World Roofing

As Quoted In Building-Products

Global roofing demand is forecast to expand 2.9 percent annually to 10.3 billion square meters in 2012, with a value of $65 billion. The emerging economies of Asia will register the fastest growth in demand for roofing materials through 2012, and China will surpass the US as the world's largest roofing market by area.

This study examines the $54 billion world roofing industry. It presents historical demand data for the years 1997, 2002 and 2007, and forecasts for 2012 and 2017 by product (e.g., tile, bituminous, metal, elastomeric, plastic, fiber cement), market (residential, nonresidential), world region (e.g., Asia/Pacific, North America, Western Europe) and for 31 major countries.

The study also considers market environment factors, reviews the industry structure, evaluates company market share and profiles 41 industry competitors such as Etex Group, GAF, Monier Group and Saint-Gobain.

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Purchase World Roofing by the Section

  1. World Roofing

    $5,800.00

    1. 1 INTRODUCTION

      $158.00

    2. 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

      $104.00

      1. Table | WORLD ROOFING DEMAND (million square meters) 2002 - 2017

    3. 3 MARKET ENVIRONMENT

      $758.00

      1. 3.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 3.2 World Economic Overview

        $230.00

        1. 3.2.1 Recent Historical Trends

          $88.00

        2. 3.2.2 Macroeconomic Outlook

          $129.00

          1. Table | WORLD GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY REGION (billion 2006 dollars) 1997 - 2017

      3. 3.3 World Building Construction Expenditures

        $194.00

        1. Table | WORLD BUILDING CONSTRUCTION EXPENDITURES BY REGION (billion 2006 dollars) 1997 - 2017

        2. 3.3.1 Residential Building

          $82.00

          1. Table | WORLD RESIDENTIAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTION EXPENDITURES BY REGION (billion 2006 dollars) 1997 - 2017

        3. 3.3.2 Nonresidential Building

          $82.00

          1. Table | WORLD NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTION EXPENDITURES BY REGION (billion 2006 dollars) 1997 - 2017

      4. 3.4 World Demographic Overview

        $109.00

        1. 3.4.1 Population

          $82.00

          1. Table | WORLD POPULATION BY REGION (million persons) 1997 - 2017

        2. 3.4.2 Households

          $82.00

          1. Table | WORLD HOUSEHOLDS BY REGION (million units) 1997 - 2017

      5. 3.5 Legislation & Regulatory Considerations

        $121.00

      6. 3.6 Materials & Technology Trends

        $82.00

    4. 4 OVERVIEW

      $1,467.00

      1. 4.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 4.2 Regional Roofing Demand by Area

        $117.00

        1. Table | WORLD ROOFING DEMAND BY AREA (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      3. 4.3 Regional Roofing Demand by Value

        $82.00

        1. Table | WORLD ROOFING DEMAND BY VALUE (million dollars) 1997 - 2017

      4. 4.4 Roofing Demand by Product

        $1,113.00

        1. Table | WORLD ROOFING DEMAND BY PRODUCT (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 4.4.1 Tile Roofing

          $104.00

          1. Table | TILE ROOFING DEMAND BY REGION (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        3. 4.4.2 Bituminous Roofing

          $334.00

          1. Table | BITUMINOUS ROOFING DEMAND BY REGION (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        4. 4.4.3 Metal Roofing

          $131.00

          1. Table | METAL ROOFING DEMAND BY REGION (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        5. 4.4.4 Elastomeric Roofing

          $137.00

          1. Table | ELASTOMERIC ROOFING DEMAND BY REGION (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        6. 4.4.5 Plastic Roofing

          $150.00

          1. Table | PLASTIC ROOFING DEMAND BY REGION (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        7. 4.4.6 Fiber Cement & Other Roofing

          $160.00

          1. Table | FIBER CEMENT & OTHER ROOFING DEMAND BY REGION (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      5. 4.5 Roofing Production by Region

        $82.00

        1. Table | WORLD ROOFING PRODUCTION BY REGION (million dollars) 1997 - 2017

      6. 4.6 International Trade in Roofing Products

        $82.00

        1. Table | WORLD ROOFING TRADE FLOWS (million dollars) 1997 - 2017

    5. 5 NORTH AMERICA

      $810.00

      1. 5.1 North America: General

        $182.00

        1. 5.1.1 North America: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | NORTH AMERICA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 5.1.2 North America: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $82.00

          1. Table | NORTH AMERICA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      2. 5.2 United States: General

        $231.00

        1. 5.2.1 United States: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | UNITED STATES -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 5.2.2 United States: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $123.00

          1. Table | UNITED STATES -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      3. 5.3 Canada: General

        $205.00

        1. 5.3.1 Canada: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | CANADA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 5.3.2 Canada: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $103.00

          1. Table | CANADA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      4. 5.4 Mexico: General

        $192.00

        1. 5.4.1 Mexico: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | MEXICO -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 5.4.2 Mexico: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $88.00

          1. Table | MEXICO -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

    6. 6 WESTERN EUROPE

      $2,016.00

      1. 6.1 Western Europe: General

        $221.00

        1. 6.1.1 Western Europe: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 6.1.2 Western Europe: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $97.00

          1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      2. 6.2 Germany: General

        $231.00

        1. 6.2.1 Germany: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | GERMANY -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 6.2.2 Germany: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $124.00

          1. Table | GERMANY -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      3. 6.3 France: General

        $205.00

        1. 6.3.1 France: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | FRANCE -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 6.3.2 France: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $101.00

          1. Table | FRANCE -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      4. 6.4 Spain: General

        $198.00

        1. 6.4.1 Spain: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | SPAIN -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 6.4.2 Spain: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $94.00

          1. Table | SPAIN -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      5. 6.5 United Kingdom: General

        $203.00

        1. 6.5.1 United Kingdom: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | UNITED KINGDOM -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 6.5.2 United Kingdom: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $110.00

          1. Table | UNITED KINGDOM -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      6. 6.6 Italy: General

        $204.00

        1. 6.6.1 Italy: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | ITALY -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 6.6.2 Italy: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $103.00

          1. Table | ITALY -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      7. 6.7 The Netherlands: General

        $182.00

        1. 6.7.1 The Netherlands: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | THE NETHERLANDS -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 6.7.2 The Netherlands: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $85.00

          1. Table | THE NETHERLANDS -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      8. 6.8 Belgium: General

        $175.00

        1. 6.8.1 Belgium: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | BELGIUM -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 6.8.2 Belgium: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $82.00

          1. Table | BELGIUM -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      9. 6.9 Austria: General

        $173.00

        1. 6.9.1 Austria: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | AUSTRIA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 6.9.2 Austria: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $82.00

          1. Table | AUSTRIA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      10. 6.10 Other Western Europe: General

        $224.00

        1. 6.10.1 Other Western Europe: Roofing Demand by Market & Country

          $91.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET & COUNTRY (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 6.10.2 Other Western Europe: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $91.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

    7. 7 ASIA/PACIFIC

      $2,495.00

      1. 7.1 Asia/Pacific: General

        $256.00

        1. 7.1.1 Asia/Pacific: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 7.1.2 Asia/Pacific: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $91.00

          1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      2. 7.2 China: General

        $300.00

        1. 7.2.1 China: Roofing Demand by Market

          $87.00

          1. Table | CHINA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 7.2.2 China: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $142.00

          1. Table | CHINA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      3. 7.3 India: General

        $206.00

        1. 7.3.1 India: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | INDIA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 7.3.2 India: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $95.00

          1. Table | INDIA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      4. 7.4 Japan: General

        $218.00

        1. 7.4.1 Japan: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | JAPAN -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 7.4.2 Japan: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $93.00

          1. Table | JAPAN -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      5. 7.5 Thailand: General

        $189.00

        1. 7.5.1 Thailand: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | THAILAND -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 7.5.2 Thailand: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $88.00

          1. Table | THAILAND -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      6. 7.6 Indonesia: General

        $209.00

        1. 7.6.1 Indonesia: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | INDONESIA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 7.6.2 Indonesia: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $96.00

          1. Table | INDONESIA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      7. 7.7 South Korea: General

        $212.00

        1. 7.7.1 South Korea: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | SOUTH KOREA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 7.7.2 South Korea: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $95.00

          1. Table | SOUTH KOREA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      8. 7.8 Malaysia: General

        $172.00

        1. 7.8.1 Malaysia: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | MALAYSIA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 7.8.2 Malaysia: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $82.00

          1. Table | MALAYSIA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      9. 7.9 Australia: General

        $186.00

        1. 7.9.1 Australia: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | AUSTRALIA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 7.9.2 Australia: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $82.00

          1. Table | AUSTRALIA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      10. 7.10 Philippines: General

        $146.00

        1. 7.10.1 Philippines: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | PHILIPPINES -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 7.10.2 Philippines: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $82.00

          1. Table | PHILIPPINES -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      11. 7.11 Taiwan: General

        $180.00

        1. 7.11.1 Taiwan: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | TAIWAN -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 7.11.2 Taiwan: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $82.00

          1. Table | TAIWAN -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      12. 7.12 Other Asia/Pacific: General

        $221.00

        1. 7.12.1 Other Asia/Pacific: Roofing Demand by Market & Country

          $82.00

          1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET & COUNTRY (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 7.12.2 Other Asia/Pacific: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $85.00

          1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

    8. 8 OTHER REGIONS

      $2,953.00

      1. 8.1 Latin America: General

        $200.00

        1. 8.1.1 Latin America: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | LATIN AMERICA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 8.1.2 Latin America: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $84.00

          1. Table | LATIN AMERICA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      2. 8.2 Brazil: General

        $565.00

        1. Table | BRAZIL -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. Table | BRAZIL -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        3. 8.2.1 Argentina: General

          $160.00

          1. Table | ARGENTINA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

          2. Table | ARGENTINA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        4. 8.2.2 Other Latin America: General

          $219.00

          1. Table | OTHER LATIN AMERICA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET & COUNTRY (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

          2. Table | OTHER LATIN AMERICA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      3. 8.3 Eastern Europe: General

        $1,250.00

        1. 8.3.1 Eastern Europe: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | EASTERN EUROPE -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 8.3.2 Eastern Europe: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $91.00

          1. Table | EASTERN EUROPE -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        3. 8.3.3 Russia: General

          $209.00

          1. Table | RUSSIA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

          2. Table | RUSSIA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        4. 8.3.4 Poland: General

          $191.00

          1. Table | POLAND -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

          2. Table | POLAND -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        5. 8.3.5 Ukraine: General

          $152.00

          1. Table | UKRAINE -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

          2. Table | UKRAINE -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        6. 8.3.6 Czech Republic: General

          $157.00

          1. Table | CZECH REPUBLIC -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

          2. Table | CZECH REPUBLIC -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        7. 8.3.7 Romania: General

          $136.00

          1. Table | ROMANIA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

          2. Table | ROMANIA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        8. 8.3.8 Other Eastern Europe: General

          $194.00

          1. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET & COUNTRY (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

          2. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

      4. 8.4 Africa/Mideast: General

        $937.00

        1. 8.4.1 Africa/Mideast: Roofing Demand by Market

          $82.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        2. 8.4.2 Africa/Mideast: Roofing Supply & Demand

          $85.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        3. 8.4.3 Turkey: General

          $190.00

          1. Table | TURKEY -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

          2. Table | TURKEY -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        4. 8.4.4 Iran: General

          $167.00

          1. Table | IRAN -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

          2. Table | IRAN -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        5. 8.4.5 South Africa: General

          $158.00

          1. Table | SOUTH AFRICA -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

          2. Table | SOUTH AFRICA -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

        6. 8.4.6 Other Africa/Mideast: General

          $212.00

          1. Table | OTHER AFRICA/MIDEAST -- ROOFING DEMAND BY MARKET & COUNTRY (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

          2. Table | OTHER AFRICA/MIDEAST -- ROOFING SUPPLY & DEMAND (million square meters) 1997 - 2017

    9. 9 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

      $5,497.00

      1. 9.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 9.2 Industry Composition & Market Share

        $203.00

        1. Table | ROOFING REVENUES FOR SELECTED MANUFACTURERS, 2007 (million dollars)

        2. 9.2.1 Market Leaders

          $82.00

        3. 9.2.2 Other Leading Companies

          $82.00

      3. 9.3 Manufacturing & Product Development

        $83.00

      4. 9.4 Marketing & Distribution

        $82.00

      5. 9.5 Mergers & Acquisitions

        $134.00

        1. Table | SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES

      6. 9.6 Cooperative Agreements

        $148.00

        1. Table | SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS

      7. 9.7 Company Profiles

        $4,763.00

        1. 9.7.1 BBMG Group Company Limited

          $82.00

        2. 9.7.2 Berkshire Hathaway Incorporated

          $189.00

        3. 9.7.3 Bitumlu Tecrit Maddeleri Sanayi ve Ticaret AO

          $82.00

        4. 9.7.4 BlueScope Steel Limited

          $298.00

        5. 9.7.5 Boral Limited

          $141.00

        6. 9.7.6 Bridgestone Corporation

          $187.00

        7. 9.7.7 Building Materials Corporation of America

          $264.00

        8. 9.7.8 Carlisle Companies Incorporated

          $193.00

        9. 9.7.9 China National Building Material Group Corporation

          $82.00

        10. 9.7.10 China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation

          $82.00

        11. 9.7.11 Continental AG

          $82.00

        12. 9.7.12 Etex Group SA

          $229.00

        13. 9.7.13 Fletcher Building Limited

          $108.00

        14. 9.7.14 Grillo-Werke AG

          $82.00

        15. 9.7.15 Icopal A/S

          $132.00

        16. 9.7.16 IKO Group

          $238.00

        17. 9.7.17 Imerys SA

          $87.00

        18. 9.7.18 Index SpA

          $103.00

        19. 9.7.19 Isola as

          $89.00

        20. 9.7.20 Kubota Corporation

          $82.00

        21. 9.7.21 Lafarge SA

          $82.00

        22. 9.7.22 Leier Holding International

          $82.00

        23. 9.7.23 Lemminkainen Oyj

          $82.00

        24. 9.7.24 Monier Group GmbH

          $315.00

        25. 9.7.25 Onduline SA

          $83.00

        26. 9.7.26 Owens Corning

          $158.00

        27. 9.7.27 Polyglass Europa SpA

          $85.00

        28. 9.7.28 Rautaruukki Oyj

          $125.00

        29. 9.7.29 Roser Company Limited

          $82.00

        30. 9.7.30 Saint-Gobain

          $180.00

        31. 9.7.31 Sanko Metal Industrial Company Limited

          $82.00

        32. 9.7.32 Sika AG

          $120.00

        33. 9.7.33 Smidth (FL) & Company A/S

          $82.00

        34. 9.7.34 Soprema SA

          $101.00

        35. 9.7.35 SSAB Svenskt Stal AB

          $84.00

        36. 9.7.36 Tajima Roofing Company Limited

          $82.00

        37. 9.7.37 TAMKO Building Products Incorporated

          $118.00

        38. 9.7.38 Terreal

          $101.00

        39. 9.7.39 Trelleborg AB

          $134.00

        40. 9.7.40 Uralita SA

          $82.00

        41. 9.7.41 Wienerberger Baustoffindustrie AG

          $156.00

      8. 9.8 Additional Industry Participants

        $82.00

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