Proppants in North America

Demand for proppants will decelerate from the extremely rapid growth posted between 2004 and 2014 and future gains will result primarily from increases in proppant loadings in unconventional wells.

North American demand to rise 7.6% annually through 2019

Demand for proppants in North America is forecast to increase 7.6 percent annually through 2019 to 162 billion pounds, valued at $8.2 billion. With oil and gas prices expected to remain subdued in the near term, demand for proppants will decelerate from the extremely rapid growth posted between 2004 and 2014 and future gains will result primarily from increases in proppant loadings in unconventional well completions.

Improved drilling efficiency to boost proppant demand

Two key trends have driven explosive growth in proppant demand in recent years: the widespread adoption of unconventional oil and gas drilling activity across North America and a shift toward much larger hydraulic fracturing treatments using ever greater volumes of proppants. While unconventional oil and gas drilling began in just a few locations, the practice has spread to a number of major tight and shale plays throughout the US and Canada. Despite an expected low pricing environment for oil and gas, growth in the proppant market will be supported by improvements in drilling efficiency and reductions in other aspects of well completion costs as companies seek new opportunities in order to best balance production and investment.

Proppant loadings to rise

In addition to growth in unconventional drilling and completion activity, dramatic increases in the volume of proppants used per well have also supported rising proppant demand and a changing product mix. As oil and gas companies have gained experience in optimizing hydraulic fracturing design, they have increasingly shifted away from premium resin coated sand and ceramic proppants toward using much larger volumes of raw frac sand. This trend is expected to continue, providing a significant boost to volume demand while holding back gains in average prices.

Drilling activity in liquids-rich unconventional plays is expected to be constrained by low oil prices through 2019, with export opportunities for natural gas providing some incentive to drilling in gas bearing formations. Even though overall completion activity will be held back by the low oil and gas price environment that is expected to persist for several years, improvements in drilling efficiency and falling well costs will allow for modest increases nonetheless. Oil and gas companies have seen remarkable increases in both the speed at which horizontal wells can be drilled and the productivity of these wells following hydraulic fracturing. In large part, well productivity has increased as a direct result of the use of greater volumes of proppants in fracturing operations.

Study coverage

This Freedonia industry study analyzes the 112.2 billion pound proppant industry in the United States and Canada. It presents historical demand data (2004, 2009 and 2014) and forecasts (2019 and 2024) by type (e.g., raw frac sand, resin coated sand, ceramic), region (e.g,. Southern, Midwestern, Eastern, Western) and state/province. The study also considers market environment factors, details industry structure, evaluates company market share, and profiles 24 industry players, including Fairmount Santrol, CARBO Ceramics, and Unimin

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Purchase Proppants in North America by the Section

  1. Proppants in North America

    $5,300.00

    1. 1 INTRODUCTION

      $136.00

    2. 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

      $177.00

      1. Table | NORTH AMERICAN PROPPANT DEMAND

    3. 3 MARKET ENVIRONMENT

      $3,256.00

      1. 3.1 General

        $198.00

      2. 3.2 Macroeconomic Environment

        $245.00

        1. Table | MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS BY COUNTRY

        2. 3.2.1 United States

          $91.00

        3. 3.2.2 Canada

          $90.00

      3. 3.3 Demographic Overview

        $149.00

        1. Table | POPULATION & HOUSEHOLDS

      4. 3.4 Petroleum & Natural Gas Overview

        $156.00

        1. Table | OIL & GAS PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION

      5. 3.5 Upstream Oil & Gas Activity

        $187.00

        1. Table | UPSTREAM OIL & GAS ACTIVITY INDICATORS

      6. 3.6 Petroleum Market Overview

        $387.00

        1. Table | CRUDE OIL & LIQUIDS SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 3.6.1 Production & Consumption

          $237.00

        3. 3.6.2 Pricing

          $99.00

          1. CHART II-1 CRUDE OIL SPOT PRICES, 2004-2014

      7. 3.7 Natural Gas Market Overview

        $388.00

        1. Table | NATURAL GAS SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 3.7.1 Production

          $146.00

        3. 3.7.2 Pricing

          $92.00

          1. CHART II-2 NATURAL GAS SPOT PRICES, 2004-2014

      8. 3.8 World Oil & Gas Outlook

        $1,225.00

        1. 3.8.1 World Petroleum Outlook

          $664.00

          1. Table | WORLD CRUDE OIL PROVED RESERVES BY COUNTRY, 2014

          2. Table | WORLD CRUDE OIL FIELD PRODUCTION BY REGION

          3. CHART II-3 WORLD CRUDE OIL FIELD PRODUCTION BY REGION, 2014

        2. 3.8.2 World Natural Gas Outlook

          $398.00

          1. Table | WORLD NATURAL GAS PROVED RESERVES BY COUNTRY, 2014

      9. 3.9 Environmental & Regulatory Considerations

        $189.00

      10. 3.10 International Activity

        $131.00

    4. 4 TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW

      $999.00

      1. 4.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 4.2 Well Drilling & Completion

        $298.00

        1. 4.2.1 Horizontal Drilling

          $132.00

        2. 4.2.2 Well Completion

          $99.00

      3. 4.3 Hydraulic Fracturing

        $384.00

        1. 4.3.1 Multistage Fracturing

          $82.00

        2. 4.3.2 Refracturing

          $82.00

        3. 4.3.3 Proppant Technology

          $101.00

      4. 4.4 Unconventional Resource Development

        $257.00

        1. 4.4.1 Tight Oil

          $87.00

        2. 4.4.2 Shale Gas

          $82.00

        3. 4.4.3 Coalbed Methane

          $82.00

    5. 5 PROPPANT SUPPLY & DEMAND

      $1,731.00

      1. 5.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 5.2 Capacity & Production

        $129.00

      3. 5.3 Trade

        $113.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICAN PROPPANT TRADE

      4. 5.4 Demand by Type

        $1,254.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICAN PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

        2. 5.4.1 Raw Frac Sand

          $437.00

          1. Table | NORTH AMERICAN RAW FRAC SAND DEMAND BY COUNTRY

          2. CHART IV-1 RAW FRAC SAND DEMAND BY TYPE, 2014

        3. 5.4.2 Resin Coated Sand

          $155.00

          1. Table | NORTH AMERICAN RESIN COATED SAND DEMAND BY COUNTRY

        4. 5.4.3 Ceramic

          $383.00

          1. Table | NORTH AMERICAN CERAMIC PROPPANT DEMAND BY COUNTRY & TYPE

        5. 5.4.4 Other Proppants

          $86.00

      5. 5.5 Proppant Pricing

        $181.00

        1. Table | SELECTED PROPPANT PRICING

    6. 6 REGIONAL PROPPANT MARKETS

      $4,169.00

      1. 6.1 General

        $83.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICAN PROPPANT DEMAND BY COUNTRY

        2. CHART V-1 NORTH AMERICAN PROPPANT DEMAND VOLUME GROWTH, 2014-2019

      2. 6.2 United States

        $3,477.00

        1. Table | UNITED STATES: KEY INDICATORS FOR PROPPANT DEMAND

        2. 6.2.1 United States: Proppant Demand

          $102.00

          1. Table | UNITED STATES: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE & REGION

          2. CHART V-2 UNITED STATES: PROPPANT DEMAND BY REGION, 2014

        3. 6.2.2 Southern Region

          $889.00

          1. Table | SOUTHERN REGION: KEY INDICATORS FOR PROPPANT DEMAND

          2. Table | SOUTHERN REGION: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE & STATE

          3. Table | TEXAS: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          4. CHART V-3 TEXAS: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          5. Table | LOUISIANA: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          6. CHART V-4 LOUISIANA: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          7. Table | ARKANSAS: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          8. CHART V-5 ARKANSAS: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          9. Table | NEW MEXICO: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          10. CHART V-6 NEW MEXICO: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          11. Table | OTHER SOUTHERN REGION: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          12. CHART V-7 OTHER SOUTHERN REGION: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

        4. 6.2.3 Midwestern Region

          $882.00

          1. Table | MIDWESTERN REGION: KEY INDICATORS FOR PROPPANT DEMAND

          2. Table | MIDWESTERN REGION: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE & STATE

          3. Table | NORTH DAKOTA: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          4. CHART V-8 NORTH DAKOTA: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          5. Table | OKLAHOMA: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          6. CHART V-9 OKLAHOMA: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          7. Table | OHIO: PROPPANT DEMAND

          8. CHART V-10 OHIO: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          9. Table | KANSAS: PROPPANT DEMAND

          10. CHART V-11 KANSAS: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          11. Table | OTHER MIDWESTERN REGION: PROPPANT DEMAND

          12. CHART V-12 OTHER MIDWESTERN REGION: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

        5. 6.2.4 Eastern Region

          $492.00

          1. Table | EASTERN REGION: KEY INDICATORS FOR PROPPANT DEMAND

          2. Table | EASTERN REGION: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE & STATE

          3. Table | PENNSYLVANIA: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          4. CHART V-13 PENNSYLVANIA: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          5. Table | WEST VIRGINIA & OTHER EASTERN REGION: PROPPANT DEMAND

          6. CHART V-14 WEST VIRGINIA & OTHER EASTERN REGION: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

        6. 6.2.5 Western Region

          $870.00

          1. Table | WESTERN REGION: KEY INDICATORS FOR PROPPANT DEMAND

          2. Table | WESTERN REGION: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE & STATE

          3. Table | COLORADO: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          4. CHART V-15 COLORADO: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          5. Table | WYOMING: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          6. CHART V-16 WYOMING: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          7. Table | MONTANA: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          8. CHART V-17 MONTANA: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          9. Table | UTAH: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          10. CHART V-18 UTAH: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          11. Table | OTHER WESTERN STATES: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          12. CHART V-19 OTHER WESTERN STATES: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

      3. 6.3 Canada

        $607.00

        1. 6.3.1 Canada: Market Environment

          $157.00

          1. Table | CANADA: KEY INDICATORS FOR PROPPANT DEMAND

        2. 6.3.2 Canada: Proppant Demand

          $417.00

          1. Table | CANADA: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE & REGION

          2. Table | ALBERTA: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          3. CHART V-20 ALBERTA: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

          4. Table | OTHER CANADA: PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          5. CHART V-21 OTHER CANADA: PROPPANT DEMAND, 2004-2014

    7. 7 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

      $4,389.00

      1. 7.1 General

        $105.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICAN PROPPANT SALES BY COMPANY, 2014

      2. 7.2 Market Share

        $638.00

        1. CHART VI-1 NORTH AMERICAN PROPPANT MARKET SHARE, 2014

        2. 7.2.1 Raw Sand Proppant Market Share

          $208.00

          1. CHART VI-2 NORTH AMERICAN RAW SAND PROPPANT MARKET SHARE, 2014

        3. 7.2.2 Resin Coated Sand Market Share

          $149.00

          1. CHART VI-3 NORTH AMERICAN RESIN COATED SAND MARKET SHARE, 2014

        4. 7.2.3 Ceramic Proppant Market Share

          $207.00

          1. CHART VI-4 NORTH AMERICAN CERAMIC PROPPANT MARKET SHARE BY COMPANY, 2014

      3. 7.3 Industry Restructuring

        $117.00

        1. Table | SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES

      4. 7.4 Competitive Strategies

        $156.00

      5. 7.5 Cooperative Agreements

        $120.00

        1. Table | SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS

      6. 7.6 Transportation & Logistics

        $125.00

      7. 7.7 Research & Development

        $103.00

      8. 7.8 Company Profiles

        $3,024.00

        1. 7.8.1 Badger Mining Corporation

          $126.00

        2. 7.8.2 Baker Hughes Incorporated

          $124.00

        3. 7.8.3 CARBO Ceramics Incorporated

          $282.00

        4. 7.8.4 Emerge Energy Services LP

          $294.00

        5. 7.8.5 EOG Resources Incorporated

          $82.00

        6. 7.8.6 Erna Frac Sand LC

          $82.00

        7. 7.8.7 Fairmount Santrol Incorporated

          $247.00

        8. 7.8.8 flexFrac Proppant Sand Suppliers LLC

          $82.00

        9. 7.8.9 Fores Limited

          $82.00

        10. 7.8.10 FTS International Services LLC

          $82.00

        11. 7.8.11 Halliburton Company

          $100.00

        12. 7.8.12 Hexion Incorporated

          $178.00

        13. 7.8.13 Hi-Crush Partners LP

          $190.00

        14. 7.8.14 Imerys SA

          $117.00

        15. 7.8.15 Messina Incorporated

          $96.00

        16. 7.8.16 Mineraçã o Curimbaba Limitada

          $89.00

        17. 7.8.17 Pattison Sand Company LLC

          $82.00

        18. 7.8.18 Pioneer Natural Resources Company

          $82.00

        19. 7.8.19 Preferred Sands LLC

          $107.00

        20. 7.8.20 Saint-Gobain

          $172.00

        21. 7.8.21 SCR-Sibelco NV

          $131.00

        22. 7.8.22 Sierra Frac Sand LLC

          $82.00

        23. 7.8.23 Texas Silica LLC

          $82.00

        24. 7.8.24 US Silica Holdings Incorporated

          $220.00

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