Pipe Products & Markets

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Pipe

Through 2026, demand for pipe products in the US is forecast to increase 2.2% per year to $57.9 billion, equivalent to 12.9 billion linear feet. Growth in value terms is projected to decelerate significantly due mostly to the expectation that average prices of plastic and metal pipe will moderate going forward. However, volume gains will be driven by:

  • a rebound in oil and gas drilling activity
  • increasing water and sewer construction
  • healthy growth in transportation equipment manufacturing
  • rising production of air conditioners and refrigerators, particularly larger and higher end models that require more tubing

Major Spike in PVC, Steel, & Copper Prices in 2021 Leads to Record Year in Value Terms

In 2021, average prices of PVC, steel, and copper pipe spiked 38%, 48%, and 49%, respectively. The significant increase in prices was due to a number of factors including:

  • major increases in raw material prices, as inflation reaches the highest levels in the US in over 40 years
  • significant supply chain issues and shortages

These price increases led to a massive spike in value demand in 2021 that was boosted by a return to growth in pipe usage. In linear feet terms, demand accelerated from a nearly flat 2020, as the oil and gas drilling, industrial processing, and structural and mechanical markets rebounded due to rising gas prices and increasing durable goods production.

Oil & Gas Market Rebound to Support Growth

The oil and gas market is expected to be the fastest growing pipe market, supported by a significant rebound in the number of wells drilled in the US as oil and natural gas prices increase from very low levels in 2020 and early 2021. Oil and gas drilling activity has increased significantly in 2022, as international production has not been able to keep up with demand and sanctions against Russia have limited the supply of available oil, causing prices to increase at a rapid pace.

HDPE & PEX Continue to Gain Market Share

Demand for HDPE and PEX pipe is expected to grow rapidly due to a number of performance advantages enabled by the flexibility of these materials. HDPE will find the greatest sales opportunities in the storm and sanitary sewer market, while PEX will continue to gain share in potable water distribution:

  • HDPE’s flexibility makes it well suited for trenchless installation methods such as slip lining and horizontal directional drilling.
  • PEX’s flexibility also facilitates installation in the water distribution market, as it can be bent around obstacles and cut easily.
  • Pipe

    Pricing Patterns

    Pipe prices are affected primarily by raw material costs, but are also a function of pipe diameter and thickness. As a result, the price per foot can be markedly different from the price per pound for a given pipe material depending on the diameter of pipe used:

    • The four pipe materials with the lowest per pound cost – concrete, clay, ductile iron, and steel – have the highest per foot costs, simply because they tend to be produced in larger diameters.
    • Conversely, copper and other nonferrous pipe is mostly used in small diameters, so it has higher per pound costs but lower per foot costs.

    The size of the US pipe industry skyrocketed in value terms in 2021, primarily due to spikes in the costs of many raw materials integral to production. Some of the largest of these price increases were seen in PVC, steel, and copper pipe. In 2021, average prices of PVC, steel, and copper pipe increased 38%, 48%, and 49%, respectively:

    • PVC price increases were fueled by a residential construction spending boom, as PVC is used in a wide variety of home construction products. Winter storms hitting a major PVC resin supplier in February 2021 further exacerbated shortages and pushed prices upward.
    • Spiking copper pipe prices were caused by a general increase in demand for copper, as well as other factors such as tariffs and the lingering impact of mining closures related to the pandemic.
    • The spike in steel prices were caused by the lingering effects of the tariffs imposed on steel during the Trump administration, as well as pent-up demand in the manufacturing sector following the COVID-19 lockdowns.

    Through 2026, the average price for pipe measured in dollars per linear foot is forecast to decrease slightly, as pricing for metal pipe and some types of plastic pipe are expected to return closer to their historical averages following a major spike in 2021.

    Metal pipe price growth will also be checked by the efforts of domestic manufacturers to absorb price increases to maintain market share in the face of strong competition from less costly plastic pipe. In addition, virgin copper and ductile iron price hikes will continue to be tempered by competition from scrap.

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Purchase Pipe Products & Markets by the Section

  1. Pipe Products & Markets

    $5,900.00

    1. 1 Executive Summary

      $323.00

      1. Figure 1-1 US Pipe Products & Markets

    2. 2 COVID-19 Pandemic

      $856.00

      1. 2.1 Overview

        $323.00

      2. 2.2 Impact on the Economy

        $323.00

        1. Table | Macroeconomic Indicators, 2019 - 2023

        2. Figure 2-1 Real GDP by Economic Sector, 2020 - 2023

      3. 2.3 Impact on the Construction Industry

        $323.00

        1. Table | Construction Expenditures, 2019 - 2023

      4. 2.4 Impact on the Pipe Industry

        $323.00

        1. Table | Annual Pipe Demand by Market, 2019 - 2022

        2. Table | Annual Pipe Demand by Material, 2019 - 2022

        3. Figure 2-2 Pipe Length Demand by Market, 2019 - 2022

      5. 2.5 Impact of Pipe Price Inflation

        $323.00

        1. Figure 2-3 US Pipe Market Volume Growth vs. Price Volatility, 2019 - 2022

    3. 3 Overview

      $1,559.00

      1. 3.1 Study Scope

        $323.00

        1. Figure 3-1 Pipe: Product Examples

      2. 3.2 Historical Trends

        $323.00

        1. Table | Pipe Demand, 2011 - 2021

        2. Figure 3-2 Pipe Demand, 2001 - 2021

      3. 3.3 Supply & Demand

        $323.00

        1. Table | Pipe Supply & Demand, 2011 - 2031

      4. 3.4 Foreign Trade & Impact of Tariffs

        $323.00

        1. Figure 3-3 US Pipe Imports: Share by Source & Material, 2021

        2. Figure 3-4 US Pipe Exports: Share by Destination & Material, 2021

      5. 3.5 Demand by Market

        $441.00

        1. 3.5.1 Market Value

          $323.00

          1. Table | Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Figure 3-5 Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

        2. 3.5.2 Demand in Linear Feet

          $323.00

          1. Table | Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

        3. 3.5.3 Demand in Pounds

          $323.00

          1. Table | Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

      6. 3.6 Demand by Material

        $403.00

        1. 3.6.1 Market Value

          $323.00

          1. Table | Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

        2. 3.6.2 Demand in Linear Feet

          $323.00

          1. Table | Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

        3. 3.6.3 Demand in Pounds

          $323.00

          1. Table | Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

      7. 3.7 Pricing Patterns

        $323.00

        1. Table | Average Pipe Prices by Material, 2011 - 2031

      8. 3.8 Sustainability Initiatives

        $323.00

        1. 3.8.1 Recycling & Reuse

          $323.00

        2. 3.8.2 Water Conservation Efforts

          $323.00

    4. 4 Structural & Mechanical Pipe

      $886.00

      1. 4.1 Scope & Definitions

        $323.00

      2. 4.2 Factors Impacting Structural & Mechanical Pipe Demand

        $323.00

      3. 4.3 Structural & Mechanical Pipe Demand Outlook

        $323.00

        1. Table | Structural & Mechanical Pipe Demand, 2011 - 2031

      4. 4.4 Demand by Material

        $323.00

        1. Table | Structural & Mechanical Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

      5. 4.5 Plastic Structural & Mechanical Pipe Demand by Resin

        $323.00

        1. Table | Plastic Structural & Mechanical Pipe Demand by Resin, 2011 - 2031

      6. 4.6 Mechanical Pipe

        $323.00

        1. 4.6.1 Demand by Application

          $323.00

          1. Table | Mechanical Pipe Demand by Application, 2011 - 2031

        2. 4.6.2 Refrigeration Equipment, HVAC Equipment, &Appliances

          $323.00

          1. Figure 4-1 Refrigeration Equipment, HVAC Equipment, &Appliance Pipe Demand, 2011 - 2026

        3. 4.6.3 Transportation Equipment

          $323.00

          1. Figure 4-2 Transportation Equipment Pipe Demand, 2011 - 2026

        4. 4.6.4 Other Mechanical Pipe Applications

          $323.00

          1. Figure 4-3 Other Mechanical Pipe Demand, 2011 - 2026

    5. 5 Potable Water Pipe

      $1,283.00

      1. 5.1 Market Scope & Definition

        $323.00

        1. Table | Potable Water Applications & Definitions

      2. 5.2 Potable Water Infrastructure Construction Overview

        $323.00

        1. Figure 5-1 Potable Water Construction Expenditures, 2011 - 2031

      3. 5.3 Potable Water Pipe Demand Outlook

        $323.00

        1. Table | Potable Water Pipe Demand, 2011 - 2031

      4. 5.4 Demand by Material

        $323.00

        1. Table | Potable Water Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

      5. 5.5 Plastic Potable Water Pipe Demand by Resin

        $323.00

        1. Table | Plastic Potable Water Pipe Demand by Resin, 2011 - 2031

      6. 5.6 Applications

        $582.00

        1. 5.6.1 Demand by Application

          $323.00

          1. Table | Potable Water Pipe Demand by Application, 2011 - 2031

        2. 5.6.2 Water Distribution Pipe

          $323.00

          1. Table | Water Distribution Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

        3. 5.6.3 Water Transmission Pipe

          $323.00

          1. Table | Water Transmission Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

        4. 5.6.4 Other Potable Water Pipe (Service & Rural)

          $323.00

          1. Table | Other Potable Water Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

    6. 6 Oil & Gas Pipe

      $1,553.00

      1. 6.1 Market Scope & Definitions

        $323.00

        1. Table | OCTG & Line Pipe Applications & Definitions

      2. 6.2 Factors Impacting Oil & Gas Pipe Demand

        $323.00

        1. 6.2.1 Drilling & Hydraulic Fracturing Activity

          $323.00

          1. Figure 6-1 Annual Oil & Gas Wells Drilled, 2011 - 2021

        2. 6.2.2 Oil & Gas Pipeline Construction

          $323.00

      3. 6.3 Oil & Gas Pipe Demand Outlook

        $323.00

        1. Table | Oil & Natural Gas Pipe Demand, 2011 - 2031

      4. 6.4 Materials

        $399.00

        1. 6.4.1 Demand by Material

          $323.00

          1. Table | Oil & Natural Gas Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

        2. 6.4.2 Plastic Oil & Gas Pipe

          $323.00

          1. Table | Plastic Oil & Natural Gas Pipe Demand by Resin, 2011 - 2031

        3. 6.4.3 Steel OCTG & Line Pipe

          $323.00

          1. Table | Steel Oil & Natural Gas Pipe Demand by Application, 2011 - 2031

      5. 6.5 Applications

        $565.00

        1. 6.5.1 Demand by Application

          $323.00

          1. Table | Oil & Natural Gas Pipe Demand by Application, 2011 - 2031

        2. 6.5.2 Oil & Gas Drilling Pipe

          $323.00

          1. Table | Oil & Gas Drilling Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

        3. 6.5.3 Oil & Gas Transmission Pipe

          $323.00

          1. Table | Oil & Gas Transmission Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

        4. 6.5.4 Natural Gas Distribution Pipe

          $323.00

          1. Table | Natural Gas Distribution Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

      6. 6.6 Oil & Gas Pipe Suppliers

        $323.00

    7. 7 Storm & Sanitary Sewer Pipe

      $1,022.00

      1. 7.1 Market Scope & Definitions

        $323.00

      2. 7.2 Sewer Infrastructure Construction Overview

        $323.00

        1. Figure 7-1 Sewer Construction Expenditures, 2011 - 2031

      3. 7.3 Storm & Sanitary Sewer Pipe Demand Outlook

        $323.00

        1. Table | Storm & Sanitary Sewer Pipe Demand, 2011 - 2031

      4. 7.4 Demand by Material

        $323.00

        1. Table | Storm & Sanitary Sewer Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

      5. 7.5 Plastic Storm & Sewer Pipe Demand by Resin

        $323.00

        1. Table | Plastic Storm & Sanitary Sewer Pipe Demand by Resin, 2011 - 2031

      6. 7.6 Applications

        $444.00

        1. 7.6.1 Demand by Application

          $323.00

          1. Table | Storm & Sanitary Sewer Pipe Demand by Application, 2011 - 2031

        2. 7.6.2 Storm Sewer Pipe

          $323.00

          1. Table | Storm Sewer Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

        3. 7.6.3 Sanitary Sewer Pipe

          $323.00

          1. Table | Sanitary Sewer Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

    8. 8 Conduit Pipe

      $503.00

      1. 8.1 Market Scope & Definitions

        $323.00

      2. 8.2 Telecommunications Construction Overview

        $323.00

        1. Figure 8-1 Telecommunication Construction Expenditures, 2011 - 2031

      3. 8.3 Conduit Pipe Demand Outlook

        $323.00

        1. Table | Conduit Pipe Demand, 2011 - 2031

      4. 8.4 Demand by Material

        $323.00

        1. Table | Conduit Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

      5. 8.5 Plastic Conduit Pipe Demand by Resin

        $323.00

        1. Table | Plastic Conduit Pipe Demand by Resin, 2011 - 2031

    9. 9 Industrial Processing Pipe

      $584.00

      1. 9.1 Market Scope & Definitions

        $323.00

      2. 9.2 Process Manufacturing Outlook

        $323.00

        1. Figure 9-1 Process Manufacturers' Shipments by Type, 2011 - 2031

      3. 9.3 Industrial Processing Pipe Demand Outlook

        $323.00

        1. Table | Industrial Processing Pipe Demand, 2011 - 2031

      4. 9.4 Demand by Material

        $323.00

        1. Table | Industrial Processing Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

      5. 9.5 Plastic Industrial Processing Pipe Demand by Resin

        $323.00

        1. Table | Plastic Industrial Processing Pipe Demand by Resin, 2011 - 2031

    10. 10 Drain, Waste, &Vent (DWV) Pipe

      $587.00

      1. 10.1 Scope & Definitions

        $323.00

      2. 10.2 Building Construction Outlook

        $323.00

        1. Table | Building Construction Expenditures, 2011 - 2031

        2. Figure 10-1 Building Construction Expenditures, 2011 - 2031

      3. 10.3 Drain, Waste, &Vent Pipe Demand Outlook

        $323.00

        1. Table | Drain, Waste, &Vent (DWV) Pipe Demand, 2011 - 2031

      4. 10.4 Demand by Material

        $323.00

        1. Table | Drain, Waste, &Vent Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

      5. 10.5 Plastic Drain, Waste, &Vent Pipe Demand by Resin

        $323.00

        1. Table | Plastic Drain, Waste, &Vent Pipe Demand by Resin, 2011 - 2031

    11. 11 Irrigation Pipe

      $515.00

      1. 11.1 Scope & Definitions

        $323.00

      2. 11.2 Agricultural Industry & Land Usage Trends

        $323.00

        1. Figure 11-1 Cropland Planted, 2011 - 2031

      3. 11.3 Irrigation Pipe Demand Outlook

        $323.00

        1. Table | Irrigation Pipe Demand, 2011 - 2031

      4. 11.4 Demand by Material

        $323.00

        1. Table | Irrigation Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

      5. 11.5 Plastic Irrigation Pipe Demand by Resin

        $323.00

        1. Table | Plastic Irrigation Pipe Demand by Resin, 2011 - 2031

    12. 12 Metal Pipe

      $2,479.00

      1. 12.1 Scope & Definitions

        $323.00

      2. 12.2 Demand by Material

        $323.00

        1. Table | Metal Pipe Demand by Material, 2011 - 2031

      3. 12.3 Steel Pipe

        $745.00

        1. 12.3.1 Supply & Demand

          $323.00

          1. Table | Steel Pipe Supply & Demand, 2011 - 2031

        2. 12.3.2 Demand by Market

          $323.00

          1. Table | Steel Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Figure 12-1 Steel Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

        3. 12.3.3 Steel Pipe Applications, Drivers, &Restraints

          $341.00

          1. Table | Steel Pipe Markets: Major Applications, Drivers, &Restraints

        4. 12.3.4 Market Share

          $323.00

          1. Figure 12-2 Steel Pipe Market Share by Company, 2019

      4. 12.4 Copper Pipe

        $323.00

        1. 12.4.1 Demand by Market

          $323.00

          1. Table | Copper Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Figure 12-3 Copper Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

        2. 12.4.2 Market Share

          $323.00

          1. Figure 12-4 Copper Pipe Market Share by Company, 2021

      5. 12.5 Ductile Iron Pipe

        $323.00

        1. 12.5.1 Demand by Market

          $323.00

          1. Table | Ductile Iron Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Figure 12-5 Ductile Iron Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

        2. 12.5.2 Market Share

          $323.00

          1. Figure 12-6 Ductile Iron Pipe Market Share by Company, 2021

      6. 12.6 Aluminum Pipe

        $641.00

        1. 12.6.1 Demand by Market

          $323.00

          1. Table | Aluminum Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Figure 12-7 Aluminum Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

        2. 12.6.2 Aluminum Pipe Applications, Drivers, &Restraints

          $323.00

          1. Table | Aluminum Pipe Markets: Major Applications, Drivers, &Restraints

        3. 12.6.3 Market Share

          $323.00

          1. Figure 12-8 Aluminum Pipe Market Share by Company, 2021

      7. 12.7 Other Metal Pipe (Titanium, Nickel)

        $323.00

        1. 12.7.1 Demand by Market

          $323.00

          1. Table | Other Nonferrous Metal Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Figure 12-9 Other Nonferrous Metal Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

        2. 12.7.2 Market Share

          $323.00

          1. Figure 12-10 Other Nonferrous Metal Pipe Market Share by Company, 2021

    13. 13 Plastic Pipe

      $3,447.00

      1. 13.1 Scope & Definitions

        $323.00

        1. Figure 13-1 Plastic Pipe: Product Examples

      2. 13.2 Plastic Pipe Applications, Drivers, &Restraints

        $391.00

        1. Table | Plastic Pipe Markets: Major Applications, Drivers, &Restraints

      3. 13.3 Demand by Resin

        $2,772.00

        1. 13.3.1 Demand Overview

          $323.00

          1. Table | Plastic Pipe Demand by Resin, 2011 - 2031

        2. 13.3.2 PVC

          $484.00

          1. Table | PVC Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Table | PVC Pipe: Performance Factors vs. Competitive Materials by Market

        3. 13.3.3 HDPE

          $565.00

          1. Table | HDPE Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Table | HDPE Pipe: Performance Factors vs. Competitive Materials by Market

        4. 13.3.4 PEX

          $323.00

          1. Table | PEX Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Table | PEX Pipe Performance Factors vs. Competitive Materials by Market

        5. 13.3.5 CPVC

          $391.00

          1. Table | CPVC Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Table | CPVC Pipe Performance Factors vs. Competitive Materials by Market

        6. 13.3.6 Fiberglass

          $389.00

          1. Table | Fiberglass Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Table | Fiberglass Pipe: Performance Factors vs. Competitive Materials by Market

        7. 13.3.7 ABS

          $323.00

          1. Table | ABS Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Table | ABS Pipe: Performance Factors vs. Competitive Materials by Market

        8. 13.3.8 Other Resins (Polypropylene, LDPE, &Other)

          $323.00

          1. Table | Other Plastic Pipe Demand by Resin & Market, 2011 - 2031

      4. 13.4 Demand by Market

        $323.00

        1. Table | Plastic Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

        2. Figure 13-2 Plastic Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

      5. 13.5 Market Share

        $323.00

        1. Figure 13-3 Plastic Pipe Market Share by Company, 2021

    14. 14 Concrete & Clay Pipe

      $502.00

      1. 14.1 Concrete

        $323.00

        1. 14.1.1 Scope & Definition

          $323.00

        2. 14.1.2 Demand by Market

          $323.00

          1. Table | Concrete Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Figure 14-1 Concrete Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

        3. 14.1.3 Market Share

          $323.00

          1. Figure 14-2 Concrete Pipe Market Share by Company, 2021

      2. 14.2 Clay

        $323.00

        1. 14.2.1 Scope & Definition

          $323.00

        2. 14.2.2 Demand by Market

          $323.00

          1. Table | Clay Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

          2. Figure 14-3 Clay Pipe Demand by Market, 2011 - 2031

        3. 14.2.3 Market Share

          $323.00

          1. Figure 14-4 Clay Pipe Market Share by Company, 2021

    15. 15 Industry Structure

      $2,055.00

      1. 15.1 Key Findings & Industry Composition

        $660.00

        1. Table | US Pipe Sales by Company, 2021

      2. 15.2 Market Share

        $323.00

        1. Figure 15-1 US Pipe Market Share by Company, 2021

        2. Figure 15-2 Projected US Pipe Market Share by Company, 2022

        3. Figure 15-3 US Pipe Market: Leading Supplier, 2021

        4. Figure 15-4 US Pipe Market: Second Leading Supplier, 2021

        5. Figure 15-5 US Pipe Market: Third Leading Supplier, 2021

        6. Figure 15-6 US Pipe Market: Fourth Leading Supplier, 2021

        7. Figure 15-7 US Pipe Market: Fifth Leading Supplier, 2021

      3. 15.3 Mergers & Acquisitions

        $323.00

        1. Table | Selected Mergers & Acquisitions

      4. 15.4 List of Industry Participants

        $830.00

        1. Table | Selected Industry Participants

    16. 16 Appendix

      $3,294.00

      1. 16.1 Report Details

        $460.00

        1. Table | Relevant Industry Codes

        2. Table | Relevant HS Codes

      2. 16.2 Definitions

        $323.00

      3. 16.3 Abbreviations

        $323.00

        1. Table | Abbreviations & Acronyms Used in Study

      4. 16.4 Freedonia Methodology

        $448.00

      5. 16.5 Study-Specific Methodology

        $323.00

      6. 16.6 Sources

        $323.00

      7. 16.7 Associations & Agencies

        $323.00

      8. 16.8 Related Studies & Reports

        $323.00

      9. 16.9 Macroeconomic Assumptions

        $1,772.00

        1. 16.9.1 Economic Environment

          $323.00

          1. Table | Macroeconomic Indicators, 2011 - 2031

        2. 16.9.2 Demographic Trends

          $323.00

          1. Table | Population & Households, 2011 - 2031

        3. 16.9.3 Building Construction

          $323.00

          1. Table | Building Construction Expenditures, 2011 - 2031

        4. 16.9.4 Residential Building Construction

          $323.00

          1. Table | Residential Building Construction Expenditures, 2011 - 2031

        5. 16.9.5 Residential Improvements & Repairs

          $323.00

          1. Table | Residential Improvement & Repair Expenditures, 2011 - 2031

        6. 16.9.6 Commercial Building Construction

          $323.00

          1. Table | Commercial Building Construction Expenditures, 2011 - 2031

        7. 16.9.7 Commercial Building Improvements & Repairs

          $323.00

          1. Table | Commercial Building Improvement & Repair Expenditures, 2011 - 2031

        8. 16.9.8 Nonbuilding Construction Expenditures

          $755.00

          1. Table | Nonbuilding Construction Expenditures, 2011 - 2031

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