Global Caps & Closures

10th Edition

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This study analyzes the global market for caps and closures. The closures included herein are those used on containers intended for disposal after use. A significant degree of overlap exists among product categories. For example, some trigger dispensers are outfitted with child-resistant features. For purposes of this report, a closure is categorized by the primary function of the closure. In the example here, the closure would be categorized as a child-resistant closure.

Products covered include:

  • plastic closures
    • threaded closures, including standard threaded (screw caps), pressurized, and vacuum
    • unthreaded closures (e.g., lids, overcaps, aerosol closures, synthetic cork
    • dispensing closures (e.g., shaker tops, push-pull caps, twist-open closures, spigot closures, grinder closures)
    • child-resistant closures (including screw-on/push-and-turn, plastic snap off, squeeze tab, specialty types
  • metal closures
    • screw and lug (vacuum and nonvacuum)
    • crowns
    • roll-on pilfer proof (ROPP)
    • aluminum vial seals
    • caps for composite cans
    • other metal closures (e.g., metal paint and chemical can lids, decorative metal container lids, aluminum seals, shake and spout dispensers, aluminum overcaps for fragrance containers, child-resistant unthreaded caps)
  • rubber (e.g., vial stoppers)
  • cork

Excluded from the scope of this study are:

  • caps and closures that are an integral part of the container (e.g., aerosol can valve assemblies, metal and composite can tops, peel-up aluminum lids)
  • home canning and bottling closures
  • glass and paperboard closures
  • closures for industrial bulk containers
  • flexible closures such as twist ties or foil lidding
  • and caps and closures used in nonpackaging applications (e.g., valve covers, distributor caps, pen caps, food storage containers lids, liquor decanter closures)

Markets for these products include:

  • beverages
    • bottled water (still and sparkling)
    • carbonated soft drinks
    • beer
    • milk (dairy milk)
    • wine
    • other beverages (such as fruit drinks, ready-to-drink coffee and tea, and sports drinks, liquor and spirits, alternative milk products)
  • food
  • pharmaceuticals
  • other markets (e.g., personal care products, household cleaning products, automotive chemicals, paints and coatings, durable goods such as art supplies)

Historical data (2009, 2014, and 2019) and forecasts for 2024 and 2029 are presented for caps and closures demand in units and current US dollars (including inflation) by product and market on a country-by-country and region-by-region basis. The terms “shipments”, “production”, and “output” are used interchangeably in the study, as are the terms “demand”, “sales”, and “market”, which are defined as domestic shipments, plus imports, minus exports.

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