World Gears

Demand will be driven by growing motor vehicle and durable goods output, and by a shift toward more costly, energy-efficient units, such as 7- and 8-speed automatic transmissions, in the automotive market.

World demand to rise 6% annually through 2019

Worldwide demand for gears is projected to rise 6.0 percent per annum through 2019 to $221 billion, driven by healthy advances in motor vehicle and other durable goods output. In the automotive market, a shift toward more expensive, energy-efficient units, such as seven- and eight-speed automatic transmissions, will contribute to value gains. Additionally, sales of gears used in a number of relatively small but fast-growing applications, such as wind and solar power, are expected to increase significantly.

China to account for nearly two-fifths of all growth

Gear demand will expand the fastest in China and other industrializing nations, where the production of motor vehicles, motorcycles, and other durable goods is expected to post the strongest increases. This will result in additional investment in new manufacturing capacity and a sharp increase in related gear sales in the Asia/Pacific region, the Africa/Mideast region, Central and South America, and Eastern Europe. China alone is projected to account for nearly two-fifths of all market growth through 2019. In addition, in industrializing countries both small and large manufacturers of gear-using products are expected to increase their use of more expensive, higher-end gears, which will further boost market value gains.

Large, mature markets to see steady growth

The large, mature North American and West European gear markets are forecast to expand between three and four percent per year during the 2014-2019 period. Demand for gears in the US and Germany, the two largest markets in these regions, is expected to moderate after climbing twelve percent and six percent, respectively, from 2009 to 2014. In Japan, the world’s third largest national market behind China and the US, sales of gears will decelerate through 2019 as well because of a drop in motor vehicle output. Nonetheless, durables manufacturing activity in North America, Western Europe, and Japan is projected to increase going forward and generate additional demand for gears. Consumer spending on durable goods in these areas will also rise as economic conditions improve further, encouraging local manufacturers to boost production of gear-using products. In addition, durable goods suppliers in North America, Western Europe, and Japan will benefit from new export opportunities in nearby developing countries. However, competition from new and existing alternative technologies -- such as continuously variable transmissions (CVTs) and gearless direct drive systems -- is expected to restrain sales growth in many mature gear markets.

Study coverage

This Freedonia industry study analyzes the $165 billion world gear industry. It presents historical demand data (2004, 2009 and 2014) and forecasts (2019 and 2024) by product (e.g., gear assemblies, vehicular gears, individual gears) and market (e.g., motor vehicles, machinery) for six world regions and 19 major countries. The study also considers market environment factors, details industry structure, evaluates company market share, and profiles 35 industry participants, including General Motors, Volkswagen, and ZF Friedrichshafen.

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Purchase World Gears by the Section

  1. World Gears

    $6,300.00

    1. 1 INTRODUCTION

      $202.00

    2. 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

      $109.00

      1. Table | GEAR DEMAND

    3. 3 MARKET ENVIRONMENT

      $994.00

      1. 3.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 3.2 World Economic Overview

        $186.00

        1. 3.2.1 Recent Historical Trends

          $82.00

        2. 3.2.2 World Economic Outlook

          $113.00

          1. Table | WORLD GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY REGION

      3. 3.3 World Gross Fixed Investment Outlook

        $82.00

        1. Table | WORLD GROSS FIXED INVESTMENT BY REGION

      4. 3.4 World Durable Goods Manufacturing Outlook

        $99.00

        1. Table | WORLD DURABLE GOODS MANUFACTURING VALUE ADDED BY TYPE & REGION

      5. 3.5 World Motor Vehicle Trends

        $209.00

        1. 3.5.1 Motor Vehicle Production

          $123.00

          1. Table | MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY TYPE & REGION

          2. CHART II-1 WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY REGION, 2014

        2. 3.5.2 Motor Vehicles in Use

          $82.00

          1. Table | MOTOR VEHICLES IN USE BY REGION

      6. 3.6 Pricing Patterns

        $82.00

        1. Table | WORLD GEAR PRICE DEFLATORS

        2. CHART II-2 WORLD GEAR PRICE DEFLATORS, 2004-2024

      7. 3.7 Materials

        $99.00

      8. 3.8 Technological Trends

        $208.00

    4. 4 WORLD SUPPLY & DEMAND

      $1,846.00

      1. 4.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 4.2 Regional Overview

        $428.00

        1. 4.2.1 Demand

          $128.00

          1. Table | WORLD GEAR DEMAND BY REGION

          2. CHART III-1 WORLD GEAR DEMAND BY REGION, 2014

          3. CHART III-2 INCREASE IN ANNUAL GEAR DEMAND FROM 2014 TO 2019 BY REGION

          4. CHART III-3 WORLD GEAR DEMAND: PROJECTED 2014-2019 ANNUAL RATE OF GROWTH

        2. 4.2.2 Production

          $131.00

          1. Table | WORLD GEAR PRODUCTION BY REGION

          2. CHART III-4 WORLD GEAR PRODUCTION BY REGION, 2014

        3. 4.2.3 International Trade

          $127.00

          1. Table | WORLD GEAR NET EXPORTS BY REGION

      3. 4.3 Demand by Product

        $553.00

        1. Table | WORLD GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        2. CHART III-5 WORLD GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT, 2014

        3. 4.3.1 Gear Assemblies

          $82.00

          1. Table | WORLD GEAR ASSEMBLIES DEMAND BY PRODUCT & REGION

        4. 4.3.2 Vehicular

          $231.00

          1. Table | WORLD VEHICULAR GEAR ASSEMBLIES DEMAND BY PRODUCT & REGION

        5. 4.3.3 Other

          $170.00

          1. Table | WORLD DEMAND FOR OTHER GEAR ASSEMBLIES BY PRODUCT & REGION

        6. 4.3.4 Individual Gears

          $84.00

          1. Table | WORLD INDIVIDUAL GEAR DEMAND BY REGION

      4. 4.4 Demand by Market

        $816.00

        1. Table | WORLD GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

        2. CHART III-6 WORLD GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET, 2014

        3. 4.4.1 Motor Vehicles

          $82.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE GEAR DEMAND BY REGION

        4. 4.4.2 Demand by Application

          $408.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE GEAR DEMAND BY APPLICATION

          2. CHART III-7 WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE GEAR DEMAND BY APPLICATION, 2014

          3. Table | WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE TRANSMISSION GEAR DEMAND BY REGION

          4. Table | WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE DRIVELINE COMPONENTS GEAR DEMAND BY REGION

          5. Table | WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE STEERING EQUIPMENT GEAR DEMAND BY REGION

          6. Table | WORLD DEMAND FOR GEARS USED IN MOTOR VEHICLE ACCESSORIES & OTHER MOTOR VEHICLE APPLICATIONS

        5. 4.4.3 Demand by Source

          $121.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE GEAR DEMAND BY SOURCE

          2. CHART III-8 WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE GEAR DEMAND BY SOURCE, 2004-2024

        6. 4.4.4 Machinery

          $89.00

          1. Table | WORLD MACHINERY GEAR DEMAND BY REGION

        7. 4.4.5 Other

          $117.00

          1. Table | WORLD DEMAND FOR GEARS USED IN OTHER MARKETS BY SEGMENT & REGION

    5. 5 NORTH AMERICA

      $1,080.00

      1. 5.1 North America: Economic Overview

        $82.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICA: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

      2. 5.2 North America: Gear Supply & Demand

        $116.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICA: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        2. CHART IV-1 NORTH AMERICA: GEAR DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2014

      3. 5.3 North America: Gear Market Outlook

        $103.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICA: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      4. 5.4 United States

        $274.00

        1. 5.4.1 United States: Economic Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | UNITED STATES: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 5.4.2 United States: Gear Supply & Demand

          $124.00

          1. Table | UNITED STATES: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 5.4.3 United States: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | UNITED STATES: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      5. 5.5 Canada

        $234.00

        1. 5.5.1 Canada: Economic Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | CANADA: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 5.5.2 Canada: Gear Supply & Demand

          $117.00

          1. Table | CANADA: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 5.5.3 Canada: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | CANADA: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      6. 5.6 Mexico

        $275.00

        1. 5.6.1 Mexico: Economic Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | MEXICO: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 5.6.2 Mexico: Gear Supply & Demand

          $115.00

          1. Table | MEXICO: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 5.6.3 Mexico: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | MEXICO: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

    6. 6 WESTERN EUROPE

      $2,073.00

      1. 6.1 Western Europe: Economic Overview

        $92.00

        1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

      2. 6.2 Western Europe: Gear Supply & Demand

        $113.00

        1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        2. CHART V-1 WESTERN EUROPE: GEAR DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2014

      3. 6.3 Western Europe: Gear Market Outlook

        $90.00

        1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      4. 6.4 Germany

        $270.00

        1. 6.4.1 Germany: Economic Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | GERMANY: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 6.4.2 Germany: Gear Supply & Demand

          $125.00

          1. Table | GERMANY: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.4.3 Germany: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | GERMANY: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      5. 6.5 France

        $254.00

        1. 6.5.1 France: Economic Overview

          $96.00

          1. Table | FRANCE: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 6.5.2 France: Gear Supply & Demand

          $105.00

          1. Table | FRANCE: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.5.3 France: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | FRANCE: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      6. 6.6 United Kingdom

        $290.00

        1. 6.6.1 United Kingdom: Economic Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 6.6.2 United Kingdom: Gear Supply & Demand

          $121.00

          1. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.6.3 United Kingdom: Gear Market Outlook

          $90.00

          1. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      7. 6.7 Italy

        $267.00

        1. 6.7.1 Italy: Economic Overview

          $98.00

          1. Table | ITALY: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 6.7.2 Italy: Gear Supply & Demand

          $113.00

          1. Table | ITALY: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.7.3 Italy: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | ITALY: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      8. 6.8 Spain

        $267.00

        1. 6.8.1 Spain: Economic Overview

          $83.00

          1. Table | SPAIN: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 6.8.2 Spain: Gear Supply & Demand

          $121.00

          1. Table | SPAIN: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.8.3 Spain: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | SPAIN: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      9. 6.9 Other Western Europe

        $430.00

        1. 6.9.1 Other Western Europe: Economic Overview

          $94.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 6.9.2 Other Western Europe: Gear Supply & Demand

          $130.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.9.3 Other Western Europe: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 6.9.4 Other Western Europe: Gear Supply & Demand by Country

          $140.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND BY COUNTRY

    7. 7 ASIA/PACIFIC

      $2,309.00

      1. 7.1 Asia/Pacific: Economic Overview

        $82.00

        1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

      2. 7.2 Asia/Pacific: Gear Supply & Demand

        $134.00

        1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        2. CHART VI-1 ASIA/PACIFIC: GEAR DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2014

      3. 7.3 Asia/Pacific: Gear Market Outlook

        $99.00

        1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      4. 7.4 China

        $337.00

        1. 7.4.1 China: Economic Overview

          $98.00

          1. Table | CHINA: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 7.4.2 China: Gear Supply & Demand

          $153.00

          1. Table | CHINA: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.4.3 China: Gear Market Outlook

          $85.00

          1. Table | CHINA: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      5. 7.5 Japan

        $263.00

        1. 7.5.1 Japan: Economic Overview

          $87.00

          1. Table | JAPAN: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 7.5.2 Japan: Gear Supply & Demand

          $116.00

          1. Table | JAPAN: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.5.3 Japan: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | JAPAN: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      6. 7.6 South Korea

        $252.00

        1. 7.6.1 South Korea: Economic Overview

          $84.00

          1. Table | SOUTH KOREA: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 7.6.2 South Korea: Gear Supply & Demand

          $109.00

          1. Table | SOUTH KOREA: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.6.3 South Korea: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | SOUTH KOREA: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      7. 7.7 India

        $307.00

        1. 7.7.1 India: Economic Overview

          $92.00

          1. Table | INDIA: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 7.7.2 India: Gear Supply & Demand

          $135.00

          1. Table | INDIA: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.7.3 India: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | INDIA: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      8. 7.8 Thailand

        $274.00

        1. 7.8.1 Thailand: Economic Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | THAILAND: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 7.8.2 Thailand: Gear Supply & Demand

          $130.00

          1. Table | THAILAND: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.8.3 Thailand: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | THAILAND: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      9. 7.9 Indonesia

        $273.00

        1. 7.9.1 Indonesia: Economic Overview

          $83.00

          1. Table | INDONESIA: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 7.9.2 Indonesia: Gear Supply & Demand

          $118.00

          1. Table | INDONESIA: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.9.3 Indonesia: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | INDONESIA: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      10. 7.10 Other Asia/Pacific

        $289.00

        1. 7.10.1 Other Asia/Pacific: Economic Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 7.10.2 Other Asia/Pacific: Gear Supply & Demand

          $137.00

          1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.10.3 Other Asia/Pacific: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

    8. 8 OTHER REGIONS

      $3,320.00

      1. 8.1 Central & South America

        $843.00

        1. 8.1.1 Central & South America: Economic Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 8.1.2 Central & South America: Gear Supply & Demand

          $121.00

          1. Table | CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 8.1.3 Central & South America: Gear Market Outlook

          $103.00

          1. Table | CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 8.1.4 Brazil

          $272.00

          1. Table | BRAZIL: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | BRAZIL: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          3. Table | BRAZIL: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

        5. 8.1.5 Other Central & South America

          $266.00

          1. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          3. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

      2. 8.2 Eastern Europe

        $1,510.00

        1. 8.2.1 Eastern Europe: Economic Overview

          $82.00

          1. Table | EASTERN EUROPE: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 8.2.2 Eastern Europe: Gear Supply & Demand

          $145.00

          1. Table | EASTERN EUROPE: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          2. CHART VII-1 EASTERN EUROPE: GEAR DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2014

        3. 8.2.3 Eastern Europe: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | EASTERN EUROPE: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 8.2.4 Russia

          $282.00

          1. Table | RUSSIA: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | RUSSIA: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          3. Table | RUSSIA: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

        5. 8.2.5 Czech Republic

          $252.00

          1. Table | CZECH REPUBLIC: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | CZECH REPUBLIC: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          3. Table | CZECH REPUBLIC: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

        6. 8.2.6 Poland

          $240.00

          1. Table | POLAND: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | POLAND: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          3. Table | POLAND: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

        7. 8.2.7 Other Eastern Europe

          $432.00

          1. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          3. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

          4. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND BY COUNTRY

      3. 8.3 Africa/Mideast

        $966.00

        1. 8.3.1 Africa/Mideast: Economic Overview

          $87.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 8.3.2 Africa/Mideast: Gear Supply & Demand

          $130.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          2. CHART VII-2 AFRICA/MIDEAST: GEAR DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2014

        3. 8.3.3 Africa/Mideast: Gear Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 8.3.4 Turkey

          $246.00

          1. Table | TURKEY: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | TURKEY: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          3. Table | TURKEY: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

        5. 8.3.5 Other Africa/Mideast

          $428.00

          1. Table | OTHER AFRICA/MIDEAST: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | OTHER AFRICA/MIDEAST: GEAR DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          3. Table | OTHER AFRICA/MIDEAST: GEAR DEMAND BY MARKET

          4. Table | OTHER AFRICA/MIDEAST: GEAR SUPPLY & DEMAND BY COUNTRY

    9. 9 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

      $5,727.00

      1. 9.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 9.2 Industry Composition

        $88.00

        1. Table | WORLD GEAR SALES BY COMPANY, 2014

      3. 9.3 Market Share

        $276.00

        1. CHART VIII-1 WORLD GEAR MARKET SHARE, 2014

      4. 9.4 Product Development & Manufacturing

        $82.00

      5. 9.5 Marketing & Distribution

        $82.00

      6. 9.6 Cooperative Agreements

        $160.00

        1. Table | SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS

      7. 9.7 Mergers & Acquisitions

        $85.00

        1. Table | SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES

      8. 9.8 Company Profiles

        $4,423.00

        1. 9.8.1 Aisin Seiki Company Limited

          $170.00

        2. 9.8.2 Allison Transmission Holdings Incorporated

          $87.00

        3. 9.8.3 American Axle & Manufacturing Holdings Incorporated

          $125.00

        4. 9.8.4 Bonfiglioli Riduttori SpA

          $82.00

        5. 9.8.5 BorgWarner Incorporated

          $111.00

        6. 9.8.6 Bosch (Robert) GmbH

          $204.00

        7. 9.8.7 Brevini Power Transmission SpA

          $138.00

        8. 9.8.8 Carraro SpA

          $117.00

        9. 9.8.9 Caterpillar Incorporated

          $82.00

        10. 9.8.10 China High Speed Transmission Equipment Group Company Limited

          $142.00

        11. 9.8.11 Clyde Blowers Limited

          $248.00

        12. 9.8.12 Daimler AG

          $115.00

        13. 9.8.13 Dana Holding Corporation

          $130.00

        14. 9.8.14 Eaton Corporation plc

          $88.00

        15. 9.8.15 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV

          $148.00

        16. 9.8.16 Ford Motor Company

          $95.00

        17. 9.8.17 General Motors Company

          $82.00

        18. 9.8.18 GETRAG Getriebe- und Zahnradfabrik Hermann Hagenmeyer GmbH & Cie KG

          $106.00

        19. 9.8.19 GKN plc

          $267.00

        20. 9.8.20 Honda Motor Company Limited

          $82.00

        21. 9.8.21 Hyundai Motor Company

          $168.00

        22. 9.8.22 Magna International Incorporated

          $90.00

        23. 9.8.23 Meritor Incorporated

          $147.00

        24. 9.8.24 Nissan Motor Company Limited

          $121.00

        25. 9.8.25 OC Oerlikon Management AG

          $92.00

        26. 9.8.26 Peugeot SA

          $82.00

        27. 9.8.27 SEW-EURODRIVE GmbH & Company KG

          $113.00

        28. 9.8.28 Shaanxi Fast Auto Drive Group Company Limited

          $82.00

        29. 9.8.29 Siemens AG

          $84.00

        30. 9.8.30 Sumitomo Heavy Industries Limited

          $187.00

        31. 9.8.31 Toyota Motor Corporation

          $98.00

        32. 9.8.32 Univance Corporation

          $82.00

        33. 9.8.33 Valeo SA

          $82.00

        34. 9.8.34 Volkswagen AG

          $202.00

        35. 9.8.35 ZF Friedrichshafen AG

          $294.00

      9. 9.9 Other Companies Mentioned in Study

        $509.00

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