Well Stimulation Materials

As Quoted In Upstream Pumping Solutions

Growth will be driven by continued gains in hydraulic fracturing technology designed to boost well productivity, especially for proppants and the fluids used to deliver them into formation fractures.

US demand to rise 10.2% annually through 2016

US demand for well stimulation materials is projected to increase more than 10 percent annually to nearly $12 billion in 2016. Growth will be sustained by continued advances in hydraulic fracturing technology designed to increase the productivity of both new and existing wells. Ongoing growth in horizontal drilling activity and development of shale resources will boost demand for proppants and the fluids used to deliver them into formation fractures. In the early portion of the forecast period, use in oil well drilling will provide most of the impetus for growth, as oil prices are high by historical standards and natural gas prices are not. However, shale gas development activity was strong in 2009, 2010, and 2011, despite low prices.

Shale gas producers to use more well stimulation

Growth in shale plays has been supported by companies looking to establish a shale gas presence and the desire of existing producers to develop already acquired leases, as well as by hedges on production made when prices were high. Through the forecast period, shale gas producers will continue to embrace innovations such as multiple-well drilling pad systems and advanced hydraulic fracturing materials in order to improve drilling efficiencies and increase per-well output, all of which will benefit well stimulation material demand.

Well stimulation to grow at a decelerating pace

Well stimulation technologies have had a commercial presence for more than 60 years, but for much of that time these techniques were used fairly selectively. A number of factors have combined to transform well stimulation in the US from a niche technology to one of the most common oilfield activities. Technological advances have improved well stimulation techniques to the point that their use -- and cost -- is nearly always justified by increased well productivity. Going forward, gains for well stimulation materials will remain strong, despite some deceleration in growth.

A decade or two ago, most wells drilled in the US were not fractured. That is no longer the case. Moreover, much of the recent growth in demand for well stimulation materials has been attributable to the emergence of horizontal drilling and multistage fracturing. Horizontal drilling allows for greater reservoir contact, and therefore faster and fuller well productivity. Multistage fracturing allows for a larger number of fractures to be created at specific locations within a single wellbore. Where fracturing jobs usually included two or three stages, they can now include up to a few dozen stages. Although it is expected that the number of stages per fracturing job will continue to grow, it is anticipated that this growth will be slower than the pace seen in the past several years.

Study Scope

This study analyzes the $7.4 billion US well stimulation material industry. It presents historical demand data for the years 2001, 2006 and 2011, and forecasts for 2016 and 2021 by product (e.g., proppants, fluid additives, base fluid materials, industrial gases) and regional market (Southern, Midwestern, Eastern, Western).

The study also considers market environment factors, details industry structure, evaluates company market shares and profiles 40 industry players, including CARBO Ceramics, Fairmount Minerals and FTS International.

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Purchase Well Stimulation Materials by the Section

  1. Well Stimulation Materials

    $5,100.00

    1. 1 INTRODUCTION

      $140.00

    2. 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

      $146.00

      1. Table | WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND (million dollars)

    3. 3 MARKET ENVIRONMENT

      $2,544.00

      1. 3.1 General

        $123.00

      2. 3.2 Macroeconomic Environment

        $166.00

        1. Table | MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS (billion 2005 dollars)

      3. 3.3 Petroleum & Natural Gas Overview

        $994.00

        1. Table | US ENERGY PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION BY TYPE (quadrillion Btu)

        2. 3.3.1 Petroleum Outlook

          $445.00

          1. Table | US PETROLEUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (million barrels)

          2. Table | PETROLEUM DRILLING INDICATORS

        3. 3.3.2 Natural Gas Outlook

          $426.00

          1. Table | US NATURAL GAS SUPPLY & DEMAND (trillion cubic feet)

          2. Table | NATURAL GAS DRILLING INDICATORS

      4. 3.4 Well Stimulation Services Outlook

        $137.00

        1. Table | WELL STIMULATION SERVICES

      5. 3.5 Historical Market Trends

        $133.00

        1. Table | WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL MARKET, 2001-2011

      6. 3.6 Pricing & Product Mix

        $117.00

        1. Table | PRICES FOR SELECTED WELL STIMULATION MATERIALS (dollars per pound)

      7. 3.7 Environmental & Regulatory Considerations

        $294.00

        1. 3.7.1 Federal

          $166.00

        2. 3.7.2 State & Local

          $96.00

      8. 3.8 Foreign Trade

        $82.00

      9. 3.9 World Outlook

        $534.00

        1. 3.9.1 World Petroleum & Natural Gas Reserves

          $188.00

          1. Table | WORLD PETROLEUM RESERVES BY COUNTRY, 2011 (billion barrels)

          2. Table | WORLD NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY COUNTRY, 2011 (trillion cubic feet)

        2. 3.9.2 World Petroleum & Natural Gas Production

          $194.00

          1. Table | WORLD PETROLEUM PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2011 (million barrels)

          2. Table | WORLD NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2011 (trillion cubic feet)

        3. 3.9.3 World Well Stimulation Materials Outlook

          $120.00

    4. 4 TECHNOLOGY

      $1,446.00

      1. 4.1 General

        $124.00

      2. 4.2 Well Drilling & Completion

        $347.00

        1. 4.2.1 Horizontal Drilling

          $101.00

        2. 4.2.2 Multilateral Drilling

          $82.00

        3. 4.2.3 Coiled Tubing Drilling

          $82.00

        4. 4.2.4 Underbalanced Drilling

          $82.00

        5. 4.2.5 Well Completion

          $82.00

      3. 4.3 Well Stimulation Technologies

        $644.00

        1. 4.3.1 Hydraulic Fracturing

          $179.00

        2. 4.3.2 Acidizing

          $270.00

        3. 4.3.3 Fracture Acidizing

          $82.00

        4. 4.3.4 Other Well Stimulation Technologies

          $115.00

      4. 4.4 Well Stimulation Fluids

        $331.00

        1. 4.4.1 Fracturing Fluids

          $160.00

        2. 4.4.2 Foamed Fracturing Fluids

          $82.00

        3. 4.4.3 Acidizing Fluids

          $82.00

        4. 4.4.4 Foamed Acidizing Fluids

          $82.00

        5. 4.4.5 Seismology

          $82.00

    5. 5 PRODUCTS

      $3,086.00

      1. 5.1 General

        $151.00

        1. Table | WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE (million dollars)

      2. 5.2 Proppants

        $846.00

        1. Table | PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE (million dollars)

        2. 5.2.1 Sand Proppants

          $312.00

          1. Table | SAND PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE (million dollars)

          2. Table | COATED SAND PROPPANT DEMAND

          3. Table | RAW FRAC SAND PROPPANT DEMAND

        3. 5.2.2 Ceramic Proppants

          $262.00

          1. Table | CERAMIC PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE (million dollars)

          2. Table | CLAY-BASED CERAMIC PROPPANT DEMAND

          3. Table | COATED CERAMIC PROPPANT DEMAND

          4. Table | SINTERED BAUXITE PROPPANT DEMAND

        4. 5.2.3 Other Proppants

          $95.00

          1. Table | OTHER PROPPANT DEMAND

      3. 5.3 Fluid Additives

        $972.00

        1. Table | FLUID ADDITIVE DEMAND BY TYPE (million dollars)

        2. 5.3.1 Breakers

          $356.00

          1. Table | BREAKER DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION BY TYPE (million dollars)

          2. Table | ACID BREAKER DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

          3. Table | OXIDATIVE BREAKER DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

          4. Table | ENZYME BREAKER DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        3. 5.3.2 Friction Reducers

          $90.00

          1. Table | FRICTION REDUCER DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        4. 5.3.3 Nonemulsifiers

          $95.00

          1. Table | NONEMULSIFIER DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        5. 5.3.4 Fluid Loss Control Agents

          $82.00

          1. Table | FLUID LOSS CONTROL AGENT DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        6. 5.3.5 Biocides

          $82.00

          1. Table | BIOCIDE DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        7. 5.3.6 Corrosion Inhibitors

          $82.00

          1. Table | CORROSION INHIBITOR DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        8. 5.3.7 Other

          $135.00

          1. Table | OTHER WELL STIMULATION FLUID ADDITIVE DEMAND

      4. 5.4 Base Fluid Materials

        $782.00

        1. Table | BASE FLUID MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE (million dollars)

        2. 5.4.1 Gelling Agents

          $295.00

          1. Table | GELLING AGENT DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION BY TYPE (million dollars)

          2. Table | GUAR GUM GELLING AGENT DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

          3. Table | SURFACTANT GELLING AGENT DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

          4. Table | OTHER GELLING AGENT DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        3. 5.4.2 Foaming Agents

          $82.00

          1. Table | FOAMING AGENT DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        4. 5.4.3 Crosslinking Agents

          $116.00

          1. Table | CROSSLINKING AGENT DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        5. 5.4.4 Acids

          $178.00

          1. Table | ACID DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION BY TYPE (million dollars)

          2. Table | INORGANIC ACID DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION BY TYPE (million dollars)

          3. Table | ORGANIC ACID DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION BY TYPE (million dollars)

        6. 5.4.5 Other

          $82.00

          1. Table | OTHER BASE FLUID MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE (million dollars)

      5. 5.5 Industrial Gases

        $268.00

        1. Table | INDUSTRIAL GASES DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION (million dollars)

        2. 5.5.1 Nitrogen

          $111.00

          1. Table | NITROGEN DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        3. 5.5.2 Carbon Dioxide

          $94.00

          1. Table | CARBON DIOXIDE DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

      6. 5.6 Other Well Stimulation Materials

        $82.00

        1. Table | OTHER WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND

    6. 6 REGIONS

      $2,154.00

      1. 6.1 General

        $463.00

        1. Table | OIL & GAS PRODUCING STATES BY REGION

        2. 6.1.1 Producing Wells

          $82.00

          1. Table | PRODUCING OIL & GAS WELLS BY REGION (thousand wells)

        3. 6.1.2 Regional Drilling

          $85.00

          1. Table | WELLS DRILLED BY REGION

        4. 6.1.3 Regional Rig Counts

          $82.00

          1. Table | ACTIVE ROTARY RIGS BY REGION

        5. 6.1.4 Well Stimulation Material Regional Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY REGION (million dollars)

      2. 6.2 Southern Region

        $500.00

        1. 6.2.1 Oil & Gas Well Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | SOUTHERN REGION: OIL & GAS WELL OVERVIEW

        2. 6.2.2 Well Stimulation Material Demand

          $421.00

          1. Table | SOUTHERN REGION: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY STATE (million dollars)

      3. 6.3 Midwestern Region

        $464.00

        1. 6.3.1 Oil & Gas Well Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | MIDWESTERN REGION: OIL & GAS WELL OVERVIEW

        2. 6.3.2 Well Stimulation Material Demand

          $394.00

          1. Table | MIDWESTERN REGION: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY STATE (million dollars)

      4. 6.4 Eastern Region

        $280.00

        1. 6.4.1 Oil & Gas Well Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | EASTERN REGION: OIL & GAS WELL OVERVIEW

        2. 6.4.2 Well Stimulation Material Demand

          $215.00

          1. Table | EASTERN REGION: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY STATE (million dollars)

      5. 6.5 Western Region

        $446.00

        1. 6.5.1 Oil & Gas Well Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | WESTERN REGION: OIL & GAS WELL OVERVIEW

        2. 6.5.2 Well Stimulation Material Demand

          $341.00

          1. Table | WESTERN REGION: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY STATE (million dollars)

    7. 7 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

      $4,780.00

      1. 7.1 General

        $177.00

        1. Table | US WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL SALES BY COMPANY, 2011 (million dollars)

      2. 7.2 Market Share

        $273.00

        1. 7.2.1 Proppant Market Share

          $82.00

        2. 7.2.2 Other Market Share

          $82.00

      3. 7.3 Industry Composition & Restructuring

        $101.00

        1. Table | SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES

      4. 7.4 Marketing & Distribution

        $150.00

      5. 7.5 Research & Development

        $93.00

      6. 7.6 Competitive Strategies

        $88.00

      7. 7.7 Company Profiles

        $3,686.00

        1. 7.7.1 Air Products and Chemicals Incorporated

          $88.00

        2. 7.7.2 Akzo Nobel NV

          $82.00

        3. 7.7.3 Albemarle Corporation

          $82.00

        4. 7.7.4 Ashland Incorporated

          $137.00

        5. 7.7.5 Badger Mining Corporation

          $86.00

        6. 7.7.6 Baker Hughes Incorporated

          $148.00

        7. 7.7.7 BASF SE

          $103.00

        8. 7.7.8 Berkshire Hathaway Incorporated

          $82.00

        9. 7.7.9 Canfrac Sands Limited

          $82.00

        10. 7.7.10 CARBO Ceramics Incorporated

          $190.00

        11. 7.7.11 Carmeuse Group SA

          $82.00

        12. 7.7.12 Celanese Corporation

          $82.00

        13. 7.7.13 Champion Technologies Incorporated

          $82.00

        14. 7.7.14 Chemtura Corporation

          $82.00

        15. 7.7.15 Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LLC

          $87.00

        16. 7.7.16 Dow Chemical Company

          $224.00

        17. 7.7.17 DuPont (EI) de Nemours

          $102.00

        18. 7.7.18 Enerchem International Incorporated

          $82.00

        19. 7.7.19 Exxon Mobil Corporation

          $82.00

        20. 7.7.20 Fairmount Minerals Limited

          $175.00

        21. 7.7.21 FMC Corporation

          $82.00

        22. 7.7.22 FTS International LLC

          $170.00

        23. 7.7.23 Gibson Energy ULC

          $82.00

        24. 7.7.24 Halliburton Company

          $159.00

        25. 7.7.25 Huber (JM) Corporation

          $82.00

        26. 7.7.26 Imerys SA

          $82.00

        27. 7.7.27 Kinder Morgan Energy Partners LP

          $140.00

        28. 7.7.28 Mineraçao Curimbaba Limitada

          $82.00

        29. 7.7.29 Momentive Performance Materials Holdings LLC

          $144.00

        30. 7.7.30 Nexeo Solutions LLC

          $82.00

        31. 7.7.31 Olin Corporation

          $82.00

        32. 7.7.32 Plastics Engineering Company

          $82.00

        33. 7.7.33 Praxair Incorporated

          $82.00

        34. 7.7.34 Preferred Sands LLC

          $82.00

        35. 7.7.35 Rio Tinto Group

          $82.00

        36. 7.7.36 Saint-Gobain

          $110.00

        37. 7.7.37 Schlumberger Limited

          $199.00

        38. 7.7.38 SCR-Sibelco NV

          $82.00

        39. 7.7.39 Solvay SA

          $114.00

        40. 7.7.40 US Silica Company

          $82.00

      8. 7.8 Other Companies Mentioned in Study

        $213.00

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