Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings

13th Edition

This study now includes a COVID-19: Market Impact Analysis with an estimated market size for year 2020.

How will the COVID-19 coronavirus impact the global economy? The Freedonia Group is tracking recent developments and analyzing their impact in an easy to follow Economic Impact Tracker.

Plumbing

This study analyzes US demand for plumbing fixtures and fittings by product type, material (for fixtures), market, and region and subregion.

Featuring 95 tables and 48 figures – now available in Excel and Powerpoint! Learn More

Plumbing fixtures covered in this study include:

  • bathtub and shower fixtures (bathtubs, whirlpool bathtubs, shower stalls and receptors, and bathtub and shower surrounds)
  • sink fixtures (lavatories, kitchen sinks, and other sinks – such as those installed in boats RVs, bars, laundry rooms, utility rooms, and washrooms)
  • toilet fixtures (water closet bowls, flush tanks, and urinals)
  • other fixtures (hot tubs and spas, bidets, bottle filling stations, drinking fountains, wash fountains, patient care stations, emergency wash stations, portable chemical toilets, and all other fixtures)

Plumbing fittings covered by the study include:

  • lavatory fittings (two-lever controls, including 4-inch centerset and widespread types; single-lever controls; wall-mount faucets; commercial-grade touchless faucets; and other fittings)
  • bathtub and shower fittings:
    • antiscald valves (pressure-balanced and thermostatic single-lever control valves)
    • single-lever controls
    • showerheads and related fittings (massagers, rainfall showerheads, multiple-head showers, LED showerheads, aromatherapy products)
    • bathtub and showerhead combinations (handheld showerheads that are a part of the bathtub and showerhead combination, tub spouts, two-valve controls, three-valve controls)
    • personal showers (also called handheld showers)
    • other bathtubs and fittings (bathtub fillers, wall-mount faucets or taps, spray units installed independently of the main bathtub or shower fitting)
  • kitchen and other sink fittings:
    • single-lever controls
    • deck faucets (kitchen faucets, bar faucets, faucets for laundry and other utility sinks)
    • miscellaneous sink fittings (wall-mount faucets, single-sink faucets, sink strainers, pot fillers, spray attachments. other sink fittings)
  • other plumbing fittings:
    • lawn and hose fittings (spray guns, sprinkler fittings, flow-switching attachments)
    • flush valves and controls (toilet levers, flappers, float balls, sealant rings, tank balls, seals, seat discs, flapper chains, repair valves)
    • drains and overflows
    • sediment, sill, and other faucets
    • P- and S-traps
    • all other plumbing fittings (escutcheons; mechanical connecting fittings for iron pipes; compression fittings; fire sprinkler heads and related components; hangers, brackets, and supports; spa pumps; plugs and caps; strainers; bidet fittings; drain outlets; drain gates; and fittings not mentioned elsewhere)

Fixture materials discussed in this study include:

  • vitreous china, also referred to as vitrified porcelain
  • plastics (fiberglass, acrylic, cast polymers, other resins such as ABS, polystyrene, and PVC)
  • metal (stainless and porcelain enameled steel, cast iron, and such other metals as brass, copper, aluminum, and titanium)
  • other materials (concrete, wood, natural stone, glass, glazed earthenware, and nonmetal composites)

Market segments are:

  • new residential
  • residential improvement and repair
  • new commercial
  • commercial improvement and repair
  • transportation and other, which focuses on end uses of plumbing products in recreational boats; recreational vehicles; civilian aircraft; other transportation, such as trains and cruise ships; and nonbuilding markets such as parks, playgrounds, and portable comfort stations

The residential market is further segmented by housing type (single-family, multifamily, and manufactured housing), while the commercial market is segmented by building type (office, retail, and lodging; institutional; and industrial and other commercial buildings).

Historical data for 2009, 2014, and 2019 and forecasts for 2024 and 2029 are presented in current dollars (which are not adjusted for inflation) and volume terms (units).

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Purchase Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings by the Section

  1. Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings

    $5,600.00

    1. 1 Executive Summary

      $82.00

      1. Figure 1-1 | US Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings Market Trends

    2. 2 Overview

      $742.00

      1. 2.1 Key Findings

        $82.00

        1. Figure 2-1 | US Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings Market Overview

      2. 2.2 Historical Market Trends

        $190.00

        1. Table | US Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings Market, 2004 – 2019

        2. Figure 2-2 | US Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings Demand, 2005 – 2019

      3. 2.3 Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Type

        $92.00

        1. Table | US Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand, 2009 – 2029

      4. 2.4 Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market

        $130.00

        1. Table | Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Application, 2009 – 2029

      5. 2.5 Manufacturers' Level Plumbing Fixture Pricing Trends

        $134.00

        1. Table | Manufacturers' Level Plumbing Fixture Average Prices, 2009 – 2029

      6. 2.6 Supply & Demand

        $164.00

        1. 2.6.1 Production

          $92.00

          1. Table | US Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Supply & Demand, 2009 – 2029

        2. 2.6.2 Imports & Exports

          $82.00

          1. Figure 2-3 | US Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Imports Share by Country, 2019

        3. 2.6.3 Impact of Tariffs

          $82.00

    3. 3 Key Factors Affecting Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand

      $618.00

      1. 3.1 Building Construction Activity

        $139.00

        1. Table | Building Construction Expenditures, 2009 – 2029

      2. 3.2 Home Kitchen & Bathroom Remodeling

        $124.00

        1. Table | Home Kitchen & Bathroom Remodeling Spending, 2009 – 2029

      3. 3.3 Home Design Trends

        $82.00

      4. 3.4 Water Conservation Efforts

        $210.00

        1. 3.4.1 WaterSense

          $82.00

        2. 3.4.2 LEED

          $82.00

        3. 3.4.3 CALGreen & Other State Efforts

          $158.00

          1. Table | Selected State-Level Water Efficiency Programs

      5. 3.5 Skilled Labor Shortage

        $82.00

      6. 3.6 Plumbing Fixture Installation Costs

        $82.00

        1. Figure 3-1 | Selected Plumbing Fixture Product & Installation Costs, 2019

    4. 4 Plumbing Fixture Types

      $2,551.00

      1. 4.1 Key Findings

        $82.00

        1. Figure 4-1 | Key Trends in Plumbing Fixture Demand

      2. 4.2 Plumbing Fixture Demand by Type

        $151.00

        1. Table | Plumbing Fixture Demand by Type, 2009 – 2029

      3. 4.3 Bathtub & Shower Fixtures

        $794.00

        1. 4.3.1 Demand by Type

          $155.00

          1. Table | Bathtub & Shower Fixture Demand by Type, 2009 – 2029

        2. 4.3.2 Bathtubs

          $165.00

          1. Table | Bathtub Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 4-2 | Bathtub Demand, 2009 – 2024

        3. 4.3.3 Whirlpool Bathtubs

          $146.00

          1. Table | Whirlpool Bathtub Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 4-3 | Whirlpool Bathtub Demand, 2009 – 2024

        4. 4.3.4 Shower Stalls & Receptors

          $164.00

          1. Table | Shower Stall & Receptor Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 4-4 | Shower Stall & Receptor Demand, 2009 – 2024

        5. 4.3.5 Bathtub & Shower Surrounds

          $160.00

          1. Table | Bathtub & Shower Surround Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 4-5 | Bathtub & Shower Surrounds Demand, 2009 – 2024

      4. 4.4 Sink Fixtures

        $572.00

        1. 4.4.1 Demand by Type

          $122.00

          1. Table | Sink Fixture Demand by Type, 2009 – 2029

        2. 4.4.2 Lavatories

          $149.00

          1. Table | Lavatory Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 4-6 | Lavatory Demand, 2009 – 2024

        3. 4.4.3 Kitchen Sinks

          $158.00

          1. Table | Kitchen Sink Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 4-7 | Kitchen Sink Demand, 2009 – 2024

        4. 4.4.4 Other Sinks

          $141.00

          1. Table | Other Sink Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 4-8 | Other Sink Demand, 2009 – 2024

      5. 4.5 Toilet Fixtures

        $519.00

        1. 4.5.1 Demand by Type

          $124.00

          1. Table | Toilet Fixture Demand by Type, 2009 – 2029

        2. 4.5.2 Water Closet Bowls

          $127.00

          1. Table | Water Closet Bowl Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 4-9 | Water Closet Bowl Demand, 2009 – 2024

        3. 4.5.3 Flush Tanks

          $137.00

          1. Table | Flush Tank Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 4-10 | Flush Tank Demand, 2009 – 2024

        4. 4.5.4 Urinals

          $129.00

          1. Table | Urinal Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 4-11 | Urinal Demand, 2009 – 2024

      6. 4.6 Other Fixtures

        $446.00

        1. 4.6.1 Demand by Type

          $103.00

          1. Table | Other Plumbing Fixture Demand by Type, 2009 – 2029

        2. 4.6.2 Hot Tubs & Spas

          $152.00

          1. Table | Hot Tub & Spa Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 4-12 | Hot Tub & Spa Demand, 2009 – 2024

        3. 4.6.3 All Other Fixtures

          $189.00

          1. Table | All Other Plumbing Fixture Demand by Product & Material, 2009 – 2029

      7. 4.7 Market Share

        $82.00

        1. Figure 4-13 | US Plumbing Fixture Market Share by Company, 2019

    5. 5 Plumbing Fixture Materials

      $1,852.00

      1. 5.1 Key Findings

        $82.00

        1. Figure 5-1 | Key Plumbing Fixture Material Trends

      2. 5.2 Plumbing Fixture Demand by Material

        $129.00

        1. Table | Plumbing Fixture Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

      3. 5.3 Vitreous China

        $163.00

        1. Table | Vitreous China Plumbing Fixture Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

      4. 5.4 Plastics

        $752.00

        1. 5.4.1 Demand by Material Type

          $144.00

          1. Table | Plastic Plumbing Fixture Demand by Material, 2009 – 2029

        2. 5.4.2 Cast Polymers

          $130.00

          1. Table | Cast Polymer Plumbing Fixture Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

        3. 5.4.3 Fiberglass

          $132.00

          1. Table | Fiberglass Plumbing Fixture Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

        4. 5.4.4 Acrylic

          $182.00

          1. Table | Acrylic Plumbing Fixture Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

        5. 5.4.5 Other Plastics

          $163.00

          1. Table | Other Plastic Plumbing Fixture Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

      5. 5.5 Metal

        $589.00

        1. 5.5.1 Demand by Metal Type

          $125.00

          1. Table | Metal Plumbing Fixture Demand by Metal Type, 2009 – 2029

        2. 5.5.2 Steel

          $161.00

          1. Table | Steel Plumbing Fixture Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

        3. 5.5.3 Cast Iron

          $153.00

          1. Table | Cast Iron Plumbing Fixture Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

        4. 5.5.4 Other Metals

          $149.00

          1. Table | Other Metal Plumbing Fixture Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

      6. 5.6 Other Materials

        $183.00

        1. Table | Other Materials Plumbing Fixture Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

    6. 6 Plumbing Fitting Types

      $1,303.00

      1. 6.1 Key Findings

        $82.00

        1. Figure 6-1 | Key Trends in Plumbing Fitting Demand

      2. 6.2 Plumbing Fitting Demand by Type

        $87.00

        1. Table | Plumbing Fitting Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

      3. 6.3 Lavatory Fittings

        $208.00

        1. 6.3.1 Demand by Product

          $117.00

          1. Table | Lavatory Fitting Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

        2. 6.3.2 Two-Lever Controls

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-2 | Two-Lever Control Demand, 2009 – 2024

        3. 6.3.3 Single-Lever Controls

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-3 | Single-Lever Control Demand, 2009 – 2024

        4. 6.3.4 Other Lavatory Fittings

          $82.00

      4. 6.4 Bathtub & Shower Fittings

        $362.00

        1. 6.4.1 Demand by Product

          $137.00

          1. Table | Bathtub & Shower Fitting Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

        2. 6.4.2 Antiscald Valves

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-4 | Antiscald Valve Demand, 2009 – 2024

        3. 6.4.3 Single-Lever Controls

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-5 | Single-Lever Control Demand, 2009 – 2024

        4. 6.4.4 Showerheads & Specialty Fittings

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-6 | Showerhead & Specialty Fitting Demand, 2009 – 2024

        5. 6.4.5 Bathtub & Shower Combinations

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-7 | Bathtub & Shower Combination Demand, 2009 – 2024

        6. 6.4.6 Personal Showers

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-8 | Personal Shower Demand, 2009 – 2024

        7. 6.4.7 Other Bathtub & Shower Fittings

          $82.00

      5. 6.5 Kitchen & Other Sink Fittings

        $245.00

        1. 6.5.1 Demand by Product

          $150.00

          1. Table | Kitchen & Other Sink Fitting Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

        2. 6.5.2 Single-Lever Controls

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-9 | Single-Lever Control Demand, 2009 – 2024

        3. 6.5.3 Deck Faucets

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-10 | Deck Faucet Demand, 2009 – 2024

        4. 6.5.4 Miscellaneous Sink Fittings

          $82.00

      6. 6.6 Other Plumbing Fittings

        $332.00

        1. 6.6.1 Demand by Product

          $115.00

          1. Table | Other Plumbing Fitting Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

        2. 6.6.2 Flush Valves & Controls

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-11 | Flush Valves & Controls Demand, 2009 – 2024

        3. 6.6.3 Lawn & Hose Fittings

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-12 | Lawn & Hose Fitting Demand, 2009 – 2024

        4. 6.6.4 Drains & Overflows

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-13 | Drains & Overflow Demand, 2009 – 2024

        5. 6.6.5 Sediment, Sill, & Other Faucets

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-14 | Sediment, Sill, & Other Faucet Demand, 2009 – 2024

        6. 6.6.6 P- & S-Traps

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-15 | P & S Trap Demand, 2009 – 2024

        7. 6.6.7 All Other Plumbing Fittings

          $82.00

      7. 6.7 Market Share

        $82.00

        1. Figure 6-16 | US Plumbing Fittings Market Share by Company, 2019

    7. 7 Residential Markets

      $918.00

      1. 7.1 Key Findings

        $82.00

        1. Figure 7-1 | Key Trends in Residential Plumbing Product Demand

      2. 7.2 Residential Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product

        $174.00

        1. Table | Residential Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

      3. 7.3 Demand by Application

        $347.00

        1. 7.3.1 New vs. Improvement & Repair

          $82.00

          1. Table | Residential Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Application, 2009 – 2029

        2. 7.3.2 New

          $124.00

          1. Table | New Residential Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

        3. 7.3.3 Improvement & Repair

          $148.00

          1. Table | Residential Improvement & Repair Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

      4. 7.4 Housing Types

        $357.00

        1. 7.4.1 Demand by Housing Type

          $82.00

          1. Table | Residential Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Housing Type, 2009 – 2029

        2. 7.4.2 Single-Family

          $89.00

          1. Table | Single-Family Housing Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product & Application, 2009 – 2029

        3. 7.4.3 Multifamily

          $86.00

          1. Table | Multifamily Housing Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product & Application, 2009 – 2029

        4. 7.4.4 Manufactured Housing

          $101.00

          1. Table | Manufactured Housing Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product & Application, 2009 – 2029

    8. 8 Commercial Markets

      $983.00

      1. 8.1 Key Findings

        $82.00

        1. Figure 8-1 | Key Trends in Commercial Plumbing Product Demand

      2. 8.2 Commercial Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product

        $171.00

        1. Table | Commercial Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

      3. 8.3 Demand by Application

        $341.00

        1. 8.3.1 New vs. Improvement & Repair

          $82.00

          1. Table | Commercial Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Application, 2009 – 2029

        2. 8.3.2 New

          $122.00

          1. Table | New Commercial Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand, 2009 – 2029

        3. 8.3.3 Improvement & Repair

          $145.00

          1. Table | Commercial Improvement & Repair Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand, 2009 – 2029

      4. 8.4 Building Types

        $433.00

        1. 8.4.1 Demand by Building Type

          $86.00

          1. Table | Commercial Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Building Type, 2009 – 2029

        2. 8.4.2 Office, Retail, & Lodging

          $89.00

          1. Table | Office, Retail, & Lodging Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product & Application, 2009 – 2029

        3. 8.4.3 Institutional

          $85.00

          1. Table | Institutional Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product & Application, 2009 – 2029

        4. 8.4.4 Industrial

          $83.00

          1. Table | Industrial Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product & Application, 2009 – 2029

        5. 8.4.5 Other Commercial Buildings

          $88.00

          1. Table | Other Commercial Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product & Application, 2009 – 2029

    9. 9 Transportation & Other Markets

      $348.00

      1. 9.1 Key Findings

        $82.00

        1. Figure 9-1 | Key Trends in Transportation & Other Plumbing Product Demand

      2. 9.2 Demand by Product

        $159.00

        1. Table | Transportation & Other Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Product, 2009 – 2029

      3. 9.3 Demand by Application

        $82.00

        1. Table | Transportation & Other Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Application, 2009 – 2029

      4. 9.4 Demand by Vehicle

        $82.00

        1. Table | Transportation & Other Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Vehicle, 2009 – 2029

    10. 10 Regions

      $1,029.00

      1. 10.1 Key Findings

        $82.00

        1. Figure 10-1 | Key Regional Trends in Plumbing Product Demand

      2. 10.2 Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Region & Subregion

        $167.00

        1. Table | Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Region & Subregion, 2009 – 2029

      3. 10.3 Northeast

        $183.00

        1. 10.3.1 New England Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product

          $90.00

          1. Table | New England Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product, 2009 – 2029

        2. 10.3.2 Middle Atlantic Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product

          $92.00

          1. Table | Middle Atlantic Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product, 2009 – 2029

      4. 10.4 Midwest

        $185.00

        1. 10.4.1 East North Central Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product

          $93.00

          1. Table | East North Central Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product, 2009 – 2029

        2. 10.4.2 West North Central Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product

          $91.00

          1. Table | West North Central Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product, 2009 – 2029

      5. 10.5 South

        $278.00

        1. 10.5.1 South Atlantic Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product

          $93.00

          1. Table | South Atlantic Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product, 2009 – 2029

        2. 10.5.2 East South Central Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Application & Product

          $92.00

          1. Table | East South Central Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product, 2009 – 2029

        3. 10.5.3 West South Central Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product

          $93.00

          1. Table | West South Central Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product, 2009 – 2029

      6. 10.6 West

        $181.00

        1. 10.6.1 Mountain Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product

          $88.00

          1. Table | Mountain Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product, 2009 – 2029

        2. 10.6.2 Pacific Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product

          $92.00

          1. Table | Pacific Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Demand by Market & Product, 2009 – 2029

    11. 11 Industry Structure

      $2,016.00

      1. 11.1 Key Findings

        $241.00

        1. Table | US Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Sales by Company, 2019

      2. 11.2 Market Share

        $445.00

        1. Figure 11-1 | US Plumbing Fixture & Fitting Market Share by Company, 2019

        2. Figure 11-2 | US Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings Market: Leading Supplier, 2019

        3. Table | Market Leader: Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings Sold by Business

        4. Figure 11-3 | US Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings Market: Second Leading Supplier, 2019

        5. Table | Second Market Leader: Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings Sold by Business

        6. Figure 11-4 | US Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings Market: Third Leading Supplier, 2019

        7. Table | Third Market Leader: Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings Sold by Business

        8. Figure 11-5 | US Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings Market: Fourth Leading Supplier, 2019

        9. Table | Fourth Market Leader: Plumbing Fixtures & Fittings Sold by Business

      3. 11.3 Competitive Strategies

        $82.00

        1. 11.3.1 Horizontal & Vertical Integration

          $82.00

        2. 11.3.2 Outsourcing

          $82.00

        3. 11.3.3 Marketing

          $82.00

        4. 11.3.4 Focus on High-Growth Markets

          $82.00

      4. 11.4 Mergers & Acquisitions

        $148.00

        1. Table | Selected Mergers & Acquisitions

      5. 11.5 Distribution Channels

        $82.00

      6. 11.6 Industry Participants

        $1,092.00

        1. 11.6.1 Plumbing Fixtures

          $562.00

          1. Table | Selected Industry Participants: Plumbing Fixtures

        2. 11.6.2 Plumbing Fittings

          $526.00

          1. Table | Selected Industry Participants: Plumbing Fittings

    12. 12 Appendix

      $3,262.00

      1. 12.1 Scope

        $528.00

        1. Table | Study Scope: US Geographic Regions & Subregions

        2. Table | Relevant Industry Codes

        3. Table | Relevant HTS Codes

      2. 12.2 Definitions

        $117.00

      3. 12.3 Abbreviations

        $87.00

        1. Table | Abbreviations & Acronyms Used in Study

      4. 12.4 Freedonia Methodology

        $371.00

      5. 12.5 Study-Specific Methodology

        $82.00

      6. 12.6 Sources

        $82.00

      7. 12.7 Associations & Agencies

        $82.00

      8. 12.8 Related Studies & Reports

        $108.00

      9. 12.9 Macroeconomic Assumptions

        $1,960.00

        1. 12.9.1 Economic Environment

          $185.00

          1. Table | Macroeconomic Indicators, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 12-1 | Annual Growth in Real GDP, 2000 – 2019, Compared to 1980 – 2005 Average

        2. 12.9.2 Demographic Trends

          $176.00

          1. Table | Population & Households, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 12-2 | Annual Population Growth, 2004 – 2019

        3. 12.9.3 Consumer Spending

          $152.00

          1. Table | Personal Consumption Expenditures, 2009 – 2029

        4. 12.9.4 Consumer Financing

          $130.00

          1. Table | Consumer Financing Environment, 2009 – 2019

        5. 12.9.5 Residential Building Construction

          $148.00

          1. Table | Residential Building Construction Expenditures, 2009 – 2029

        6. 12.9.6 Housing Completions

          $166.00

          1. Table | New Housing Indicators, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 12-3 | New Housing Square Footage by Housing Type, 2004 – 2019

        7. 12.9.7 Housing Stock

          $101.00

          1. Table | Housing Stock by Type, 2009 – 2029

          2. Figure 12-4 | Housing Stock: Share by Year of Construction, 2019

        8. 12.9.8 Residential Improvements & Repairs

          $99.00

          1. Table | Residential Improvement & Repair Expenditures, 2009 – 2029

        9. 12.9.9 Commercial Building Construction

          $149.00

          1. Table | Commercial Building Construction Expenditures, 2009 – 2029

        10. 12.9.10 Commercial Building Improvements & Repairs

          $85.00

          1. Table | Commercial Building Improvement & Repair Expenditures, 2009 – 2029

        11. 12.9.11 Recreational Boats, Recreational Vehicles, & Commercial Aircraft Shipments

          $566.00

          1. Table | Recreational Boats, Recreational Vehicles, & Civilian Aircraft Shipments, 2009 – 2029

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