.