Study #: 3774 | Published: 02/2020 | Pages: 252 | Individual User License: US$ 5,800

Demand for single-use foodservice products in the United States is forecast to increase 3.4% annually to $24.4 billion in 2023. Opportunities exist for products that:

  • include features such as tamper-evidence, improved seals, and better insulation, as the popularity of food delivery continues to expand
  • enable food and beverages to be consumed with one hand or held securely in vehicle cup holders due to the continuing trend of on-the-go eating
  • come in smaller sizes, have closures that can be resealed, or are made of materials that can be reheated, as these features facilitate snacking throughout the day
  • are made from higher-value renewably sourced, recyclable, and compostable materials or have higher post-consumer recycled content, as these materials are considered to be more sustainable

Takeout & Delivery Account for Expanding Share of Meals Served with Single-Use Products

Consumers of all ages are spending a growing portion of their food dollars on prepared meals that are consumed away from the foodservice outlet via carryout, drive-thru, or delivery. This trend has been aided by the ability to order by app ahead of time and the expansion of third-party delivery firms, which are enabling an expanding variety of foodservice outlets to offer these services.

The rise of delivery firms such as Grubhub and DoorDash have had the most significant effect on full service and fast casual restaurants, as:

  • takeout meals had previously accounted for only a small portion of their sales
  • they frequently relied on reusable serviceware for dine-in orders

As delivery via these services increases in popularity, full service and fast casual will become more significant markets for single-use foodservice products of all kinds.

Sustainability Benefits Paper & Alternative Materials, but Plastic Remains Popular

Consumers have grown increasingly concerned over the sustainability of food and beverage packaging and single-use products, while regulators and legislative bodies have sought to limit the use of certain disposables (e.g., plastic straws and foam cups and containers). This has prompted a shift from plastic, which is generally seen as less environmentally friendly, to paper and other alternatives such as molded pulp, which are perceived as being more sustainable.


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Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Overview

Key Findings

Study Scope

Historical Market Trends

Demand by Product

Pricing Trends

International Trade & Global Trends

Regulatory Environment

Local Regulations: Polystyrene Foam Foodservice Container Bans

Local Regulations: Plastic Bag Bans

Local Regulations: Plastic Straw Bans

State Regulations

Federal Regulations

3. Factors Affecting Demand

Key Findings

Foodservice Revenues by Establishment Type

Consumer Insights

Consumer Insights: Environmental Attitudes

Consumer Insights: Packaging & Serviceware in Foodservice

Consumer Insights: Foodservice Dining Habits

Consumer Insights: Straws

Growth in Carry-Out & Delivery

Sustainability Initiatives

4. Markets

Key Findings

Demand by Market

Quick Service Restaurants (QSR)

Quick Service Restaurants: Demand by Product

Quick Service Restaurants: Product Trends

Quick Service Restaurants: Materials Competition

Full Service Restaurants, Cafeterias, & Bars

Full Service Restaurants, Cafeterias, & Bars: Demand by Product

Full Service Restaurants, Cafeterias, & Bars: Product Trends

Full Service Restaurants, Cafeterias, & Bars: Materials Competition

Coffee & Snack Shops

Coffee & Snack Shops: Demand by Product

Coffee & Snack Shops: Product Trends

Coffee & Snack Shops: Materials Competition

Fast Casual Restaurants

Fast Casual Restaurants: Demand by Product

Fast Casual Restaurants: Product Trends

Fast Casual Restaurants: Materials Competition

Retail Establishments: Grocery & Convenience Stores, Vending & Other

Retail Establishments: Demand by Product

Retail Establishments: Product Trends

Retail Establishments: Materials Competition

Institutional

Institutional: Demand by Product

Institutional: Product Trends

Institutional: Materials Competition

Lodging & Hospitality

Lodging & Hospitality: Demand by Product

Lodging & Hospitality: Product Trends

Sports & Recreation

Sports & Recreation: Demand by Product

Sports & Recreation: Product Trends

Sports & Recreation: Materials Competition

Other Foodservice Establishments

Other Foodservice Establishments: Demand by Product

Other Foodservice Establishments: Product Trends

5. Materials Competition

Key Findings

Demand by Material

Plastic Products

Demand by Type

Rigid Plastic

Foam Plastic

Flexible Plastic

Paper & Paperboard Products

Aluminum

Alternative Materials (Wood & Bamboo, Bagasse, Molded Pulp, Bioplastics)

6. Foodservice Containers & Lids

Key Findings

Foodservice Containers & Lids: Scope

Foodservice Containers & Lids: Demand by Type

Boxes & Cartons

Boxes & Cartons: Scope

Boxes & Cartons: Demand by Box Type

Pizza Boxes

French Fry Cartons

Doughnut Boxes

Other Boxes & Cartons

Boxes & Cartons: Suppliers

Clamshells

Clamshells: Scope

Clamshells: Demand by Type

Foam Clamshells

Rigid Plastic Clamshells

Corrugated & Paperboard Clamshells

Alternative Material Clamshells (Molded Pulp, Bagasse, Bioplastic)

Clamshells: Suppliers

Plastic Containers

Container Lids

Paper Cups, Buckets, & Pails

Food Trays

Foil Containers

Foam Containers

Foodservice Containers: Suppliers

Foodservice Containers: Market Share

7. Foodservice Cups, Lids, & Sleeves

Key Findings

Foodservice Cups, Lids, & Sleeves: Scope

Foodservice Cups, Lids, & Sleeves: Demand by Type

Beverage Cups

Cup Lids

Portion Cups

Cup Sleeves

Cups & Cup Sleeves: Market Share

8. Flexible Foodservice Packaging

Key Findings

Flexible Foodservice Packaging: Scope

Foodservice Flexible Packaging: Demand by Type

Bags

Bags: Demand by Type

Bags: Suppliers

Wraps

Wraps: Demand by Type

Wraps: Suppliers

Foodservice Flexible Packaging: Market Share

9. Foodservice Serviceware

Key Findings

Foodservice Serviceware: Scope

Foodservice Serviceware: Demand by Type

Dinnerware

Dinnerware: Demand by Product

Dinnerware: Suppliers

Napkins

Napkins: Demand Outlook

Napkins: Suppliers

Utensils

Utensils: Scope

Utensils: Demand by Product

Cutlery

Straws & Stirrers

Chopsticks

Utensils: Suppliers

Trays & Carriers

Serviceware Lids

Moist Towelettes

Other Foodservice Serviceware

Foodservice Serviceware: Market Share

10. Industry Structure

Key Findings & Industry Composition

Market Share

Mergers & Acquisitions

Competitive Strategies

Marketing & Distribution

List of Industry Participants

11. Appendix

Scope

Foodservice Single-Use Packaging Organizational Tree

Foodservice Single-Use Packaging: Additional Scope Images

Definitions

Abbreviations

Freedonia Methodology

Study-Specific Methodology

Sources

Associations & Agencies

Related Studies

Macroeconomic Assumptions

Economic Environment

Demographic Trends

Consumer Spending


List of Tables

2. Overview

Table 2-1 | Foodservice Single-Use Product Market, 2008 - 2018

Table 2-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand by Type, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 2-3 | Foodservice Single-Use Products: Selected Prices, 2008 - 2023 (cents per unit)

3. Factors Affecting Demand

Table 3-1 | Foodservice Revenues by Establishment Type, 2008 - 2023 (billion dollars)

Table 3-2 | Consumer Attitudes on Recycling & Environmental Responsibility, 2019 (percent of total respondents)

Table 3-3 | Consumer Attitudes on Recycling Packaging & Single-Use Plastics, 2019 (% of respondents who responded that they strongly agreed or somewhat agreed with these statements)

Table 3-4 | Consumer Attitudes About Packaging & Serviceware Used in Foodservice, 2019 (% of respondents who responded that they strongly agreed or somewhat agreed with these statements)

Table 3-5 | Consumer Attitudes About Foodservice Dining, 2019 (% of respondents who responded that they strongly agreed or somewhat agreed with these statements)

Table 3-6 | Consumer Attitudes About Purchasing Coffee On-the-Go & Fast Food Dining, 2019 (% of respondents)

Table 3-7 | Consumer Frequency of Dining at Fast Food Restaurants in the Last 30 Days, 2019 (% of respondents)

Table 3-8 | Consumer Attitudes About Disposable & Reusable Straws & Straw Regulations (% of respondents who responded that they strongly agreed or somewhat agreed with these statements)

4. Markets

Table 4-1 | Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand by Market, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-2 | Quick Service Restaurant Market for Foodservice Single-Use Products, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-3 | Quick Service Restaurant Market for Foodservice Single-Use Containers, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-4 | Quick Service Restaurant Market for Foodservice Single-Use Cups & Sleeves, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-5 | Quick Service Restaurant Market for Foodservice Single-Use Flexible Packaging, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-6 | Quick Service Restaurant Market for Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-7 | Full Service Restaurant, Cafeteria, & Bar Market for Foodservice Single-Use Products, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-8 | Full Service Restaurant, Cafeteria, & Bar Market for Foodservice Single-Use Containers, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-9 | Full Service Restaurant, Cafeteria, & Bar Market for Foodservice Single-Use Cups & Sleeves, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-10 | Full Service Restaurant, Cafeteria, & Bar Market for Foodservice Single-Use Flexible Packaging, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-11 | Full Service Restaurant, Cafeteria, & Bar Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-12 | Coffee & Snack Shop Market for Foodservice Single-Use Products, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-13 | Coffee & Snack Shop Market for Foodservice Single-Use Containers, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-14 | Coffee & Snack Shop Market for Foodservice Single-Use Cups & Sleeves, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-15 | Coffee & Snack Shop Market for Foodservice Single-Use Flexible Packaging, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-16 | Coffee & Snack Shop Market for Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-17 | Fast Casual Restaurant Market for Foodservice Single-Use Products, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-18 | Fast Casual Restaurant Market for Foodservice Single-Use Containers, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-19 | Fast Casual Restaurant Market for Foodservice Single-Use Cups & Sleeves, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-20 | Fast Casual Restaurant Market for Foodservice Single-Use Flexible Packaging, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-21 | Fast Casual Restaurant Market for Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-22 | Retail Establishment Market for Foodservice Single-Use Products, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-23 | Retail Establishment Market for Foodservice Single-Use Containers, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-24 | Retail Establishment Market for Foodservice Single-Use Cups & Sleeves, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-25 | Retail Establishment Market for Foodservice Single-Use Flexible Packaging, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-26 | Retail Establishment Market for Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-27 | Institutional Market for Foodservice Single-Use Products, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-28 | Institutional Market for Foodservice Single-Use Containers, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-29 | Institutional Market for Foodservice Single-Use Cups & Sleeves, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-30 | Institutional Market for Foodservice Single-Use Flexible Packaging, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-31 | Institutional Market for Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-32 | Lodging & Hospitality Market for Foodservice Single-Use Products, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-33 | Lodging & Hospitality Market for Foodservice Single-Use Containers, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-34 | Lodging & Hospitality Market for Foodservice Single-Use Cups & Sleeves, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-35 | Lodging & Hospitality Market for Foodservice Single-Use Flexible Packaging, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-36 | Lodging & Hospitality Market for Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-37 | Sports & Recreation Market for Foodservice Single-Use Products, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-38 | Sports & Recreation Market for Foodservice Single-Use Containers, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-39 | Sports & Recreation Market for Foodservice Single-Use Cups & Sleeves, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-40 | Sports & Recreation Market for Foodservice Single-Use Flexible Packaging, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-41 | Sports & Recreation Market for Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-42 | Other Markets for Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-43 | Other Foodservice Markets for Single-Use Containers, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-44 | Other Foodservice Markets for Single-Use Cups & Sleeves, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-45 | Other Foodservice Markets for Single-Use Flexible Packaging, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 4-46 | Other Foodservice Markets for Single-Use Serviceware, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

5. Materials Competition

Table 5-1 | Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand by Material, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 5-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Plastic Product Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 5-3 | Rigid Plastic Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 5-4 | Foam Plastic Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 5-5 | Flexible Plastic Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 5-6 | Paper & Paperboard Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 5-7 | Aluminum Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 5-8 | Alternative Material Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

6. Foodservice Containers & Lids

Table 6-1 | Foodservice Single-Use Container & Lid Demand by Type, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 6-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Box & Carton Demand by Type, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 6-3 | Single-Use Foodservice Packaging: Selected Corrugated & Paperboard Box Suppliers & Products

Table 6-4 | Foodservice Single-Use Clamshell Demand by Material, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 6-5 | Single-Use Foodservice Packaging: Selected Clamshell Suppliers & Materials

Table 6-6 | Foodservice Single-Use Plastic Container Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 6-7 | Foodservice Single-Use Container Lid Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 6-8 | Foodservice Single-Use Paper Cup, Bucket, & Pail Demand by Market, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 6-9 | Foodservice Single-Use Food Tray Demand by Market, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 6-10 | Foodservice Single-Use Foil Container Demand by Market, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 6-11 | Foodservice Single-Use Foam Container Demand by Market, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 6-12 | Single-Use Foodservice Packaging: Selected Other Foodservice Container Suppliers & Materials

7. Foodservice Cups, Lids, & Sleeves

Table 7-1 | Foodservice Single-Use Cup, Lid, & Sleeve Demand by Product, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 7-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Beverage Cup Demand by Type & Material, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 7-3 | Foodservice Single-Use Cup Lid Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 7-4 | Foodservice Single-Use Portion Cup Demand by Material, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 7-5 | Foodservice Single-Use Cup Sleeve Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

8. Flexible Foodservice Packaging

Table 8-1 | Foodservice Single-Use Flexible Packaging Demand by Type, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 8-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Bag Demand by Type, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 8-3 | Single-Use Foodservice Packaging: Selected Bag Suppliers & Materials

Table 8-4 | Foodservice Single-Use Wrap Demand by Type, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 8-5 | Single-Use Foodservice Packaging: Selected Wrap Suppliers & Products

9. Foodservice Serviceware

Table 9-1 | Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware Demand by Product, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

Table 9-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Dinnerware Demand by Material, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 9-3 | Single-Use Foodservice Serviceware & Other Products: Selected Dinnerware Suppliers & Products

Table 9-4 | Foodservice Single-Use Napkin Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 9-5 | Single-Use Foodservice Serviceware & Other Products: Selected Napkin Suppliers & Products

Table 9-6 | Foodservice Single-Use Utensil Demand by Product, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 9-7 | Single-Use Foodservice Serviceware & Other Products: Selected Utensil Suppliers & Products

Table 9-8 | Foodservice Single-Use Tray & Carrier Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 9-9 | Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware Lid Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 9-10 | Foodservice Moist Towelette Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars & billion units)

Table 9-11 | Other Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware Demand, 2008 - 2023 (million dollars)

10. Industry Structure

Table 10-1 | US Foodservice Single-Use Product Sales by Company, 2018 (million dollars)

Table 10-2 | Selected Mergers & Acquisitions

Table 10-3 | Selected Cooperative Agreements

Table 10-4 | Other Competitive Strategies

Table 10-5 | Selected Industry Participants

11. Appendix

Table 11-1 | Relevant Industry Codes

Table 11-2 | Abbreviations

Table 11-3 | Macroeconomic Indicators, 2008 - 2023 (billion 2012 dollars & billion dollars)

Table 11-4 | Population & Households, 2008 - 2023 (million persons)

Table 11-5 | Personal Consumption Expenditures, 2008 - 2023 (billion dollars & billion 2012 dollars)


List of Figures

1. Executive Summary

Figure 1-1 | US Foodservice Single-Use Products Overview

2. Overview

Figure 2-1 | Key Trends in the Foodservice Single-Use Products Market

Figure 2-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Packaging Organizational Tree with Market Size (dollars)

Figure 2-3 | Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand, 2008 - 2018 (million dollars)

Figure 2-4 | Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand by Type, 2018 - 2023 (million dollars)

3. Factors Affecting Demand

Figure 3-1 | Foodservice Industry Key Trends

4. Markets

Figure 4-1 | Key Trends in Markets for Foodservice Single-Use Products

Figure 4-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand by Market, 2018 - 2023 (million dollars)

5. Materials Competition

Figure 5-1 | Foodservice Single-Use Products: Key Materials Trends

Figure 5-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Product Demand by Material, 2018 - 2023 (million dollars)

Figure 5-3 | Temperature Guide for Common Single-Use Foodservice Materials

Figure 5-4 | Foodservice Single-Use Products: Common Plastic Resin Characteristics

6. Foodservice Containers & Lids

Figure 6-1 | Key Trends in Foodservice Single-Use Containers & Lids

Figure 6-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Containers & Lids Scope by Image

Figure 6-3 | Foodservice Container Demand Share by Type, 2018 (million dollars & billion units)

Figure 6-4 | Foodservice Single-Use Boxes & Cartons: Scope by Image

Figure 6-5 | Foodservice Single-Use Box & Carton Demand by Product, 2018 - 2023 (million dollars)

Figure 6-6 | Foodservice Single-Use Clamshells: Scope by Image

Figure 6-7 | Foodservice Single-Use Clamshell Demand by Material, 2018 - 2023 (million dollars)

Figure 6-8 | Foodservice Single-Use Container Market Share by Company, 2018 (billion dollars)

7. Foodservice Cups, Lids, & Sleeves

Figure 7-1 | Key Trends in Foodservice Single-Use Cups, Lids, & Sleeves

Figure 7-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Cups, Sleeves, & Lids: Scope by Image

Figure 7-3 | Foodservice Single-Use Cup, Lid, & Sleeve Demand Share by Type, 2018 (million dollars & billion units)

Figure 7-4 | Foodservice Single-Use Cup, Lid, & Sleeve Demand by Product, 2018 - 2023 (million dollars)

Figure 7-5 | Foodservice Single-Use Beverage Cup Demand by Material, 2018 - 2023 (million dollars)

Figure 7-6 | Foodservice Single-Use Cup & Cup Sleeve Market Share by Company, 2018 (billion dollars)

8. Flexible Foodservice Packaging

Figure 8-1 | Key Trends in Foodservice Single-Use Flexible Packaging Products

Figure 8-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Flexible Packaging: Scope by Image

Figure 8-3 | Flexible Foodservice Single-Use Packaging Market Share by Company, 2018 (billion dollars)

9. Foodservice Serviceware

Figure 9-1 | Key Trends in Single-Use Foodservice Serviceware

Figure 9-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware: Scope by Image

Figure 9-3 | Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware Demand by Product, 2018 - 2023 (million dollars)

Figure 9-4 | Foodservice Single-Use Utensils: Scope by Image

Figure 9-5 | Other Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware: Scope by Image

Figure 9-6 | Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware Market Share by Company, 2018 (billion dollars)

10. Industry Structure

Figure 10-1 | US Foodservice Single-Use Product Market Share by Company, 2018 (billion dollars)

Figure 10-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Products: First Leading Supplier, 2018

Figure 10-3 | Foodservice Single-Use Products: Second Leading Supplier, 2018

Figure 10-4 | Foodservice Single-Use Products: Third Leading Supplier, 2018

Figure 10-5 | Foodservice Single-Use Products: Fourth Leading Supplier, 2018

11. Appendix

Figure 11-1 | Foodservice Single-Use Containers & Lids: Scope by Image

Figure 11-2 | Foodservice Single-Use Cups, Sleeves, & Lids: Scope by Image

Figure 11-3 | Foodservice Single-Use Flexible Packaging: Scope by Image

Figure 11-4 | Foodservice Serviceware: Scope by Image

Figure 11-5 | Foodservice Single-Use Packaging Organizational Tree

Figure 11-6 | Foodservice Single-Use Boxes & Cartons: Scope by Image

Figure 11-7 | Foodservice Single-Use Clamshells: Scope by Image

Figure 11-8 | Foodservice Single-use Utensils: Scope by Image

Figure 11-9 | Other Foodservice Single-Use Serviceware: Scope by Image

Figure 11-10 | Annual Growth in Real GDP, 2000 - 2018, Compared to 1980 - 2005 Average (percent)

Figure 11-11 | Annual Population Growth, 2003 - 2018 (percent)


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