World Hydrogen

The Asia/Pacific region has supplanted North America as the leading hydrogen consumer, as demand is driven by the low-sulfur, cleaner burning fuels from the petroleum refining industry.

World demand to rise over 4% yearly through 2016

Global demand for hydrogen is projected to increase 4.1 percent annually through 2016 to 286 billion cubic meters, valued at $43.2 billion. The primary driver of this growth will be the petroleum refining industry, whose hydrogen consumption is driven mainly by the production of lowsulfur, cleaner burning fuels. Though approximately 90 percent of this consumed hydrogen is captive production liberated by oil refining processes, the balance is merchant hydrogen, usually generated by steam methane reformers.

Various countries and regions around the world have legislated carbon dioxide emission limits from the burning of hydrocarbon fuels. These are generally becoming more stringent, and as they are enacted and enforced, additional hydrogen is needed to hydrotreat petroleum to yield cleaner fuels that meet emission regulations. Also adding to hydrogen demand is the fact that the quality of crude oil feedstocks is gradually declining, leaving higher sulfur crudes that require more hydrogen to be refined.

Chemical manufacturing a large hydrogen market

Chemical manufacturing is the second largest consumer of hydrogen. Some hydrogen used by chemical and petrochemical producers is generated from process off-gas, though most is supplied by dedicated on-site hydrogen plants or purchased from merchant suppliers. In general, manufacturing and other applications, the production of semiconductors and float glass, the thermal treatment of metal components, and the hydrogenation of processed foods are the largest consumers of hydrogen.

Asia/Pacific region now world’s largest consumer

Whereas North America led the world in hydrogen consumption in 2006, rapid growth of many national economies in the Asia/Pacific region -- especially those of China and India -- made the Asia/ Pacific region the world’s largest hydrogen consumer in 2011. Western Europe is third among the world’s hydrogen consumers. Hydrogen consumption in Central and South America will be led by Brazil; in Eastern Europe by the economies of Russia, Ukraine, and Poland; and in the Africa/Mideast region by the oil-rich nations of Saudi Arabia and Iran.

The movement aimed at promoting hydrogen as an energy carrier and reducing emissions produced by the consumption of hydrocarbon fuels is often referred to as the “hydrogen economy.” Most of the world’s leading economies have financed, through public and private sectors, the ongoing development of technologies (such as fuel cells developed for motor vehicles and power generation), infrastructures, and safety codes relating to hydrogen energy. Germany, Japan and the US lead the world in commercial fuel cell demand and R&D investment. Though the hydrogen economy is slowly becoming a reality, its true promise is still decades away.

Study Scope

This study analyzes the 233.7 billion cubic meter world hydrogen industry. It presents historical demand data for the years 2001, 2006 and 2011, and forecasts for 2016 and 2021 by market (e.g., petroleum refining, petroleum refining processes, chemical manufacturing, other manufacturing), production method (e.g., hydrocarbons, water), world region and for 17 major countries.

The study also considers market environment factors, examines the hydrogen economy, evaluates company market share and profiles 9 industry participants, including Air Products and Chemicals, Linde and Air Liquide.

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Purchase World Hydrogen by the Section

  1. World Hydrogen

    $5,900.00

    1. 1 INTRODUCTION

      $203.00

    2. 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

      $129.00

      1. Table | WORLD HYDROGEN DEMAND (billion cubic meters)

    3. 3 MARKET ENVIRONMENT

      $1,769.00

      1. 3.1 General

        $122.00

      2. 3.2 World Economic Overview

        $324.00

        1. 3.2.1 Recent Historical Trends

          $93.00

        2. 3.2.2 World Economic Outlook

          $213.00

          1. Table | WORLD GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY REGION (billion 2010 dollars)

      3. 3.3 World Population Overview

        $84.00

        1. Table | WORLD POPULATION BY REGION (mil persons)

      4. 3.4 World Manufacturing Overview

        $84.00

        1. Table | WORLD MANUFACTURING VALUE ADDED BY REGION (billion 2010 dollars)

      5. 3.5 World Chemical Manufacturing Outlook

        $95.00

        1. Table | WORLD CHEMICAL MANUFACTURING VALUE ADDED BY REGION (billion 2010 dollars)

      6. 3.6 World Energy Outlook

        $150.00

        1. Table | WORLD ENERGY PRODUCTION BY TYPE (quadrillion Btu)

      7. 3.7 World Petroleum Refining Outlook

        $170.00

        1. Table | WORLD REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PRODUCTION BY REGION (million metric tons)

      8. 3.8 World Fuel Cell Outlook

        $148.00

        1. Table | WORLD COMMERCIAL FUEL CELL DEMAND BY REGION (million dollars)

      9. 3.9 World Motor Vehicle Outlook

        $330.00

        1. Table | WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY REGION (thousand units)

        2. 3.9.1 Hydrogen-Powered Motor Vehicles

          $82.00

        3. 3.9.2 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles

          $116.00

          1. Table | WORLD COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE FUEL CELL DEMAND BY CHEMISTRY, REGION, & PRODUCT (million dollars)

        4. 3.9.3 Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles

          $82.00

      10. 3.10 Environmental & Regulatory Issues

        $200.00

      11. 3.11 Codes & Standards

        $82.00

    4. 4 WORLD HYDROGEN OVERVIEW

      $2,082.00

      1. 4.1 General

        $200.00

        1. Table | WORLD HYDROGEN DEMAND

      2. 4.2 World Hydrogen Demand by Region

        $135.00

        1. Table | WORLD HYDROGEN DEMAND BY REGION

      3. 4.3 World Hydrogen Demand by Market

        $696.00

        1. Table | WORLD HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET

        2. 4.3.1 Petroleum Refining

          $82.00

          1. Table | WORLD PETROLEUM REFINING MARKET FOR HYDROGEN

        3. 4.3.2 Petroleum Refining Processes

          $127.00

          1. Table | WORLD PETROLEUM REFINING MARKET FOR HYDROGEN BY APPLICATION & SOURCE (billion cubic meters)

        4. 4.3.3 Chemical Manufacturing

          $102.00

          1. Table | WORLD CHEMICAL MANUFACTURING MARKET FOR HYDROGEN

        5. 4.3.4 Other Markets for Hydrogen

          $316.00

          1. Table | OTHER GLOBAL MARKETS FOR HYDROGEN BY REGION & TYPE (billion cubic meters)

      4. 4.4 The Hydrogen Economy

        $986.00

        1. 4.4.1 General

          $141.00

        2. 4.4.2 Fuel Cells

          $350.00

          1. Table | WORLD COMMERCIAL FUEL CELL DEMAND BY APPLICATION (million dollars)

        3. 4.4.3 Hydrogen Production Methods

          $324.00

        4. 4.4.4 Hydrogen Storage

          $156.00

      5. 4.5 Pricing Trends

        $82.00

        1. Table | HYDROGEN PRICING & VALUATION (US dollars per thousand cubic meters)

    5. 5 NORTH AMERICA

      $1,425.00

      1. 5.1 North America: Macroeconomic Environment

        $139.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICA: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

      2. 5.2 North America: Hydrogen Demand

        $82.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICA: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET

      3. 5.3 North America: Suppliers & Market Share

        $91.00

      4. 5.4 United States

        $467.00

        1. Table | UNITED STATES: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | UNITED STATES: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      5. 5.5 Canada

        $345.00

        1. Table | CANADA: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | CANADA: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      6. 5.6 Mexico

        $308.00

        1. Table | MEXICO: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | MEXICO: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

    6. 6 WESTERN EUROPE

      $2,720.00

      1. 6.1 Western Europe: Macroeconomic Environment

        $190.00

        1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

      2. 6.2 Western Europe: Hydrogen Demand

        $119.00

        1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET

      3. 6.3 Western Europe: Suppliers & Market Share

        $99.00

      4. 6.4 Germany

        $403.00

        1. Table | GERMANY: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | GERMANY: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      5. 6.5 Italy

        $331.00

        1. Table | ITALY: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | ITALY: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      6. 6.6 France

        $285.00

        1. Table | FRANCE: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | FRANCE: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      7. 6.7 United Kingdom

        $331.00

        1. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      8. 6.8 The Netherlands

        $313.00

        1. Table | NETHERLANDS: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN (billion cubic meters)

        2. Table | NETHERLANDS: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET

      9. 6.9 Spain

        $279.00

        1. Table | SPAIN: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | SPAIN: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      10. 6.10 Other Western Europe

        $370.00

        1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

    7. 7 ASIA/PACIFIC

      $3,194.00

      1. 7.1 Asia/Pacific: Macroeconomic Environment

        $236.00

        1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

      2. 7.2 Asia/Pacific: Hydrogen Demand

        $101.00

        1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET

      3. 7.3 Asia/Pacific: Suppliers & Market Share

        $182.00

      4. 7.4 China

        $471.00

        1. Table | CHINA: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | CHINA: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      5. 7.5 Japan

        $510.00

        1. Table | JAPAN: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | JAPAN: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      6. 7.6 India

        $422.00

        1. Table | INDIA: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | INDIA: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      7. 7.7 South Korea

        $394.00

        1. Table | SOUTH KOREA: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | SOUTH KOREA: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      8. 7.8 Taiwan

        $282.00

        1. Table | TAIWAN: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | TAIWAN: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      9. 7.9 Australia

        $326.00

        1. Table | AUSTRALIA: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | AUSTRALIA: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

      10. 7.10 Other Asia/Pacific

        $268.00

        1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

    8. 8 OTHER REGIONS

      $2,236.00

      1. 8.1 Central & South America

        $836.00

        1. 8.1.1 Central & South America: Macroeconomic Environment

          $164.00

          1. Table | CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. 8.1.2 Central & South America: Hydrogen Demand

          $82.00

          1. Table | CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

        3. 8.1.3 Central & South America: Suppliers & Market Share

          $82.00

        4. 8.1.4 Brazil

          $283.00

          1. Table | BRAZIL: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

          2. Table | BRAZIL: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

        5. 8.1.5 Other Central & South America

          $256.00

          1. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

          2. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET & COUNTRY (billion cubic meters)

      2. 8.2 Eastern Europe

        $979.00

        1. 8.2.1 Eastern Europe: Macroeconomic Environment

          $206.00

          1. Table | EASTERN EUROPE: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. 8.2.2 Eastern Europe: Hydrogen Demand

          $82.00

          1. Table | EASTERN EUROPE: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

        3. 8.2.3 Eastern Europe: Suppliers & Market Share

          $82.00

        4. 8.2.4 Russia

          $313.00

          1. Table | RUSSIA: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

          2. Table | RUSSIA: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET (billion cubic meters)

        5. 8.2.5 Other Eastern Europe

          $322.00

          1. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

          2. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET & COUNTRY (billion cubic meters)

      3. 8.3 Africa/Mideast

        $419.00

        1. 8.3.1 Africa/Mideast: Macroeconomic Environment

          $199.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: MARKET ENVIRONMENT FOR HYDROGEN

        2. 8.3.2 Africa/Mideast: Hydrogen Demand

          $167.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: HYDROGEN DEMAND BY MARKET & COUNTRY (billion cubic meters)

        3. 8.3.3 Africa/Mideast: Suppliers & Market Share

          $82.00

    9. 9 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

      $2,781.00

      1. 9.1 General

        $107.00

        1. Table | MERCHANT HYDROGEN SALES BY COMPANY, 2011 (million dollars)

      2. 9.2 Market Share

        $227.00

      3. 9.3 Acquisitions & Divestitures

        $82.00

        1. Table | SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES

      4. 9.4 Cooperative Agreements

        $98.00

        1. Table | SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS

      5. 9.5 Distribution

        $178.00

        1. 9.5.1 Tonnage Distribution

          $82.00

        2. 9.5.2 Liquid Distribution

          $82.00

        3. 9.5.3 Cylinder & Packaged Gas Distribution

          $82.00

      6. 9.6 Company Profiles

        $2,122.00

        1. 9.6.1 Air Liquide Group

          $292.00

        2. 9.6.2 Air Products and Chemicals Incorporated

          $468.00

        3. 9.6.3 Airgas Incorporated

          $82.00

        4. 9.6.4 Iwatani International Corporation

          $100.00

        5. 9.6.5 Linde Group

          $397.00

        6. 9.6.6 Messer Group GmbH

          $103.00

        7. 9.6.7 Praxair Incorporated

          $421.00

        8. 9.6.8 Showa Denko KK

          $82.00

        9. 9.6.9 Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation

          $181.00

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