World Motorcycles

As Quoted In Investorideas.com

Growth will be driven by rising personal incomes worldwide, and by a sharp climb in the sales of electric bicycles (e-bikes) outside of China, from very modest levels of demand.

World demand to rise nearly 6% annually through 2018

World demand for motorcycles is forecast to expand nearly six percent per annum to 132 million units in 2018, valued at $119.5 billion. Growth will be driven by an increasing number of households in industrializing countries will be able to afford motorcycles as personal incomes rise. Also supporting gains will be a sharp climb in the sales of electric bicycles (e-bikes) and other electric models outside of China, from what are currently very modest levels of demand. Additionally, markets for all motorcycles in a number of important countries -- notably Brazil, Indonesia, Thailand, the US, and Vietnam -- will accelerate after several years of turmoil.

Electric motorcycles to outpace ICE models

Worldwide, e-bikes and other electric motorcycle products will capture market share from internal combustion engine (ICE) models in most countries, including China. E-bikes are becoming more popular because they are a convenient alternative to bicycles, especially for older riders, and are environmentally friendly. Also, they cost considerably less than conventional motorcycles, usually do not require a license, and have lower operating costs. After climbing at a 12 percent annual rate during the 2008-2013 period, electric motorcycle sales growth will slow noticeably through 2018 because of the maturity of the Chinese market, which accounted for the vast majority of the 2013 unit total. However, outside of China, demand for electric motorcycles will continue to expand at a double-digit annual pace as the number of models available steadily increases.

In the ICE segment, scooters, mopeds, and motorbikes are expected to gain market share from light ICE motorcycles because the former are less expensive and cheaper to operate. Also, mopeds and scooters are well suited for use in urban areas and popular with younger riders. Sales of motorbikes -- which are often used for recreational purposes because of their off-road capabilities -- are expected to rise as well, although their share of the market is still quite modest.

Countries outside of China to see fastest gains in Asia

The Asia/Pacific region is by far the largest regional market, and as living standards in the region continue to improve, a growing number of households will be able to afford motorcycles. Motorcycles are viewed as a convenient alternative to public transportation, which is often unreliable and overcrowded, and are widely used for business activities. Among the nations expected to record the fastest growth are Pakistan, the Philippines, India, and Burma. Both North America and Western Europe are projected to post rapid growth through 2018 from small bases, driven by both electric and ICE motorcycles.

Study coverage

Details on these and other findings are containied in World Motorcycles, a Freedonia industry study. It presents historical demand data (2003, 2008 and 2013) and forecasts (2018 and 2023) by type (e.g., scooters, mopeds and motorbikes; light motorcycles; medium and heavy motorcycles; electric bicycles and mopeds; electric scooters), world region, and for 23 countries. The study also considers market environment factors, details industry structure, evaluates company market share and profiles 38 industry players, including Honda, Yamaha and Hero MotoCorp.

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Purchase World Motorcycles by the Section

  1. World Motorcycles

    $6,500.00

    1. 1 INTRODUCTION

      $193.00

    2. 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

      $107.00

      1. Table | WORLD MOTORCYCLE DEMAND

    3. 3 MARKET ENVIRONMENT

      $1,519.00

      1. 3.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 3.2 World Economic Overview

        $196.00

        1. 3.2.1 Recent Historical Trends

          $82.00

        2. 3.2.2 World Economic Outlook

          $129.00

          1. Table | WORLD GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT

      3. 3.3 World Demographic Overview

        $82.00

      4. 3.4 Population

        $85.00

        1. Table | WORLD POPULATION BY REGION

      5. 3.5 Urban Population

        $82.00

        1. Table | WORLD URBAN POPULATION BY REGION

      6. 3.6 Households

        $82.00

        1. Table | WORLD HOUSEHOLDS BY REGION

      7. 3.7 World Personal Income Trends

        $82.00

        1. Table | WORLD PER CAPITA GDP BY REGION

      8. 3.8 World Light Vehicle Overview

        $214.00

        1. 3.8.1 Production

          $87.00

          1. Table | WORLD LIGHT VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY REGION

        2. 3.8.2 Demand

          $108.00

          1. Table | WORLD LIGHT VEHICLE DEMAND BY REGION

      9. 3.9 Legal & Regulatory Environment

        $397.00

        1. 3.9.1 Restrictions on Motorcycle Use

          $87.00

        2. 3.9.2 Rider Safety

          $107.00

        3. 3.9.3 Exhaust Emissions

          $137.00

      10. 3.10 Pricing Patterns

        $239.00

        1. 3.10.1 By Region

          $108.00

          1. Table | SALES-WEIGHTED MOTORCYCLE MANUFACTURING PRICING BY REGION

        2. 3.10.2 By Product

          $131.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTORCYCLE PRICING TRENDS BY PRODUCT

      11. 3.11 Technology Trends

        $146.00

        1. 3.11.1 Internal Combustion Engine Motorcycles

          $82.00

        2. 3.11.2 Electric Motorcycles

          $82.00

    4. 4 OVERVIEW

      $1,892.00

      1. 4.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 4.2 Two Market Models: Developed Versus Emerging

        $391.00

        1. 4.2.1 Historical Context: Japan in the 1950s

          $86.00

          1. CHART III-1 MOTORCYCLE VERSUS PASSENGER CAR SALES TRENDS IN JAPAN, 1950-2013

          2. CHART III-2 RATIO OF MOTORCYCLE TO PASSENGER CAR SALES IN JAPAN, 1950-2013

          3. CHART III-3 RELATIONSHIP OF PER CAPITA GDP TO RELATIVE MOTORCYCLE SALES DOMINANCE IN JAPAN, 1950-1970

        2. 4.2.2 Forecast Model Inputs

          $199.00

          1. CHART III-4 RELATIONSHIP OF INCOME DISTRIBUTION TO PER CAPITA GDP, 2013

          2. CHART III-5 MEDIAN AGE OF POPULATION IN SELECTED COUNTRIES, 2013

          3. CHART III-6 US MOTORCYCLE TRAFFIC FATALITIES BY AGE GROUP, 2001 & 2010

        3. 4.2.3 Model Fit & Implementation

          $82.00

          1. CHART III-7 COMPARISON OF PER CAPITA GDP & MOTORCYCLE SALES DOMINANCE

          2. CHART III-8 TYPICAL MOTORCYCLE MARKET TRANSITION POINTS FOR SELECTED COUNTRIES, 2013

      3. 4.3 Regional Overview

        $621.00

        1. CHART III-9 WORLD MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY REGION, 2013

        2. 4.3.1 Demand by Unit

          $110.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTORCYCLE UNIT DEMAND BY REGION

        3. 4.3.2 Demand by Value

          $82.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTORCYCLE VALUE DEMAND BY REGION

        4. 4.3.3 Motorcycles in Use

          $125.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTORCYCLES IN USE BY ENGINE TYPE & REGION

        5. 4.3.4 Production

          $152.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTORCYCLE PRODUCTION BY REGION

          2. CHART III-10 WORLD MOTORCYCLE PRODUCTION BY REGION, 2013

        6. 4.3.5 International Trade

          $108.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTORCYCLE NET EXPORTS BY REGION

      4. 4.4 Demand by Type

        $819.00

        1. Table | WORLD MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY ENGINE TYPE

        2. CHART III-11 WORLD MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY ENGINE TYPE, 2003-2023

        3. 4.4.1 Internal Combustion Engine

          $377.00

          1. Table | WORLD INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE & REGION

          2. CHART III-12 WORLD COMBUSTION MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE, 2003-2023

        4. 4.4.2 Electric Motorcycles

          $302.00

          1. Table | WORLD ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE & REGION

          2. CHART III-13 WORLD ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE, 2003-2023

    5. 5 NORTH AMERICA

      $1,068.00

      1. 5.1 North America: General

        $82.00

      2. 5.2 North America: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

        $105.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICA: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. CHART IV-1 NORTH AMERICA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2013

      3. 5.3 North America: Motorcycle Market Outlook

        $100.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      4. 5.4 United States

        $296.00

        1. 5.4.1 United States: General

          $82.00

        2. 5.4.2 United States: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $117.00

          1. Table | UNITED STATES: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 5.4.3 United States: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $113.00

          1. Table | UNITED STATES: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      5. 5.5 Canada

        $219.00

        1. 5.5.1 Canada: General

          $82.00

        2. 5.5.2 Canada: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $89.00

          1. Table | CANADA: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 5.5.3 Canada: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | CANADA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      6. 5.6 Mexico

        $283.00

        1. 5.6.1 Mexico: General

          $82.00

        2. 5.6.2 Mexico: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $102.00

          1. Table | MEXICO: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 5.6.3 Mexico: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $109.00

          1. Table | MEXICO: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

    6. 6 WESTERN EUROPE

      $1,765.00

      1. 6.1 Western Europe: General

        $85.00

      2. 6.2 Western Europe: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

        $128.00

        1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. CHART V-1 WESTERN EUROPE: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2013

      3. 6.3 Western Europe: Motorcycle Market Outlook

        $96.00

        1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      4. 6.4 Germany

        $237.00

        1. 6.4.1 Germany: General

          $82.00

        2. 6.4.2 Germany: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $109.00

          1. Table | GERMANY: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 6.4.3 Germany: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | GERMANY: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      5. 6.5 France

        $217.00

        1. 6.5.1 France: General

          $82.00

        2. 6.5.2 France: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $94.00

          1. Table | FRANCE: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 6.5.3 France: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | FRANCE: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      6. 6.6 Italy

        $273.00

        1. 6.6.1 Italy: General

          $82.00

        2. 6.6.2 Italy: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $126.00

          1. Table | ITALY: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 6.6.3 Italy: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | ITALY: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      7. 6.7 Spain

        $248.00

        1. 6.7.1 Spain: General

          $82.00

        2. 6.7.2 Spain: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $100.00

          1. Table | SPAIN: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 6.7.3 Spain: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | SPAIN: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      8. 6.8 United Kingdom

        $231.00

        1. 6.8.1 United Kingdom: General

          $82.00

        2. 6.8.2 United Kingdom: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $93.00

          1. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 6.8.3 United Kingdom: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      9. 6.9 Other Western Europe

        $249.00

        1. 6.9.1 Other Western Europe: General

          $82.00

        2. 6.9.2 Other Western Europe: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $97.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 6.9.3 Other Western Europe: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

    7. 7 ASIA/PACIFIC

      $3,958.00

      1. 7.1 Asia/Pacific: General

        $82.00

      2. 7.2 Asia/Pacific: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

        $117.00

        1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. CHART VI-1 ASIA/PACIFIC: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2013

      3. 7.3 Asia/Pacific: Motorcycle Market Outlook

        $127.00

        1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      4. 7.4 China

        $390.00

        1. 7.4.1 China: General

          $84.00

        2. 7.4.2 China: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $179.00

          1. Table | CHINA: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.4.3 China: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $126.00

          1. Table | CHINA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      5. 7.5 India

        $330.00

        1. 7.5.1 India: General

          $82.00

        2. 7.5.2 India: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $127.00

          1. Table | INDIA: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.5.3 India: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $125.00

          1. Table | INDIA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      6. 7.6 Indonesia

        $283.00

        1. 7.6.1 Indonesia: General

          $82.00

        2. 7.6.2 Indonesia: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $126.00

          1. Table | INDONESIA: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.6.3 Indonesia: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $87.00

          1. Table | INDONESIA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      7. 7.7 Vietnam

        $295.00

        1. 7.7.1 Vietnam: General

          $82.00

        2. 7.7.2 Vietnam: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $124.00

          1. Table | VIETNAM: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.7.3 Vietnam: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $101.00

          1. Table | VIETNAM: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      8. 7.8 Thailand

        $310.00

        1. 7.8.1 Thailand: General

          $82.00

        2. 7.8.2 Thailand: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $130.00

          1. Table | THAILAND: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.8.3 Thailand: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $112.00

          1. Table | THAILAND: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      9. 7.9 Burma

        $270.00

        1. 7.9.1 Burma: General

          $82.00

        2. 7.9.2 Burma: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $131.00

          1. Table | BURMA: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.9.3 Burma: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | BURMA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      10. 7.10 Pakistan

        $267.00

        1. 7.10.1 Pakistan: General

          $82.00

        2. 7.10.2 Pakistan: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $118.00

          1. Table | PAKISTAN: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.10.3 Pakistan: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $83.00

          1. Table | PAKISTAN: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      11. 7.11 Philippines

        $230.00

        1. 7.11.1 Philippines: General

          $82.00

        2. 7.11.2 Philippines: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $99.00

          1. Table | PHILIPPINES: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.11.3 Philippines: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | PHILIPPINES: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      12. 7.12 Japan

        $259.00

        1. 7.12.1 Japan: General

          $82.00

        2. 7.12.2 Japan: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $110.00

          1. Table | JAPAN: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.12.3 Japan: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | JAPAN: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      13. 7.13 Taiwan

        $240.00

        1. 7.13.1 Taiwan: General

          $82.00

        2. 7.13.2 Taiwan: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $102.00

          1. Table | TAIWAN: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.13.3 Taiwan: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | TAIWAN: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      14. 7.14 Malaysia

        $269.00

        1. 7.14.1 Malaysia: General

          $82.00

        2. 7.14.2 Malaysia: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $99.00

          1. Table | MALAYSIA: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.14.3 Malaysia: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $102.00

          1. Table | MALAYSIA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      15. 7.15 South Korea

        $222.00

        1. 7.15.1 South Korea: General

          $82.00

        2. 7.15.2 South Korea: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $88.00

          1. Table | SOUTH KOREA: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.15.3 South Korea: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | SOUTH KOREA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      16. 7.16 Other Asia/Pacific

        $275.00

        1. 7.16.1 Other Asia/Pacific: General

          $82.00

        2. 7.16.2 Other Asia/Pacific: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $114.00

          1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 7.16.3 Other Asia/Pacific: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $99.00

          1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

    8. 8 OTHER REGIONS

      $2,329.00

      1. 8.1 Central & South America

        $1,115.00

        1. 8.1.1 Central & South America: General

          $82.00

        2. 8.1.2 Central & South America: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $146.00

          1. Table | CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 8.1.3 Central & South America: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $92.00

          1. Table | CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

        4. 8.1.4 Brazil

          $304.00

          1. Table | BRAZIL: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | BRAZIL: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

        5. 8.1.5 Argentina

          $238.00

          1. Table | ARGENTINA: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | ARGENTINA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

        6. 8.1.6 Other Central & South America

          $265.00

          1. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      2. 8.2 Eastern Europe

        $338.00

        1. 8.2.1 Eastern Europe: General

          $82.00

        2. 8.2.2 Eastern Europe: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $145.00

          1. Table | EASTERN EUROPE: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 8.2.3 Eastern Europe: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $119.00

          1. Table | EASTERN EUROPE: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

      3. 8.3 Africa/Mideast

        $876.00

        1. 8.3.1 Africa/Mideast: General

          $82.00

        2. 8.3.2 Africa/Mideast: Motorcycle Supply & Demand

          $118.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

        3. 8.3.3 Africa/Mideast: Motorcycle Market Outlook

          $104.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

        4. 8.3.4 Nigeria

          $266.00

          1. Table | NIGERIA: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | NIGERIA: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

        5. 8.3.5 Other Africa/Mideast

          $310.00

          1. Table | OTHER AFRICA/MIDEAST: MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | OTHER AFRICA/MIDEAST: MOTORCYCLE DEMAND BY TYPE

    9. 9 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

      $5,390.00

      1. 9.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 9.2 Industry Composition

        $93.00

        1. Table | WORLD MOTORCYCLE SALES BY COMPANY, 2013

      3. 9.3 Market Share

        $352.00

        1. CHART VIII-1 WORLD MOTORCYCLE MARKET SHARE IN UNITS, 2013

        2. CHART VIII-2 WORLD MOTORCYCLE MARKET SHARE IN DOLLARS, 2013

        3. 9.3.1 ICE Motorcycle Market Share

          $82.00

          1. CHART VIII-3 WORLD ICE MOTORCYCLE MARKET SHARE, 2013

        4. 9.3.2 Electric Motorcycle Market Share

          $82.00

          1. CHART VIII-4 ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLE MARKET SHARE, 2013

      4. 9.4 Competitive Strategies

        $82.00

      5. 9.5 Product Development & Manufacturing

        $129.00

      6. 9.6 Marketing & Distribution

        $89.00

      7. 9.7 Financial Requirements

        $82.00

      8. 9.8 Cooperative Agreements

        $185.00

        1. Table | SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS

      9. 9.9 Mergers & Acquisitions

        $82.00

        1. Table | SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES

      10. 9.10 Company Profiles

        $3,948.00

        1. 9.10.1 Bajaj Auto Limited

          $155.00

        2. 9.10.2 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG

          $150.00

        3. 9.10.3 China Jialing Industrial Company Limited

          $82.00

        4. 9.10.4 Chongqing Jianshe Motorcycle Company Limited

          $82.00

        5. 9.10.5 Chongqing Lifan Industry Group Company Limited

          $82.00

        6. 9.10.6 Daelim Industrial Company Limited

          $82.00

        7. 9.10.7 Dafra da Amazonia Industria e Comercio de Motocicletas Limitada

          $82.00

        8. 9.10.8 Dayun Group Company Limited

          $82.00

        9. 9.10.9 Eicher Motors Limited

          $82.00

        10. 9.10.10 Giant Manufacturing Company Limited

          $82.00

        11. 9.10.11 Haojue Holdings Company Limited

          $82.00

        12. 9.10.12 Harley-Davidson Incorporated

          $171.00

        13. 9.10.13 Hero MotoCorp Limited

          $125.00

        14. 9.10.14 Honda Motor Company Limited

          $338.00

        15. 9.10.15 Hong Leong Industries Berhad

          $82.00

        16. 9.10.16 Jiangsu Xinri E-Vehicle Company Limited

          $82.00

        17. 9.10.17 Jiangsu Yadea Technical Development Company Limited

          $82.00

        18. 9.10.18 Kawasaki Heavy Industries Limited

          $193.00

        19. 9.10.19 KR Motors Company Limited

          $82.00

        20. 9.10.20 KTM AG

          $106.00

        21. 9.10.21 Kwang Yang Motor Company Limited

          $107.00

        22. 9.10.22 Loncin Motor Company Limited

          $82.00

        23. 9.10.23 Luoyang Northern Enterprises Group Company Limited

          $82.00

        24. 9.10.24 MV Agusta Motor SpA

          $82.00

        25. 9.10.25 Peugeot SA

          $82.00

        26. 9.10.26 Piaggio & C. SpA

          $182.00

        27. 9.10.27 Polaris Industries Incorporated

          $82.00

        28. 9.10.28 Sanyang Industry Company Limited

          $101.00

        29. 9.10.29 Shandong Bidewen Power Technology Company Limited

          $82.00

        30. 9.10.30 Shandong Wuzheng Group Company Limited

          $82.00

        31. 9.10.31 Suzuki Motor Corporation

          $207.00

        32. 9.10.32 Triumph Motorcycles Limited

          $82.00

        33. 9.10.33 TVS Motor Company Limited

          $84.00

        34. 9.10.34 Uralmoto JSC

          $82.00

        35. 9.10.35 Volkswagen AG

          $82.00

        36. 9.10.36 Yamaha Motor Company Limited

          $485.00

        37. 9.10.37 Zhejiang Qianjiang Motorcycle Company Limited

          $82.00

        38. 9.10.38 Zongshen Industrial Group Company Limited

          $117.00

      11. 9.11 Other Companies Mentioned in Study

        $352.00

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