US & Global Economic Impact Analysis and Forecasts

Freedonia analysts and economists are sharing their insights on how major events are impacting different parts of the US and global economies.

… And Not Enough: Products Can’t Be Produced If Even One Ingredient or Component is Missing

A lot has been made recently of the supply chain challenges and rapidly shifting demand trends messing with ordering as suppliers and retailers hope have enough, but not too much on hand. Well, in some cases, the outcome ended up being…not enough.

Companies across the economy are finding that they have to limit production in key areas, discontinue brand lines, or close factories either temporarily or permanently. A key example from the last few years has been automobile production facilities idled or with stocks of mostly completed cars on their lot which they can’t ship until they receive that missing part or component. Suppliers can’t sell a product if one ingredient, part, or component is missing:

Sometimes, suppliers can find a new source for that missing part or can find an alternative and keep things moving. But sometimes, they can’t. Here are a few recent examples:

  • Pregis announced it would be closing a Kentucky-based plant that made polypropylene sheet foam and eliminate that Microfoam brand product for lack of a key ingredient when no suitable alternative could be found. Microfoam sheets were primarily used for protective packaging applications.
  • Packaged food companies – including giants like General Mills, Hostess, Conagra, Beyond Meat, and Mondelez – have been feeling the pressure from supply chain challenges, especially for cooking oils (particularly sunflower oil) and wheat. These companies have reported difficulties in reaching production targets and fulfilling orders. In some cases, other ingredient options exist, but in other cases, the key ingredients must be rationed among the best selling or most profitable items and new releases are delayed.
  • Lack of replacement parts needed to maintain aircraft at keeping planes grounded. Lack of pilots, flight crew, maintenance staff, baggage handlers and more aren’t the only problems airlines are dealing with to keep flights running and on time.  

Freedonia analysts continue to watch factors such as stock levels, shifts in consumer demands, evolutions in supply chains, and inflationary trends for direct and indirect effects throughout the economy.

For more information and discussion of opportunities, see The Freedonia Group’s extensive collection of off-the-shelf research, especially coverage in Construction & Building Products, Consumer Goods markets, and Automotive & Transport industries, as well as Food & Beverage coverage from our sister publisher Packaged Facts. Freedonia Custom Research is also available for questions requiring tailored market intelligence.

  Food & Beverage    

Too Much…: Overstocks Challenge the Economy

A lot has been made recently of the supply chain challenges and rapidly shifting demand trends messing with ordering as suppliers and retailers hope to have enough, but not too much, on hand. In some cases, too much is exactly what happened.

Some retailers found that the long-awaited grills, camping equipment, bicycles, home office chairs, small specialty cooking appliances, portable pools, and other items that were red-hot in the early days of the pandemic finally arrived from that literal slow boat from China (and after being stuck in offloading lines at ports) just in time for consumer demand to shift to restaurants, travel, and other “post-pandemic” dreams. 

Even if suppliers and retailers could see the shift in consumer demand coming, would it have been fast enough to change these earlier orders? Not likely.

But what to do with stocks that are now not the must-have items:

  • Warehouse for next season. However, warehouse space is at a premium right now and costs of goods being delivered are high given still elevated shipping prices. Will it be worth it to store the products?
  • Sell it at a discount now. In an inflation-era, deals still abound. But do consumers want or still need it, regardless of the price? And what do these discounts do to consumer pricing expectations going forward?
  • Let liquidation companies take it on. This lets suppliers and retailers take some guaranteed money now, cutting their losses at a defined point rather than potentially extended time line where costs could keep rising. It also helps protect against consumers coming to expect deep discounts on a routine basis for brands that would likely prefer to keep some premium perceptions among consumers.

Freedonia analysts continue to watch factors such as stock levels, shifts in consumer demands, evolutions in supply chains, and inflationary trends for direct and indirect effects throughout the economy.

For more information and discussion of opportunities, see The Freedonia Group’s extensive collection of off-the-shelf research, especially coverage in the Consumer Goods markets and Packaging industries. Freedonia Custom Research is also available for questions requiring tailored market intelligence.

  Consumer Goods      Custom Research      Packaging    

Return to the Office?

Much was made this week of Elon Musk demanding Tesla workers to either return to the office at least 40 hours per week or resign.

While some companies are increasing the expectations that their workers be in the office more frequently, this isn’t a trend that holds everywhere. Especially in metropolitan areas famous for long commute times.

This week, the Wall Street Journal reported that there was a high correlation between long average commute times and reductions in office occupancy. “Eight of the 10 major cities with the biggest drop in office occupancy during the pandemic had an average one-way commute of more than 30 minutes in 2019. Meanwhile, six of the 10 cities with the smallest drop in office occupancy have average commutes of less than 30 minutes.”

But why are there long commutes in the first place?

First, there are the factors that drove workers to live further away from city centers, including:

  • lack of housing, especially affordable housing, close to where the jobs
  • seeking out better schools
  • desire for more green space
  • concerns about urban crime

But we can’t ignore the fact that transportation infrastructure hasn’t kept up with changes in demographics and commuting patterns.

As employees who could work from home during the pandemic did so, they learned that they could do their work just as well from home. Some even moved further away from city centers to get more space for a home office and/or more outdoor space.  While many missed the camaraderie of lunches with co-workers and chats around the coffee pot, they discovered that the absence of a long commute returned time to their day. The daily grind of the commute was more tradition than necessity.

What might come of this?

  • More companies may open satellite meeting or work spaces closer to where their employees live.
  • If more funding can be provided, transportation infrastructure – from roads to public transit – can be improved to shrink commute times.
  • Excess office space can be converted to residential space to allow more workers to live closer to urban work spaces.

These longer-term possible developments would allow the creation of more balanced neighborhoods.

Freedonia analysts will continue to watch these trends to see how remote-work, return-to-work, and urban and suburban office adjustments change not only construction activity, and where service business locate and how they operate, but also how we live in general.

For more information and discussion of opportunities, see The Freedonia Group’s extensive collection of off-the-shelf research, especially coverage in Construction & Building Products, Consumer Goods markets, and Automotive & Transport industries. Freedonia Custom Research is also available for questions requiring tailored market intelligence.

  Custom Research      Industry Studies    

Rising Prices Are Another Reason for Out-of-Stocks at Grocery Retailers

Grocers are pushing back against food suppliers over rising prices.

Some grocers are refusing to stock goods if the food suppliers can't justify their price increases, won't negotiate, or won't delay price increases...especially if they have a similar item (e.g., another brand, same product in a different package size, fresh v. frozen) that is selling well.

This is expected to have an effect on product assortment at your local grocery store. There will likely be fewer new products, more store brands, possibly fewer specialty items, and different cuts/types of meat, among other effects.

Even if the negotiations with food suppliers don’t result in lower prices, it's good press for the grocers to be able to tell their shoppers they are fighting for them.

On the other side of the coin, food suppliers know they have to watch out for customers who might find alternatives and start switching which products they buy. While they have to guard against loss of profit margins, it's expensive to win back a customer after they have developed new shopping habits.

Our expectation is that this trend is not limited to food and will also be happening – where it isn’t already – in other markets and industries hit harder by inflation. More companies are pushing back (where they have the power) and seeking alternatives.

For more information and discussion of opportunities, see The Freedonia Group’s extensive collection of off-the-shelf research, especially coverage in the Consumer Goods markets, Packaging industries, and Automotive & Transport industries, as well as Food & Beverage coverage from our sister publisher Packaged Facts. Freedonia Custom Research is also available for questions requiring tailored market intelligence.

  Consumer Goods      Custom Research      Food & Beverage    

Trouble For Ultrafast & On-Demand Delivery

In the past week, there has been a flurry of announcements of cut-backs, closures, and staff reductions from delivery firms, particularly the ultrafast, on-demand delivery service providers.

The home delivery industry more broadly has seen its share of innovations, developments, and growing pains… but what’s going on now?

  • A tight labor market and rising labor costs are making it hard for delivery companies of all stripes to find the workers they need at a cost that allows them to keep prices at a level consumers will accept.
  • Rising grocery costs are leading consumers to think twice about convenience spending for delivery services.
  • Supply chain troubles are making it harder for on-demand delivery firms to ensure that they will have what a customer needs when stocks are low and out-of-stocks are common.
  • More grocery stores have developed their own in-house delivery services, including Walmart’s in-home delivery option.
  • Curbside pickup operations have matured to function better and more seamlessly, with a greater number of pickup times run more efficiently to accommodate more customers with less waiting.
  • More consumers are willing to venture out and do their own grocery shopping as pandemic fatigue is rampant despite ongoing high infection rates.
  • Getting enough early state funding is problematic for some, particularly as a few on-demand service providers relied on investments from Russia.

Still, there are opportunities as better established delivery firms expand beyond an initial grocery or foodservice scope. The more broad use of predictable subscription orders will also add efficiencies. Technological improvements from electric vehicles to AI-assisted ordering and drone delivery (for small orders anyway) will allow for cost reductions and greater efficiencies in more areas.

The delivery industry will continue to innovate and Freedonia analysts will continue to watch trends for additional opportunities.

For more information and discussion of opportunities, see The Freedonia Group’s extensive collection of off-the-shelf research, especially coverage in the Consumer Goods markets, Packaging industries, and Automotive & Transport industries, as well as Food & Beverage coverage from our sister publisher Packaged Facts. Freedonia Custom Research is also available for questions requiring tailored market intelligence.

  Consumer Goods      Food & Beverage