Global Refractories

5th Edition

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Refractories

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This study analyzes global refractory supply and demand. For this study, refractories are defined according to the ASTM International definition: “nonmetallic minerals having those chemical and physical properties that make them applicable for structures, or as components of systems, that are exposed to environments above 538 degrees Celsius (1,000 degrees Fahrenheit)”. Materials that are resistant to lower temperatures are excluded.

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Refractory demand is broken out by market:

  • iron and steel production
  • nonmetallic minerals production, which includes cement, glass, lime, and ceramics
  • nonferrous metals production, including of primary and secondary aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, silver, titanium, and zinc
  • other markets include metal fabrication, chemicals, and petroleum refining

Demand is also segmented by form:

  • refractory bricks and precast (also known as preformed) shapes
  • monolithic (including castable refractories, insulating castables, ramming mixes, and gunning mixes) and other refractories, including:
    • ceramic fibers (including alumina-silica and kaoline fibers)
    • mortars
    • caulk
    • putty

Demand is also segmented by material:

  • clay refractories, including fireclay, high-alumina, and insulating types
  • nonclay refractories, including ceramic fibers, dolomite, extra-high-alumina, graphite, magnesia chrome, mullite, silicon carbide, silica, and zircon

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Purchase Global Refractories by the Section

  1. Global Refractories

    $6,000.00

    1. 1 Executive Summary

      $185.00

      1. Figure 1-1 | Key Trends in the Global Refractory Market

    2. 2 Global Market Overview

      $711.00

      1. 2.1 Key Findings

        $82.00

        1. Figure 2-1 | Global Refractory Market Trends

      2. 2.2 Impact of Manufacturing Technologies

        $93.00

      3. 2.3 Refractory Demand by Region

        $284.00

        1. 2.3.1 Volume

          $154.00

          1. Table | Global Refractory Demand by Region, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 2-2 | Global Refractory Demand by Region, 2008 - 2023

        2. 2.3.2 Value

          $128.00

          1. Table | Global Refractory Demand by Region, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 2-3 | Global Refractory Demand Share by Region, 2018

      4. 2.4 Refractory Production by Region

        $151.00

        1. Table | Global Refractory Shipments by Region, 2008 - 2023

        2. Figure 2-4 | Global Refractory Shipments: Share by Region, 2008 - 2023

      5. 2.5 International Trade

        $128.00

        1. Table | Global Refractory Net Exports by Region, 2008 - 2023

        2. Figure 2-5 | Refractory Net Exports for Selected Countries, 2018

    3. 3 Markets, Forms, &Materials

      $1,219.00

      1. 3.1 Key Findings

        $82.00

        1. Figure 3-1 | Key Findings in Refractory Markets, Forms, &Materials

      2. 3.2 Markets

        $733.00

        1. 3.2.1 Demand by Market

          $111.00

          1. Table | Global Refractory Demand by Market, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 3-2 | Refractory Demand Share by Region & Market, 2018

        2. 3.2.2 Iron & Steel

          $151.00

          1. Table | Global Iron & Steel Refractory Demand by Region, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 3-3 | Global Iron & Steel Refractory Demand, 2006 - 2023

        3. 3.2.3 Nonmetallic Minerals

          $160.00

          1. Table | Global Nonmetallic Mineral Refractory Demand by Region, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 3-4 | Global Nonmetallic Mineral Refractory Demand, 2006 - 2023

        4. 3.2.4 Nonferrous Metals

          $206.00

          1. Table | Global Nonferrous Metals Refractory Demand by Region, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 3-5 | Global Nonferrous Metal Refractory Demand, 2006 - 2023

        5. 3.2.5 Other Markets

          $103.00

          1. Table | Global Refractory Demand in Other Markets by Region, 2008 - 2023

      3. 3.3 Demand by Form (Bricks & Shapes vs. Monolithics & Other)

        $255.00

        1. Table | Global Refractory Demand by Form, 2008 - 2023

        2. Figure 3-6 | Global Refractory Demand by Form, 2008 - 2023

      4. 3.4 Demand by Material (Clay vs. Nonclay)

        $172.00

        1. Table | Global Refractory Demand by Material, 2008 - 2023

        2. Figure 3-7 | Global Refractory Demand by Material, 2008 - 2023

    4. 4 North America

      $1,296.00

      1. 4.1 North America: Refractory Market Size

        $82.00

        1. Figure 4-1 | North America: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

      2. 4.2 North America: Refractory Supply & Demand

        $136.00

        1. Table | North America: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

        2. Figure 4-2 | North America: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

      3. 4.3 North America: Demand by Market, Form, &Material

        $114.00

        1. Table | North America: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

      4. 4.4 North America: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

        $132.00

      5. 4.5 United States

        $277.00

        1. 4.5.1 United States: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 4-3 | United States: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 4.5.2 United States: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $113.00

          1. Table | United States: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 4-4 | United States: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 4.5.3 United States: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $104.00

          1. Table | United States: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

      6. 4.6 Mexico

        $279.00

        1. 4.6.1 Mexico: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 4-5 | Mexico: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 4.6.2 Mexico: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $127.00

          1. Table | Mexico: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 4-6 | Mexico: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 4.6.3 Mexico: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $103.00

          1. Table | Mexico: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

      7. 4.7 Canada

        $282.00

        1. 4.7.1 Canada: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 4-7 | Canada: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 4.7.2 Canada: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $120.00

          1. Table | Canada: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 4-8 | Canada: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 4.7.3 Canada: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $110.00

          1. Table | Canada: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

    5. 5 Central & South America

      $436.00

      1. 5.1 Central & South America: Refractory Market Size

        $82.00

        1. Figure 5-1 | Central & South America: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

      2. 5.2 Central & South America: Refractory Supply & Demand

        $116.00

        1. Table | Central & South America: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

        2. Figure 5-2 | Central & South America: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

      3. 5.3 Central & South America: Demand by Market, Form, &Material

        $104.00

        1. Table | Central & South America: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

      4. 5.4 Central & South America: Demand by Country (Brazil, Others)

        $82.00

        1. Table | Central & South America: Refractory Demand by Country, 2008 - 2023

      5. 5.5 Central & South America: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

        $82.00

    6. 6 Western Europe

      $2,162.00

      1. 6.1 Western Europe: Refractory Market Size

        $82.00

        1. Figure 6-1 | Western Europe: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

      2. 6.2 Western Europe: Refractory Supply & Demand

        $136.00

        1. Table | Western Europe: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

        2. Figure 6-2 | Western Europe: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

      3. 6.3 Western Europe: Demand by Market, Form, &Material

        $103.00

        1. Table | Western Europe: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

      4. 6.4 Western Europe: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

        $97.00

      5. 6.5 Germany

        $295.00

        1. 6.5.1 Germany: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-3 | Germany: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 6.5.2 Germany: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $105.00

          1. Table | Germany: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 6-4 | Germany: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 6.5.3 Germany: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $99.00

          1. Table | Germany: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 6.5.4 Germany: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      6. 6.6 Italy

        $258.00

        1. 6.6.1 Italy: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-5 | Italy: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 6.6.2 Italy: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $108.00

          1. Table | Italy: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 6-6 | Italy: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 6.6.3 Italy: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $83.00

          1. Table | Italy: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 6.6.4 Italy: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      7. 6.7 France

        $274.00

        1. 6.7.1 France: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-7 | France: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 6.7.2 France: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $111.00

          1. Table | France: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 6-8 | France: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 6.7.3 France: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $82.00

          1. Table | France: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 6.7.4 France: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      8. 6.8 Spain

        $278.00

        1. 6.8.1 Spain: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-9 | Spain: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 6.8.2 Spain: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $99.00

          1. Table | Spain: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 6-10 | Spain: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 6.8.3 Spain: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $101.00

          1. Table | Spain: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 6.8.4 Spain: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      9. 6.9 United Kingdom

        $301.00

        1. 6.9.1 United Kingdom: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-11 | United Kingdom: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 6.9.2 United Kingdom: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $109.00

          1. Table | United Kingdom: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 6-12 | United Kingdom: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 6.9.3 United Kingdom: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $94.00

          1. Table | United Kingdom: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 6.9.4 United Kingdom: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      10. 6.10 Other Western Europe

        $348.00

        1. 6.10.1 Other Western Europe: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 6-13 | Other Western Europe: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 6.10.2 Other Western Europe: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $119.00

          1. Table | Other Western Europe: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 6-14 | Other Western Europe: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 6.10.3 Other Western Europe: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $91.00

          1. Table | Other Western Europe: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 6.10.4 Other Western Europe: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $83.00

    7. 7 Eastern Europe

      $1,519.00

      1. 7.1 Eastern Europe: Refractory Market Size

        $82.00

        1. Figure 7-1 | Eastern Europe: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

      2. 7.2 Eastern Europe: Refractory Supply & Demand

        $133.00

        1. Table | Eastern Europe: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

        2. Figure 7-2 | Eastern Europe: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

      3. 7.3 Eastern Europe: Demand by Market, Form, &Material

        $106.00

        1. Table | Eastern Europe: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

      4. 7.4 Eastern Europe: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

        $82.00

      5. 7.5 Russia

        $297.00

        1. 7.5.1 Russia: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 7-3 | Russia: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 7.5.2 Russia: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $121.00

          1. Table | Russia: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 7-4 | Russia: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 7.5.3 Russia: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $115.00

          1. Table | Russia: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 7.5.4 Russia: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      6. 7.6 Ukraine

        $355.00

        1. 7.6.1 Ukraine: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 7-5 | Ukraine: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 7.6.2 Ukraine: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $138.00

          1. Table | Ukraine: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 7-6 | Ukraine: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 7.6.3 Ukraine: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $104.00

          1. Table | Ukraine: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 7.6.4 Ukraine: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      7. 7.7 Poland

        $238.00

        1. 7.7.1 Poland: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 7-7 | Poland: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 7.7.2 Poland: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $96.00

          1. Table | Poland: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 7-8 | Poland: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 7.7.3 Poland: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $82.00

          1. Table | Poland: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 7.7.4 Poland: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      8. 7.8 Other Eastern Europe

        $265.00

        1. 7.8.1 Other Eastern Europe: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 7-9 | Other Eastern Europe: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 7.8.2 Other Eastern Europe: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $100.00

          1. Table | Other Eastern Europe: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 7-10 | Other Eastern Europe: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 7.8.3 Other Eastern Europe: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $104.00

          1. Table | Other Eastern Europe: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 7.8.4 Other Eastern Europe: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

    8. 8 Asia/Pacific

      $2,501.00

      1. 8.1 Asia/Pacific: Refractory Market Size

        $82.00

        1. Figure 8-1 | Asia/Pacific: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

      2. 8.2 Asia/Pacific: Refractory Supply & Demand

        $134.00

        1. Table | Asia/Pacific: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

        2. Figure 8-2 | Asia/Pacific: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

      3. 8.3 Asia/Pacific: Demand by Market, Form, &Material

        $111.00

        1. Table | Asia/Pacific: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

      4. 8.4 Asia/Pacific: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

        $82.00

      5. 8.5 China

        $412.00

        1. 8.5.1 China: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 8-3 | China: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 8.5.2 China: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $120.00

          1. Table | China: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 8-4 | China: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 8.5.3 China: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $127.00

          1. Table | China: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 8.5.4 China: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $113.00

      6. 8.6 India

        $323.00

        1. 8.6.1 India: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 8-5 | India: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 8.6.2 India: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $127.00

          1. Table | India: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 8-6 | India: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 8.6.3 India: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $103.00

          1. Table | India: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 8.6.4 India: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      7. 8.7 Japan

        $270.00

        1. 8.7.1 Japan: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 8-7 | Japan: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 8.7.2 Japan: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $113.00

          1. Table | Japan: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 8-8 | Japan: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 8.7.3 Japan: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $82.00

          1. Table | Japan: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 8.7.4 Japan: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      8. 8.8 South Korea

        $268.00

        1. 8.8.1 South Korea: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 8-9 | South Korea: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 8.8.2 South Korea: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $95.00

          1. Table | South Korea: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 8-10 | South Korea: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 8.8.3 South Korea: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $98.00

          1. Table | South Korea: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 8.8.4 South Korea: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      9. 8.9 Taiwan

        $260.00

        1. 8.9.1 Taiwan: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 8-11 | Taiwan: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 8.9.2 Taiwan: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $93.00

          1. Table | Taiwan: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 8-12 | Taiwan: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 8.9.3 Taiwan: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $98.00

          1. Table | Taiwan: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 8.9.4 Taiwan: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      10. 8.10 Australia

        $221.00

        1. 8.10.1 Australia: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 8-13 | Australia: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 8.10.2 Australia: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $100.00

          1. Table | Australia: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 8-14 | Australia: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 8.10.3 Australia: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $82.00

          1. Table | Australia: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 8.10.4 Australia: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

      11. 8.11 Other Asia/Pacific

        $345.00

        1. 8.11.1 Other Asia/Pacific: Refractory Market Size

          $82.00

          1. Figure 8-15 | Other Asia/Pacific: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

        2. 8.11.2 Other Asia/Pacific: Refractory Supply & Demand

          $111.00

          1. Table | Other Asia/Pacific: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

          2. Figure 8-16 | Other Asia/Pacific: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

        3. 8.11.3 Other Asia/Pacific: Refractory Demand by Market, Form, &Material

          $105.00

          1. Table | Other Asia/Pacific: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

        4. 8.11.4 Other Asia/Pacific: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

          $82.00

    9. 9 Africa/Mideast

      $468.00

      1. 9.1 Africa/Mideast: Refractory Market Size

        $82.00

        1. Figure 9-1 | Africa/Mideast: Refractory Market Key Indicators, 2018

      2. 9.2 Africa/Mideast: Refractory Supply & Demand

        $111.00

        1. Table | Africa/Mideast: Refractory Supply & Demand, 2008 - 2023

        2. Figure 9-2 | Africa/Mideast: Refractory Demand & Steel Production, 2006 - 2018

      3. 9.3 Africa/Mideast: Demand by Market, Form, &Material

        $103.00

        1. Table | Africa/Mideast: Refractory Demand by Form, Material, &Market, 2008 - 2023

      4. 9.4 Africa/Mideast: Demand by Country (Turkey, Iran, South Africa, &Others)

        $111.00

        1. Table | Africa/Mideast: Refractory Demand by Country, 2008 - 2023

      5. 9.5 Africa/Mideast: Leading Refractory Manufacturers

        $82.00

    10. 10 Industry Structure

      $4,321.00

      1. 10.1 Key Findings & Industry Composition

        $157.00

        1. Table | Global Refractory Sales by Company, 2018

      2. 10.2 Market Share

        $430.00

        1. Figure 10-1 | Global Refractory Market Share by Company, 2018

        2. Figure 10-2 | Global Refractories Market: Leading Supplier, 2018

        3. Figure 10-3 | Global Refractories Market: Second Leading Supplier, 2018

        4. Figure 10-4 | Global Refractories Market: Third Leading Supplier, 2018

        5. Figure 10-5 | Global Refractories Market: Fourth Leading Supplier, 2018

        6. Figure 10-6 | Global Refractories Market: Fifth Leading Supplier, 2018

      3. 10.3 Leading Raw Materials Suppliers

        $82.00

        1. Table | Select Raw Materials Suppliers to the Global Refractories Industry

      4. 10.4 Cooperative Agreements

        $82.00

        1. Table | Selected Cooperative Agreements

      5. 10.5 Mergers & Acquisitions

        $158.00

        1. Table | Selected Mergers & Acquisitions

      6. 10.6 List of Industry Participants by Geographic Region North America

        $843.00

      7. 10.7 List of Industry Participants

        $2,573.00

    11. 11 Appendix

      $2,001.00

      1. 11.1 Scope

        $172.00

        1. Table | Relevant NAICS & SIC Codes

        2. Table | Relevant HS Codes

      2. 11.2 Definitions

        $152.00

      3. 11.3 Properties of Refractories

        $117.00

        1. Figure 11-1 | Melting Points of Industrial Minerals & Refractories

      4. 11.4 Methodology

        $82.00

      5. 11.5 Associations & Agencies

        $112.00

      6. 11.6 Related Freedonia Group Studies

        $82.00

      7. 11.7 Country Lists by Region

        $192.00

        1. Table | Countries in North America

        2. Table | Countries in Central & South America

        3. Table | Countries in Western Europe

        4. Table | Countries in Eastern Europe

        5. Table | Countries in the Asia/Pacific Region

        6. Table | Countries in the Africa/Mideast Region

      8. 11.8 Macroeconomic Assumptions

        $1,142.00

        1. 11.8.1 Global Economic Outlook

          $315.00

          1. Table | Global Gross Domestic Product by Region & Country, 2008 - 2023

        2. 11.8.2 Global Manufacturing Outlook

          $296.00

          1. Table | Global Manufacturing Value Added by Region & Country, 2008 - 2023

        3. 11.8.3 Global Crude Steel Outlook

          $522.00

          1. Table | Global Crude Steel Production by Region & Country, 2008 - 2023

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