Global Refractories

5th Edition

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This study analyzes global refractory supply and demand. For this study, refractories are defined according to the ASTM International definition: “nonmetallic minerals having those chemical and physical properties that make them applicable for structures, or as components of systems, that are exposed to environments above 538 degrees Celsius (1,000 degrees Fahrenheit)”. Materials that are resistant to lower temperatures are excluded.

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Refractory demand is broken out by market:

  • iron and steel production
  • nonmetallic minerals production, which includes cement, glass, lime, and ceramics
  • nonferrous metals production, including of primary and secondary aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, silver, titanium, and zinc
  • other markets include metal fabrication, chemicals, and petroleum refining

Demand is also segmented by form:

  • refractory bricks and precast (also known as preformed) shapes
  • monolithic (including castable refractories, insulating castables, ramming mixes, and gunning mixes) and other refractories, including:
    • ceramic fibers (including alumina-silica and kaoline fibers)
    • mortars
    • caulk
    • putty

Demand is also segmented by material:

  • clay refractories, including fireclay, high-alumina, and insulating types
  • nonclay refractories, including ceramic fibers, dolomite, extra-high-alumina, graphite, magnesia chrome, mullite, silicon carbide, silica, and zircon

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