Study #: 4271 | Published: 05/2022 | Pages: 221 | Individual User License: US$ 5,600

This study analyzes the US market for behind-the-wall plumbing products, which are defined as the pipes and related components of a pipe system used to carry water to and from supply and sewer mains and standpipes. Pipe and fittings visible to the user of a kitchen or bathroom are excluded from the scope of this study, as are the products used outside of a structure (such as water and sewer mains). Pipe and fittings in a basement or crawlspace are included in the scope of this study, even if they are visible and not technically “behind-the-wall”. Sprinkler heads, while also visible, are also included in the scope of this study.

Products covered by the study include:

  • pipe, both plastic and metal:
    • Plastic includes crosslinked polyethylene (PEX), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC), acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS), polypropylene random copolymer (PPR), and other plastic resins.
    • Metal includes copper, galvanized steel, and ductile iron (which is also called “cast iron”.
  • fittings such as:
    • tees, including diverter tees
    • elbows
    • couplings (also called connectors), including adapters, reducers, unions, olets, barbs, nipples, cleanouts, and slip joints
    • pipe supports, including hangers, clamps, struts, clips, and ties
    • other products, such as air eliminators, expansion tanks, traps, wyes, caps, plugs, and manifolds
  • valves include:

 

  • air entrapment
  • antiscald
  • ball
  • butterfly
  • check
  • gate
  • globe
  • needle
  • plug
  • solenoid
  • stop
  • zone

 

  • fire sprinklers (or sprinkler heads), including standard response, quick response, early suppression fast response (ESFR), and residential types

Applications for behind-the-wall plumbing products include:

  • fire suppression systems, including wet pipe, dry pipe, pre-action, and deluge types
  • distribution (the supply of potable water to plumbing fixtures and fittings in kitchens and bathrooms)
  • drain, waste, and vent, or DWV (the carrying of waste streams from plumbing fixtures to sewer lines)
  • radiant flooring systems (networks of pipe and related components used to heat or cool part or all of a structure)

This study only considers radiant flooring systems that use water to heat or cool a space to a desired temperature, as those systems are connected to a structure’s plumbing network.

Markets covered in this study are:

  • commercial buildings, including:
    • institutional buildings (e.g., healthcare and educational facilities, religious establishments)
    • office, trade, and lodging structures (e.g., office buildings, retail establishments, hospitality facilities, warehousing and storage facilities not located on industrial sites, and other commercial structures such as banks and theaters)
    • industrial facilities (e.g., manufacturing plants and associated offices);
    • other nonresidential structures such as airport and bus terminals, recreational buildings, police stations, fire stations, and prisons
  • residential buildings, including:
    • single-family detached houses
    • single-family attached houses (e.g., townhouses)
    • apartment or condominium buildings with multiple dwelling units
    • manufactured homes, which are housing units constructed on a permanent chassis with wheels for on-road transportation to the site at which the unit will be placed

Excluded from the definition of residential buildings are housing units located in structures whose primary purposes are something other than habitation. Thus, a small living space contained in a larger retail facility would be classified as part of a retail building and not a residential building.

Sales of products used in behind-the-wall plumbing are presented in value terms (US dollars) at the manufacturers’ level and in unit terms. Pipe demand is presented in terms of length, while demand for fittings is presented in the number of units sold. Historical data for 2010, 2015, 2019, 2020, and 2021 and forecasts for 2022, 2025, and 2030 are presented for both value and unit demand. The study also identifies leading suppliers in key product segments and discusses factors that affect the marketing and distribution of behind-the-wall plumbing products in the US.


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Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. COVID-19 Pandemic

Overview

Impact on the Economy

Impact on the Construction Industry

Impact on the Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Industry

3. Overview

Study Scope

Historical Trends

Products Overview

Applications Overview

Foreign Trade

Impact of Tariffs

Pricing Patterns

4. Factors Impacting Plumbing Demand

Construction Industry Outlook

Kitchen & Bath Remodeling Activity

Bathrooms & Sinks Per Structure

Shortages of Trained Plumbers

Consumer Trends

Aging in Place Renovation

Home Safety & Security Trends

Home Design Trends

Sustainability Initiatives

Water Conservation Efforts

Recycling & Recycled Content

5. Pipe

Scope & Product Description

Demand by Material

Footage

Market Value

PEX Pipe

Product Description

Demand by Application

Demand by Market

Market Share

PVC Pipe

Product Description

Demand by Application

Demand by Market

Market Share

Other Plastic Pipe

Product Description

Demand by Product

Demand by Application

Demand by Market

Key Suppliers

Copper Pipe

Product Description

Demand by Application

Demand by Market

Market Share

Galvanized Steel Pipe

Product Description

Demand by Application

Demand by Market

Market Share

Ductile Iron Pipe

Product Description

Demand by Application

Demand by Market

Suppliers

6. Fittings

Scope & Product Description

Demand by Type of Fitting

Units

Market Value

Tees

Product Description

Demand by Application

Demand by Market

Demand by Material

Suppliers

Couplings

Scope & Product Description

Demand by Application

Demand by Market

Demand by Material

Suppliers

Elbows

Product Description

Demand by Application

Demand by Market

Demand by Material

Suppliers

Pipe Supports

Product Description

Demand by Application

Demand by Market

Demand by Material

Suppliers

Other Fittings

Product Description

Demand by Product (Traps, Wyes, Caps & Plugs, Manifolds)

Demand by Application

Demand by Market

Demand by Material

Suppliers

7. Valves

Scope & Product Description

Demand by Application

Demand by Market

Market Share

8. Fire Sprinklers

Scope & Product Description

Demand by Market

Units

Market Value

Market Share

9. Fire Suppression Applications

Scope & Description

Products

Demand by Product

Pipe

Fittings

Valves & Sprinklers

Markets

Key Suppliers

10. General Water Distribution Applications

Scope & Description

Products

Demand by Product

Pipe

Fittings & Valves

Markets

Key Suppliers

11. Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems

Scope & Description

Products

Demand by Product

Pipe

Fittings & Valves

Markets

Key Suppliers

12. Radiant Flooring Applications

Scope & Description

Products

Demand by Product

Pipe

Fittings & Valves

Markets

Key Suppliers

13. Markets

Demand by Market

Commercial Buildings

Market Scope

Demand by Application & Project Type

New Construction

Improvement & Repair

Residential Buildings

Market Scope

Demand by Application & Project Type

New Construction

Improvement & Repair

14. Industry Structure

Key Findings & Industry Composition

Market Share

Mergers & Acquisitions

List of Industry Participants

15. Appendix

Report Details

Definitions

Abbreviations

Freedonia Methodology

Study-Specific Methodology

Sources

Associations & Agencies

Related Studies & Reports

Macroeconomic Assumptions

Economic Environment

Demographic Trends

Housing Completions

Housing Stock

Building Construction

Residential Building Construction

Residential Improvements & Repairs

Commercial Building Construction

Commercial Building Improvements & Repairs


List of Tables

2. COVID-19 Pandemic

Table 2-1 | Macroeconomic Indicators, 2019 - 2023 (billion 2012 dollars)

Table 2-2 | Construction Expenditures, 2019 - 2023 (billion 2012 dollars & billion dollars)

Table 2-3 | Annual Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Demand by Product, 2019 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 2-4 | Annual Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Demand by Market, 2019 - 2022 (million dollars)

3. Overview

Table 3-1 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Demand, 2010 - 2021 (million dollars)

Table 3-2 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 3-3 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 3-4 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Supply & Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 3-5 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Pricing, 2010 - 2030 (dollars per foot & dollars per unit)

4. Factors Impacting Plumbing Demand

Table 4-1 | "I Prefer to Age in Place" by Age Group, 2021 (% respondents who agreed, strongly or somewhat)

Table 4-2 | US Population Aged 55+, 2011 - 2031 (percent of total population)

Table 4-3 | Importance of Protecting the Family & Having Safety for Loved Ones, 2015 - 2021 (% of respondents)

Table 4-4 | Consumer Trends in Remodeling Kitchens & Bathrooms, 2015 - 2021 (% of respondents who agree)

Table 4-5 | Selected State-Level Water Efficiency Programs

5. Pipe

Table 5-1 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million feet)

Table 5-2 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million feet & million dollars)

Table 5-3 | PEX Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million feet)

Table 5-4 | PEX Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 5-5 | PVC Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million feet)

Table 5-6 | PVC Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 5-7 | Other Plastic Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million feet)

Table 5-8 | Other Plastic Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 5-9 | Other Plastic Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 5-10 | Copper Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million feet)

Table 5-11 | Copper Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 5-12 | Galvanized Steel Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million feet)

Table 5-13 | Galvanized Steel Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 5-14 | Ductile Iron Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million feet)

Table 5-15 | Ductile Iron Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

6. Fittings

Table 6-1 | Behind-the-Wall Pipe Fitting Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million units)

Table 6-2 | Behind-the-Wall Pipe Fitting Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million units & million dollars)

Table 6-3 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Tee Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million units)

Table 6-4 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Tee Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 6-5 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Tee Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million units)

Table 6-6 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Coupling Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million units)

Table 6-7 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Coupling Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 6-8 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Coupling Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million units)

Table 6-9 | Behind-the-Wall Pipe Elbow Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million units)

Table 6-10 | Behind-the-Wall Pipe Elbow Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 6-11 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Elbow Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million units)

Table 6-12 | Behind-the-Wall Pipe Support Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million units)

Table 6-13 | Behind-the-Wall Pipe Support Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 6-14 | Behind-the-Wall Pipe Support Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million units)

Table 6-15 | Other Behind-the-Wall Pipe Fitting Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million units)

Table 6-16 | Other Behind-the-Wall Pipe Fittings Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million units)

Table 6-17 | Other Behind-the-Wall Pipe Fittings Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 6-18 | Other Behind-the-Wall Pipe Fitting Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million units)

7. Valves

Table 7-1 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Valve Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 7-2 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Valve Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

8. Fire Sprinklers

Table 8-1 | Fire Sprinkler Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million units)

Table 8-2 | Fire Sprinkler Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million units & million dollars)

9. Fire Suppression Applications

Table 9-1 | Fire Suppression System Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 9-2 | Fire Suppression System Pipe Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million feet)

Table 9-3 | Fire Suppression System Pipe Fitting Demand by Type, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 9-4 | Fire Suppression System Valve & Sprinkler Demand by Type, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 9-5 | Fire Suppression System Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

10. General Water Distribution Applications

Table 10-1 | Behind-the-Wall General Water Distribution Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 10-2 | Behind-the-Wall General Water Distribution Pipe Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 10-3 | Behind-the-Wall General Water Distribution Fitting & Valve Demand by Type, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 10-4 | Behind-the-Wall General Water Distribution Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

11. Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems

Table 11-1 | Drain, Waste, & Vent (DWV) System Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 11-2 | Drain, Waste, & Vent Pipe Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million feet)

Table 11-3 | Drain, Waste, & Vent Pipe Fitting & Valve Demand by Type, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 11-4 | Drain, Waste, & Vent System Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

12. Radiant Flooring Applications

Table 12-1 | Radiant Flooring Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 12-2 | Radiant Flooring Pipe Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars & million feet)

Table 12-3 | Radiant Flooring Pipe Fitting & Valve Demand by Type, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 12-4 | Radiant Flooring Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

13. Markets

Table 13-1 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 13-2 | Commercial Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Demand by Application & Project Type, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 13-3 | New Commercial Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 13-4 | Commercial Improvement & Repair: Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 13-5 | Residential Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Demand by Application & Project Type, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 13-6 | New Residential Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Table 13-7 | Residential Improvement & Repair Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

14. Industry Structure

Table 14-1 | US Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Sales by Company, 2020 (million dollars)

Table 14-2 | Selected Mergers & Acquisitions

Table 14-3 | Selected Industry Participants

15. Appendix

Table 15-1 | Relevant Industry Codes

Table 15-2 | Relevant HS/HTS Codes

Table 15-3 | Abbreviations & Acronyms Used in Study

Table 15-4 | Macroeconomic Indicators, 2010 - 2030 (billion 2012 dollars)

Table 15-5 | Population & Households, 2010 - 2030 (million persons)

Table 15-6 | New Housing Indicators, 2010 - 2030 (thousand units)

Table 15-7 | Housing Stock by Type, 2010 - 2030 (million units)

Table 15-8 | Building Construction Expenditures, 2010 - 2030 (billion dollars & billion 2012 dollars)

Table 15-9 | Residential Building Construction Expenditures, 2010 - 2030 (billion dollars & billion 2012 dollars)

Table 15-10 | Residential Improvement & Repair Expenditures, 2010 - 2030 (billion dollars & billion 2012 dollars)

Table 15-11 | Commercial Building Construction Expenditures, 2010 - 2030 (billion dollars & billion 2012 dollars)

Table 15-12 | Commercial Building Improvement & Repair Expenditures, 2010 - 2030 (billion dollars & billion 2012 dollars)


List of Figures

1. Executive Summary

Figure 1-1 | US Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Market

2. COVID-19 Pandemic

Figure 2-1 | Real GDP by Economic Sector, 2020 - 2023 (% annual change)

Figure 2-2 | Annual Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Value Demand by Product, 2019 - 2023 (% annual change)

3. Overview

Figure 3-1 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing: Product Examples

Figure 3-2 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Demand, 2005 - 2021 (million dollars)

Figure 3-3 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Figure 3-4 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Pricing, 2010 - 2025 (dollars per unit)

4. Factors Impacting Plumbing Demand

Figure 4-1 | US Construction Expenditures by Building Type, 2010 - 2030 (billion dollars)

5. Pipe

Figure 5-1 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe: Product Examples

Figure 5-2 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million feet)

Figure 5-3 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Figure 5-4 | Behind-the-Wall PEX Pipe: Advantages & Disadvantages

Figure 5-5 | PEX Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Figure 5-6 | PEX Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Market Share by Company, 2020 (billion dollars)

Figure 5-7 | Behind-the-Wall PVC Pipe: Advantages & Disadvantages

Figure 5-8 | PVC Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Figure 5-9 | PVC Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Market Share by Company, 2020 (million dollars)

Figure 5-10 | Other Behind-the-Wall Plastic Pipe: Product Examples & Characteristics

Figure 5-11 | Other Plastic Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Figure 5-12 | Behind-the-Wall Copper Pipe: Advantages & Disadvantages

Figure 5-13 | Copper Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Market Share by Company, 2020 (billion dollars)

Figure 5-14 | Behind-the-Wall Galvanized Steel Pipe: Advantages & Disadvantages

Figure 5-15 | Galvanized Steel Pipe Demand in Behind-the-Wall Plumbing by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Figure 5-16 | Galvanized Steel Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Market Share by Company, 2020 (billion dollars)

Figure 5-17 | Behind-the-Wall Ductile Iron Pipe: Advantages & Disadvantages

Figure 5-18 | Ductile Iron Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Pipe Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

6. Fittings

Figure 6-1 | Behind-the-Wall Pipe Fittings: Product Examples

Figure 6-2 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Tees: Product Characteristics

Figure 6-3 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Couplings: Product Characteristics

Figure 6-4 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Elbows: Product Characteristics

Figure 6-5 | Behind-the-Wall Pipe Supports: Product Examples

Figure 6-6 | Other Behind-the-Wall Pipe Fittings: Product Examples

7. Valves

Figure 7-1 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Valves: Product Examples

Figure 7-2 | Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Valve Market Share by Company, 2020 (billion dollars)

8. Fire Sprinklers

Figure 8-1 | Fire Sprinklers: Product Examples

Figure 8-2 | Fire Sprinkler Market Share by Company, 2020 (million dollars)

9. Fire Suppression Applications

Figure 9-1 | Fire Suppression Systems Overview

10. General Water Distribution Applications

Figure 10-1 | Behind-the-Wall General Water Distribution Systems: Product Examples

11. Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems

Figure 11-1 | Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems: Product Examples

12. Radiant Flooring Applications

Figure 12-1 | Radiant Flooring System Components

13. Markets

Figure 13-1 | Commercial Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

Figure 13-2 | Residential Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)

14. Industry Structure

Figure 14-1 | US Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Market Share by Company, 2020 (billion dollars)

Figure 14-2 | US Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Market: Leading Supplier, 2020

Figure 14-3 | US Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Market: Second Leading Supplier, 2020

Figure 14-4 | US Behind-the-Wall Plumbing Product Market: Third Leading Supplier, 2020

15. Appendix

Figure 15-1 | Housing Stock: Share by Year of Construction, 2020 (million units)


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