Study #: 3686 | Published: 01/2019 | Pages: 212 | Individual User License: US$ 5,500

The corrugated and paperboard box market is mature, but there are opportunities for gains, particularly in the upgrade of box features to account for more direct-to-consumer use and in emphasizing sustainability. Through 2022, demand for boxes in the US is forecast to increase 2.6% annually to $42.5 billion. Nearly half of all new demand will stem from the large food and beverage market, and 16% of new box sales will derive from the small but rapidly growing e-commerce segment.

Key Findings in the Corrugated & Paperboard Boxes Study:

Boxes to Meet the Needs of a More Rigorous Supply Chain

Box demand in e-commerce will post healthy growth through 2022, with the dominant corrugated box segment best positioned to take advantage of these gains despite trends toward right-sizing. Value-added set-up paperboard boxes also stand to benefit, as they are often used for subscription services and other curated deliveries.

E-commerce trends driving box innovation and the development of higher value products include:

  • Direct to Consumer: E-tailers and logistics firms want to cut delivery times and costs.
  • The Unboxing Experience: Boxes with high-quality graphics both inside and outside the box showcase brand image and create important first impressions about the product they contain.
  • Greater Printing Customization: Digital printing enables on-demand printing and greater customization by making custom print runs economical.

The Right-Sized Box for the Job

Waste is major concern, and source reduction is an effective way to meet green goals. Right-sizing the box to its contents is a key part of this trend. The development of on-demand box production also enables a wider variety of box sizes and shapes for right-sizing purposes.

Folding Cartons: Opportunities in Foodservice

Foodservice and carryout will present strong opportunities for folding cartons in light of innovative food delivery options such as meal kit delivery and multi-outlet restaurant food delivery platforms (e.g., DoorDash, Grubhub, and Uber Eats). The rising trend toward general carryout and delivery will also help, as more people are choosing to eat prepared food away from restaurant dining rooms. Additionally, with mounting municipal regulations targeting single-use plastics, folding paperboard cartons are poised to gain.

Study Coverage

This Freedonia industry study analyzes the $37.4 billion US corrugated and paperboard box market. It presents historical data (2007, 2012, and 2017) and forecasts for 2022 by box type (corrugated & solid fiber, folding paperboard box, and set-up box) and market (food & beverage, nonfood nondurables, durables, nonmanufacturing – e-commerce, foodservice & carryout, moving & storage). The study also evaluates company market share and analyzes industry competitors including Georgia-Pacific, Graphic Packaging, International Paper, Packaging Corporation of America, and WestRock.


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Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

OVERVIEW

Key Findings

Packaging Industry Trends

Manufacturer Efforts to Address Evolving Consumer Values

Convenience

Sustainability

Product Differentiation

Technology

Pricing Trends & Product Mix

International Trade

US Trade Position

Imports

Exports

Tariffs

Material Input

Scope & Product Description

Paperboard Supply & Demand

Paperboard Consumption in Box Production

Other Materials Consumption in Box Production

Adhesives

Waxes & Wax Alternatives

Inks

Competitive Packaging Products

Packaging Versus Shipping

Sustainability & Recycling Trends

Environmental Factors Influencing Boxes

Sustainability Initiatives

Recycling Infrastructure

Environmentally Friendly Alternatives

Regulatory Issues

Regulatory Bodies

Renewable Energy Tax Credits

TRENDS & OPPORTUNITIES

Key Findings

E-Commerce: Boxes Versus Flexible

"Unboxing" Trend & Demand for Special Boxes

Subscription Deliveries & High-Value Boxes

Digital Printing

Retail-Ready Packaging Trends & the Effect of ALDI & Warehouse Stores

Coated Boxes

Smart Features for Boxes

Value-Added Features

PRODUCTS

Key Findings

Demand by Product

Corrugated & Solid Fiber Boxes

Product Description

Supply & Demand

Production

Demand by Market

Folding Paperboard Boxes

Product Description

Supply & Demand

Demand by Market

Set-Up Paperboard Boxes

Product Description

Supply & Demand

Demand by Market

MARKETS

Key Findings

Corrugated & Paperboard Box Demand by Market

Food & Beverages

Demand by Market

Grain Mill Products

Beverages

Fresh Produce

Meat, Poultry, & Seafood

Bakery Products

Frozen Food

Canned Food

Dairy Products

Candy & Confections

Other Foods

Nonfood Nondurable Goods

Demand by Market

Paper & Publishing

Chemical & Pharmaceuticals

Demand Forecast

Pharmaceuticals

Cosmetics & Toiletries

Cleaning Chemicals

Other Chemical Products

Rubber & Plastic Products

Other Nonfood Nondurable Goods

Durable Goods

Demand by Market

Machinery & Equipment

Fabricated Metal Products

Glass & Ceramic Products

Furniture, Lumber, & Wood Products

Toys & Sporting Goods

Silverware & Jewelry

Music, Entertainment, & Software

Motor Vehicle Parts

Instruments & All Other Durable Goods

Nonmanufacturing

Demand by Market

Foodservice & Carryout

E-Commerce

Moving, Storage, & All Other Nonmanufacturing Markets

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

Key Findings & Industry Composition

Market Share

Corrugated & Solid Fiber Boxes

Folding Paperboard Boxes

Acquisitions & Divestitures

Cooperative Agreements

Competitive Strategies

Marketing

Distribution Strategies

Regional Dynamics

List of Industry Participants

APPENDIX

Scope

Definitions

Abbreviations

Freedonia Methodology

Study-Specific Methodology

Sources

Associations & Agencies

Related Studies & Reports

Macroeconomic Assumptions

Economic Environment

Demographic Trends

Consumer Spending

Retail Sales Outlook

Manufacturing Outlook

E-Commerce Outlook

Packaging Industry Overview


List of Tables

OVERVIEW

Table 2-1 | Corrugated & Paperboard Box Pricing, 2007 - 2022 (dollars per ton)

Table 2-2 | International Trade in Corrugated & Paperboard Boxes, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 2-3 | Paperboard Supply & Demand by Type, 2007 - 2022 (thousand tons)

Table 2-4 | Paperboard Consumption in Corrugated & Paperboard Box Production by Product, 2007 - 2022 (thousand tons)

Table 2-5 | Other Materials Consumption in Corrugated & Paperboard Box Production, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

PRODUCTS

Table 4-1 | Corrugated & Paperboard Box Supply & Demand, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 4-2 | Corrugated & Solid Fiber Boxes: Advantages, Disadvantages, & Competitive Products

Table 4-3 | Corrugated & Solid Fiber Box Supply & Demand, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 4-4 | Corrugated & Solid Fiber Box Shipments & Production, 2007 - 2022 (billion square feet)

Table 4-5 | Corrugated & Solid Fiber Box Demand by Market, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 4-6 | Folding Paperboard Boxes: Advantages, Disadvantages, & Competitive Products

Table 4-7 | Folding Paperboard Box Supply & Demand, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 4-8 | Folding Paperboard Box Demand by Market, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 4-9 | Set-Up Paperboard Boxes: Advantages, Disadvantages, & Competitive Products

Table 4-10 | Set-Up Paperboard Box Supply & Demand, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 4-11 | Set-Up Paperboard Box Demand by Market, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

MARKETS

Table 5-1 | Corrugated & Paperboard Box Demand by Market, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-2 | Food & Beverage Box Demand by Market, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-3 | Grain Mill Product Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-4 | Beverage Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-5 | Fresh Produce Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-6 | Meat, Poultry, & Seafood Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-7 | Bakery Product Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-8 | Frozen Food Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-9 | Canned Food Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-10 | Dairy Product Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-11 | Candy & Confection Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-12 | Other Food Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-13 | Nonfood Nondurable Goods Box Demand by Market, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-14 | Paper & Publishing Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-15 | Chemical & Pharmaceutical Box Demand by Market & Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-16 | Pharmaceutical Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-17 | Cosmetic & Toiletry Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-18 | Cleaning Chemical Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-19 | Other Chemical Products Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-20 | Rubber & Plastic Products Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-21 | Other Nonfood Nondurable Goods Box Demand by Market & Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-22 | Durable Goods Box Demand by Market & Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-23 | Machinery & Equipment Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-24 | Fabricated Metal Product Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-25 | Glass & Ceramic Products Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-26 | Furniture, Lumber, & Wood Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-27 | Toys & Sporting Goods Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-28 | Silverware & Jewelry Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-29 | Music, Entertainment, & Software Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-30 | Motor Vehicle Parts Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-31 | Instruments & All Other Durable Goods Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-32 | Nonmanufacturing Box Demand by Market & Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-33 | Foodservice & Carryout Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-34 | E-Commerce Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

Table 5-35 | Moving, Storage, & All Other Nonmanufacturing Markets Box Demand by Product, 2007 - 2022 (million dollars)

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

Table 6-1 | Corrugated & Paperboard Box Sales by Company, 2017 (million dollars)

Table 6-2 | Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures

Table 6-3 | Selected Cooperative Agreements

APPENDIX

Table 7-1 | Relevant Industry Codes

Table 7-2 | Relevant Trade Codes

Table 7-3 | Abbreviations & Acronyms Used in Study

Table 7-4 | Macroeconomic Indicators, 2007 - 2022 (billion 2009 dollars)

Table 7-5 | Population & Households, 2007 - 2022 (million persons)

Table 7-6 | Personal Consumption Expenditures, 2007 - 2022 (billion dollars)

Table 7-7 | Retail Sales, 2007 - 2022 (billion dollars)

Table 7-8 | Manufacturers' Shipments, 2007 - 2022 (billion dollars)

Table 7-9 | Electronic Shopping Sales, 2007 - 2022 (billion dollars)

Table 7-10 | Packaging Supply & Demand, 2007 - 2022 (billion dollars)


List of Figures

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Figure 1-1 | US Corrugated & Paperboard Box Market

OVERVIEW

Figure 2-1 | Key Trends in the US Corrugated & Paperboard Box Market

Figure 2-2 | US Corrugated & Paperboard Box Imports Share by Source, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 2-3 | US Corrugated & Paperboard Box Exports Share by Destination, 2017 (billion dollars)

TRENDS & OPPORTUNITIES

Figure 3-1 | US Corrugated & Paperboard Box Trends & Opportunities

Figure 3-2 | Product Example: Packaging Used for E-Commerce Orders

Figure 3-3 | Marketing Example: Unboxing Video

Figure 3-4 | Product Example: Graphics on the Inside of the Box

Figure 3-5 | Product Example: Premium Boxes & Subscription Deliveries

Figure 3-6 | Product Example: Specialty Printing

Figure 3-7 | Product Example: Retail-Ready Boxes

Figure 3-8 | Product Example: Moisture-Resistant Coated Boxes

PRODUCTS

Figure 4-1 | Key Trends in Corrugated & Paperboard Box Products

MARKETS

Figure 5-1 | Key Trends in Corrugated & Paperboard Box Markets

Figure 5-2 | Grain Mill Products: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-3 | Beverages: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-4 | Fresh Produce: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-5 | Meat, Poultry, & Seafood: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-6 | Bakery Products: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-7 | Frozen Food: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-8 | Canned Food: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-9 | Dairy Products: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-10 | Candy & Confections: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-11 | Other Foods: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-12 | Paper & Publishing: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-13 | Pharmaceuticals: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-14 | Cosmetics & Toiletries: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-15 | Cleaning Chemicals: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-16 | Other Chemical Products: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-17 | Rubber & Plastic Products: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-18 | Other Nonfood Nondurable Goods: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-19 | Machinery & Equipment: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-20 | Fabricated Metal Products: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-21 | Instruments & All Other Durable Goods: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-22 | Foodservice & Carryout: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-23 | E-Commerce: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

Figure 5-24 | Moving, Storage, & All Other Nonmanufacturing: Box Applications & Demand Share by Product

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

Figure 6-1 | US Corrugated & Paperboard Box Market Share, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 6-2 | US Corrugated & Paperboard Boxes: Leading Supplier, 2017

Figure 6-3 | US Corrugated & Paperboard Boxes: Second Leading Supplier, 2017

Figure 6-4 | US Corrugated & Paperboard Boxes: Third Leading Supplier, 2017

Figure 6-5 | US Corrugated & Paperboard Boxes: Fourth Leading Supplier, 2017

Figure 6-6 | US Corrugated & Paperboard Boxes: Fifth Leading Supplier, 2017

Figure 6-7 | US Corrugated & Solid Fiber Boxes Market Share, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 6-8 | US Folding Paperboard Boxes Market Share, 2017 (billion dollars)

Figure 6-9 | Advertising Example: Promoting Real & Perceived Differences

Figure 6-10 | US Top Suppliers: Corrugated Box Manufacturing Facility Distribution by Geographic Region, 2017

APPENDIX

Figure 7-1 | Annual Growth in Real GDP, 2000 - 2017, Compared to 1980 - 2005 Average (percent)

Figure 7-2 | Annual Population Growth, 2002 - 2017 (percent)


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