US & Global Economic Impact Analysis and Forecasts

Freedonia analysts and economists are sharing their insights on how major events are impacting different parts of the US and global economies.

Supply Chain Challenges

Conditions in 2019 and 2020 – from the trade wars and various tariffs applied globally to COVID-19-related workforce reductions, production stoppages, and border closures – have put international supply chains front and center.

30% of companies report considering changes to their supply chains, starting with short-term alternative sourcing options and moving on to relocations, onshoring, supplier diversification, and other more long-term ideas.

The longer the coronavirus crisis lasts, the more companies are likely to consider changes, big and small. The trade war with China got the ball rolling; the coronavirus will provide additional incentives to make adjustments.

For more information, see The Freedonia Group’s catalog of global reports covering machinery and heavy equipment industries. Freedonia Custom Research is also available for questions requiring tailored market intelligence.

  Covid-19      Machinery & Equipment    

Chinese Agricultural Drone Company Is Repurposing its Products to Combat the Spread of COVID-19

XAG, a manufacturer of agricultural robots and drones, has pledged 5 million yuan and has repurposed some of its products to fight the spread of COVID-19 in China. The fund will be used to support the nearly 400 professional operators of XAG drones who have joined the disinfection operation.

Drones provide a number of unique advantages when used for human disinfection, including reducing the risk to operators by limiting the potential for exposure to COVID-19 and disinfecting a wider area more accurately and in less time.

XAG’s drones are particularly well suited for disinfecting rural areas – which present little obstruction – but densely populated urban areas are a challenge for UAVs to operate in effectively. In urban areas, XAG’s R80 robotic utility vehicle proves more effective; it can more easily traverse and disinfect urban terrain than drones, and has successfully demonstrated that it can operate both in and out of buildings.

While still in a limited testing phase, XAG’s demonstrations show that the use of automated vehicles can efficiently provide both air and ground coverage while limiting human exposure to COVID-19.

Creative adaptation of existing equipment and technologies will help businesses thrive as problem solvers in this volatile time.

For more information, see The Freedonia Group’s Global Agricultural Equipment.

  Covid-19      Machinery & Equipment    

Indoor Air Quality: HVAC Systems & the Coronavirus

March 5, 2020 - The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHARE) has published resources on how building HVAC systems can properly combat airborne infectious diseases, including a dedicated webpage that provides proactive guidelines for building industry professionals concerned about COVID-19. 

Keeping indoor air quality high and having proper air circulation and ventilation are extremely important in reducing a person’s risk of contracting viruses like COVID-19, especially in high-risk areas like healthcare facilities. ASHARE recommends a two-step approach: exhausting air out of the building, and cleaning air within the building with filters and by circulating clean air from outside.

Filtering air, however, is not by itself an effective in reducing the transmission of COVID-19. Many commonly used air filters, such as many types of HEPA filters, are only rated to capture particles 0.3 microns or larger. Coronaviruses, on average, are 0.1 microns in size and may not be captured by an air filtration system. To be effective, any system that incorporates filtration fine enough to capture such small particles will still require additional power to overcome the pressure drop involved in pushing air through smaller pore sizes and to be designed so that air does not leak past the filter.

Furthermore, the virus will continue to live on the surface of the filter for a time, so extra care must be taken by those changing the filters. Which all comes back to the core recommendation: wash your hands often, and do not touch your face!

For further information, see Freedonia’s reports HVAC Equipment, Global HVAC Equipment, Global Filters, and Consumer Air Treatment Systems in the US.

  Covid-19      Machinery & Equipment