Study #: 3675 | Published: 01/2019 | Pages: 263 | Individual User License: US$ 5,800

Oil and Gas Drilling, Building Construction, and Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Investment Drives Growth

Demand for pipe in the US is forecast to advance 6.6% annually to $51.1 billion in 2022, rebounding strongly from declines posted during the 2012-2017 period. Gains will be driven by favorable conditions in key markets:

  • The oil and natural gas market for pipe is expected to continue recovering from historic lows in 2016.
  • Building construction activity will continue to experience healthy growth.
  • Water and wastewater infrastructure spending is expected to increase.

Key Findings in the Pipe Study:

Steel Pipe Mills Are Back Online Due to Strong Domestic Demand and Regulatory Measures

Value demand for steel pipe fell drastically between 2014 and 2016 as oil prices and oil and gas drilling activity plunged to historic lows. Most major suppliers suspended some of their steel pipe production during this time, citing both weak domestic demand and greater competition from low-priced imports. Demand for steel pipe used in the oil and natural gas market rebounded in 2017 as oil prices began to recover. Producers have since resumed production on stalled lines.

Leading producers also expect the Trump administration’s 25% tariff on most imports of steel to boost US manufacturing of steel pipe by reducing foreign competition.

Large Diameter Plastic Pipe to Find Greater Sales Opportunities in Water Markets

Plastic pipe has captured considerable share from traditional materials such as metal and concrete in the potable water, storm and sanitary sewer, and irrigation markets. Historically, gains in share occurred in applications requiring small- to medium-diameter pipe because plastic costs less and performs comparably to metal and concrete in these sizes. In larger diameters, plastic pipe could not previously compete with the structural strength of metal or concrete.

However, improvements in resin formulations and processing techniques are enabling the production of larger diameter PVC and HDPE pipes that offer sufficient crush resistance and are less costly to extrude.

HDPE and PEX to Post Fastest Gains of Any Pipe Material

Demand for HDPE and PEX pipe will grow rapidly through 2022, due to a number of performance advantages enabled by the flexibility of these materials. HDPE will find the greatest sales opportunities in the storm and sanitary sewer market, while PEX will continue to gain share in potable water distribution:

  • HDPE’s flexibility makes it well suited for trenchless installation methods such as sliplining and horizontal directional drilling.
  • PEX’s flexibility also facilitates installation in the water distribution market, as it can be bent around obstacles and cut easily.

Study Coverage

This Freedonia industry study analyzes the $37.2 billion US pipe industry. It presents historical demand data (2007, 2012, and 2017) and forecasts (2022 and 2027) by market (oil and natural gas; potable water; storm and sanitary sewer; conduit; industrial processing; drain, waste, and vent; irrigation, structural, mechanical, & OEM) and by material (steel, PVC, HDPE, PEX, CPVC, fiberglass, ABS, copper, concrete, ductile iron, aluminum, clay, other nonferrous metals). The study also evaluates company market share and offers competitive analysis on key industry participants, including Forterra, JM Eagle, Tenaris, and Zekelman Industries.

Pipe Products

Conduit

Also referred to as ducting. Pipe that provides a protected, unobstructed pathway for communications, control, and electrical wiring, as well as other conduits (known as innerducts).

Drain, Waste, & Vent

Pipe that removes waste from a building or structure, consisting of two primary parts: pipe used for waste removal and pipe used for venting purposes.

Line Pipe

Pipe used for transmission of crude oil or natural gas from the wellhead to refinery, utility, or distribution system or in the transportation and distribution of other fluids that are used in or are byproducts of oil and natural gas production.

Mechanical Tube

Tube produced to closer tolerances than other pipe.

OCTG

Oil country tubular goods: pipe used in oil and natural gas drilling, including oil and natural gas well casing, production tubing, and drill pipe.

Potable Water Pipe

Potable water pipe comprises all of the systems required to deliver safe drinking water and potable-quality water for other uses, such as fire suppression and radiant flooring. 

Rural Pipe

Networks of pipe that provide potable water to rural homes and farms, including water mains and well pipe such as casing drop, drop pipe, and discharge pipe.

Sanitary Sewer

Pipe that conducts waste and wastewater from commercial, industrial, and residential establishments to treatment plants for eventual discharge into primary water sources.

Service Line

Pipe that connects a building’s water supply lines to the water main.

Storm Sewer

Storm sewer mains carry storm runoff and serve as trunk lines leading to lakes, rivers, or other bodies of water. Small diameter drainage pipes transport excess water from surface soil around residential and commercial structures into storm sewer trunk lines. Large diameter culverts are considered drainage pipe for the purposes of this study.

Structural Pipe

Pipe used for load-bearing purposes in the construction of buildings and in equipment such as oil rigs, farm equipment, trucks, and ships.

Water Distribution Pipe

All water piping within commercial, industrial, and residential buildings, including potable water supply, fire sprinkler, and radiant flooring lines.

Water Transmission Pipe

Large diameter pipe (usually 24 inches or greater) that transports potable water from treatment plants and branches into smaller diameter water main networks (4 to 12 inches, sometimes 16 inches for larger systems).


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Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

OVERVIEW

Key Findings

Historical Market Trends

Demand Forecast for Pipe

Key Drivers of Demand

Oil & Natural Gas Drilling

Hydraulic Fracturing

Status of Offshore Drilling & Environmentally Sensitive Drilling Areas

Keystone & Other Oil & Gas Pipelines

Keystone XL Pipeline

Other Oil & Gas Pipelines

Infrastructure Repair & Renovation

Highways

Water Infrastructure

Telecommunications

Water Conservation Efforts

Trade & Tariffs

Pricing Trends

Recycling

PIPE MARKETS

Key Findings

Pipe Demand Forecast by Market

Oil & Natural Gas

Oil & Natural Gas: Scope & Definitions

Oil & Natural Gas: Pipe Demand Forecast

Oil & Natural Gas: Pipe Demand by Material

Oil & Natural Gas: Plastic Pipe Demand by Resin

Oil & Natural Gas: Pipe Demand by Application

Crude Oil & Natural Gas Applications

Crude Oil

Natural Gas

Potable Water

Potable Water: Scope & Definitions

Potable Water: Pipe Demand Forecast

Potable Water: Pipe Demand by Material

Potable Water: Plastic Pipe Demand by Resin

Potable Water: Pipe Demand by Application

Applications & Demand Forecast

Water Transmission

Water Distribution

Other Potable Water

Storm & Sanitary Sewer

Storm & Sanitary Sewer: Scope & Definitions

Storm & Sanitary Sewer: Pipe Demand Forecast

Storm & Sanitary Sewer: Pipe Demand by Material

Storm & Sanitary Sewer: Plastic Pipe Demand by Resin

Storm & Sanitary Sewer: Pipe Demand by Application

Storm & Sanitary Sewer Applications

Storm Sewer

Sanitary Sewer

Conduit

Conduit: Scope & Definitions

Conduit: Pipe Demand Forecast

Conduit: Pipe Demand by Material

Conduit: Plastic Pipe Demand by Resin

Industrial Processing

Industrial Processing: Scope & Definitions

Industrial Processing: Pipe Demand Forecast

Industrial Processing: Pipe Demand by Material

Industrial Processing: Plastic Pipe Demand by Resin

Drain, Waste, & Vent

Drain, Waste, & Vent: Scope & Definitions

Drain, Waste, & Vent: Pipe Demand Forecast

Drain, Waste, & Vent: Pipe Demand by Material

Drain, Waste, & Vent: Plastic Pipe Demand by Resin

Irrigation

Irrigation: Scope & Definitions

Irrigation: Pipe Demand Forecast

Irrigation: Pipe Demand by Material

Irrigation: Plastic Pipe Demand by Resin

Structural & Mechanical

Structural & Mechanical: Scope & Definitions

Structural & Mechanical: Pipe Demand Forecast

Structural

Mechanical

Refrigerators, Air Conditioners, & Other Appliances (OEM & On-Site)

Transportation Equipment (OEM & Aftermarket)

Other Mechanical

Structural & Mechanical: Pipe Demand by Material

Structural & Mechanical: Plastic Pipe Demand by Resin

PIPE MATERIALS

Key Findings

Pipe Demand Forecast by Material

Pipe Material Forecasts

Market Value

Pounds

Linear Feet

Steel Pipe

Steel Pipe: Scope & Product Characteristics

Steel Pipe: Demand Forecast

Steel Pipe: Supply & Demand

Steel Pipe: Demand by Market

Steel Pipe: OCTG & Line Pipe

Steel Pipe: Market Share

Plastic Pipe

Plastic Pipe: Demand Forecast

Plastic Pipe: Demand by Market

Plastic Pipe: Market Share

Plastic Pipe: Demand by Resin

Resin Demand & Forecast

PVC

HDPE

PEX

Fiberglass

CPVC Pipe

ABS Pipe

Other Plastic Pipe

Copper Pipe

Copper Pipe: Scope & Products Characteristics

Copper Pipe: Demand Forecast

Copper Pipe: Demand by Market

Copper Pipe: Market Share

Concrete Pipe

Concrete Pipe: Scope & Product Characteristics

Concrete Pipe: Demand Forecast

Concrete Pipe: Demand by Market

Concrete Pipe: Market Share

Ductile Iron Pipe

Ductile Iron Pipe: Scope & Product Characteristics

Ductile Iron Pipe: Demand Forecast

Ductile Iron Pipe: Demand by Market

Ductile Iron Pipe: Market Share

Aluminum Pipe

Aluminum Pipe: Scope & Product Characteristics

Aluminum Pipe: Demand Forecast

Aluminum Pipe: Demand by Market

Aluminum Pipe: Market Share

Clay Pipe

Clay Pipe: Demand Forecast

Clay Pipe: Demand by Market

Clay Pipe: Market Share

Other Nonferrous Metal Pipe

Other Nonferrous Metal Pipe: Demand Forecast

Other Nonferrous Metal Pipe: Market Share

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

Key Findings & Industry Composition

Market Share

Competitive Strategies

Horizontal Integration

Vertical Integration

Research & Development

Mergers & Acquisitions

Cooperative Agreements

Marketing

Distribution Channels

List of Industry Participants

APPENDIX

Scope

Definitions

Abbreviations

Freedonia Methodology

Study-Specific Methodology

Sources

Associations & Government Agencies

Related Studies & Reports

Macroeconomic Assumptions

Economic Environment

Demographic Trends

Building Construction

Residential Building Construction

Commercial Building Construction

Water & Sewer Spending

Water Use & Withdrawal

Public Highway Spending

Oil & Gas Industry Outlook

Agricultural Outlook

Refrigeration & HVAC Equipment

Plastic Resin Outlook


List of Tables

OVERVIEW

Table 2-1 | Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2027

Table 2-2 | Pipe Pricing by Material, 2007 - 2027

PIPE MARKETS

Table 3-1 | Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-2 | OCTG & Line Pipe Applications & Definitions

Table 3-3 | Oil & Natural Gas Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-4 | Plastic Oil & Natural Gas Pipe Demand by Resin, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-5 | Oil & Natural Gas Pipe Demand by Application, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-6 | Crude Oil Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-7 | Natural Gas Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-8 | Potable Water Applications & Definitions

Table 3-9 | Potable Water Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-10 | Plastic Potable Water Pipe Demand by Resin, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-11 | Potable Water Pipe Demand by Application, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-12 | Water Transmission Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-13 | Water Distribution Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-14 | Other Potable Water Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-15 | Storm & Sanitary Sewer Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-16 | Plastic Storm & Sanitary Sewer Pipe Demand by Resin, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-17 | Storm & Sanitary Sewer Pipe Demand by Application, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-18 | Storm Sewer Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-19 | Sanitary Sewer Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-20 | Conduit Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-21 | Plastic Conduit Pipe Demand by Resin, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-22 | Industrial Processing Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-23 | Plastic Industrial Processing Pipe Demand by Resin, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-24 | Drain, Waste, & Vent Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-25 | Plastic Drain, Waste, & Vent Pipe Demand by Resin, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-26 | Irrigation Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-27 | Plastic Irrigation Pipe Demand by Resin, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-28 | Structural & Mechanical Pipe Demand by Application, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-29 | Structural & Mechanical Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 3-30 | Plastic Structural & Mechanical Pipe Demand by Resin, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

PIPE MATERIALS

Table 4-1 | Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 4-2 | Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million pounds)

Table 4-3 | Pipe Demand by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million linear feet)

Table 4-4 | Steel Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2027

Table 4-5 | Steel Pipe Supply & Demand, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 4-6 | Steel Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 4-7 | Steel Pipe Markets: Major Applications, Drivers, & Restraints

Table 4-8 | Steel Oil & Natural Gas Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 4-9 | Plastic Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2027

Table 4-10 | Plastic Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 4-11 | Plastic Pipe Markets: Major Applications, Drivers, & Restraints

Table 4-12 | Plastic Pipe Demand by Resin, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 4-13 | PVC Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027

Table 4-14 | PVC Pipe: Performance Against Competitive Materials by Market

Table 4-15 | HDPE Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027

Table 4-16 | HDPE Pipe: Performance Against Competitive Materials by Market

Table 4-17 | PEX Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027

Table 4-18 | PEX Pipe: Performance Against Competitive Materials by Market

Table 4-19 | Fiberglass Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027

Table 4-20 | Fiberglass Pipe: Performance Against Competitive Materials by Market

Table 4-21 | CPVC Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 4-22 | CPVC Pipe: Performance Against Competitive Materials by Market

Table 4-23 | ABS Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 4-24 | ABS Pipe: Performance Against Competitive Materials by Market

Table 4-25 | Other Plastic Pipe Demand by Resin & Market, 2007 - 2027

Table 4-26 | Copper Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2027

Table 4-27 | Copper Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 4-28 | Concrete Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2027

Table 4-29 | Concrete Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 4-30 | Ductile Iron Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2027

Table 4-31 | Ductile Iron Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 4-32 | Aluminum Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2027

Table 4-33 | Aluminum Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Table 4-34 | Aluminum Pipe Markets: Major Applications, Drivers, & Restraints

Table 4-35 | Clay Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027

Table 4-36 | Other Nonferrous Metal Pipe Demand by Market, 2007 - 2027

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

Table 5-1 | US Pipe Sales by Company, 2017 (million dollars)

Table 5-2 | Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures

Table 5-3 | Selected Cooperative Agreements

APPENDIX

Table 6-1 | Relevant NAICS & SIC Codes

Table 6-2 | Relevant HS Codes

Table 6-3 | Abbreviations & Acronyms Used in Study

Table 6-4 | Macroeconomic Indicators, 2007 - 2027 (billion 2009 dollars)

Table 6-5 | Population & Households, 2007 - 2027 (million persons)

Table 6-6 | Building Construction Expenditures, 2007 - 2027 (billion dollars)

Table 6-7 | Residential Building Construction Expenditures, 2007 - 2027 (billion dollars)

Table 6-8 | Commercial Building Construction Expenditures, 2007 - 2027 (billion dollars)

Table 6-9 | Water & Sewer Expenditures, 2007 - 2027

Table 6-10 | Water Use & Withdrawal, 2007 - 2027 (trillion gallons/year)

Table 6-11 | Public Highway Spending, 2007 - 2022 (billion dollars)

Table 6-12 | Oil & Gas Production & Consumption, 2007 - 2027

Table 6-13 | Agricultural Indicators. 2007 - 2027

Table 6-14 | Refrigeration & HVAC Shipments, 2007 - 2027

Table 6-15 | Plastic Resin Supply & Demand, 2007 - 2027 (million pounds)


List of Figures

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Figure 1-1 | US Pipe Market

OVERVIEW

Figure 2-1 | Key Trends in the US Pipe Market

Figure 2-2 | Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2017 (million dollars)

PIPE MARKETS

Figure 3-1 | Key Trends in Pipe Markets in the US

Figure 3-2 | Pipe Demand by Market, 2017 - 2022 (million dollars)

Figure 3-3 | Oil & Natural Gas Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2022 (million pounds)

Figure 3-4 | Oil & Natural Gas Pipe Demand Share by Application, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 3-5 | Potable Water Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Figure 3-6 | Potable Water Pipe Value & Length Demand Share by Application, 2017

Figure 3-7 | Storm & Sanitary Sewer Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Figure 3-8 | Storm & Sanitary Sewer Pipe Demand Share by Application, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 3-9 | Conduit Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Figure 3-10 | Industrial Processing Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Figure 3-11 | Drain, Waste, & Vent Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Figure 3-12 | Irrigation Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2022 (million linear feet)

Figure 3-13 | Structural & Mechanical Pipe Demand, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

PIPE MATERIALS

Figure 4-1 | Key Trends in Pipe Materials in the US

Figure 4-2 | Average Pipe Weight Versus Length, 2017 (pounds per foot)

Figure 4-3 | Pipe Demand Share by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million dollars)

Figure 4-4 | Pipe Demand Share by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million pounds)

Figure 4-5 | Pipe Demand Share by Material, 2007 - 2027 (million linear feet)

Figure 4-6 | US Steel Pipe Market Share, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 4-7 | US Plastic Pipe Market Share, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 4-8 | Plastic Pipe Demand Share by Resin, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 4-9 | Copper Pipe Demand Share by Market, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 4-10 | US Copper Pipe Market Share, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 4-11 | Concrete Pipe Demand Share by Market, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 4-12 | US Concrete Pipe Market Share, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 4-13 | Ductile Iron Pipe Demand Share by Market, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 4-14 | US Ductile Iron Pipe Market Share, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 4-15 | US Aluminum Pipe Market Share, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 4-16 | Clay Pipe Demand Share by Market, 2017 (million dollars)

Figure 4-17 | Other Nonferrous Metal Pipe Demand by Market, 2017 (million dollars)

Figure 4-18 | US Other Nonferrous Pipe Market Share, 2017 (million dollars)

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

Figure 5-1 | US Pipe Market Share, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 5-2 | US Pipe Market: Leading Supplier

Figure 5-3 | US Pipe Market: Second Leading Supplier

Figure 5-4 | US Pipe Market: Third Leading Supplier

Figure 5-5 | US Pipe Market: Fourth Leading Supplier

APPENDIX

Figure 6-1 | Annual Growth in Real GDP, 2000 - 2017, Compared to 1980 - 2005 Average (percent)

Figure 6-2 | Annual Population Growth, 2002 - 2017 (percent)


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