World Batteries

Gains will be driven by rapidly expanding production of high-cost batteries used to power hybrid and electric vehicles (H/EVs), and by primary and secondary replacement batteries used in high-drain electronics.

World demand to rise 7.8% annually through 2019

Global demand for primary and secondary batteries is forecast to rise 7.8 percent per year to $120 billion in 2019. Rapidly expanding production of hybrid and electric vehicles (H/EVs), particularly in Western Europe and the US, will fuel purchases of high-cost batteries used to power such vehicles. In developing regions, improving levels of disposable income and consumer spending will support sales of high-drain electronics (such as mobile phones and personal computers), boosting demand for both primary and secondary replacement batteries. As incomes rise, a shift to better performing primary batteries (including alkaline and lithium types) is also expected to drive market advances in the developing world. In the industrial battery market, expanding investment in energy storage systems to provide backup power and/or frequency regulation will spur sales.

China to remain largest national market

China will remain the largest national market for batteries as rising output from the country’s massive manufacturing sector -- particularly in the motor vehicle and electrical and electronic product industries -- supports double-digit yearly advances in the domestic battery market. In addition, increased investment to expand electrical generation capacity is projected to boost battery sales, fueling purchases of battery-based backup power and energy storage systems. India is also forecast to post double-digit annual gains in battery sales through 2019, driven by rising personal incomes that will increase the affordability of battery-consuming products such as high-drain consumer electronics. Strong performance in India’s automotive segment will also boost local battery demand, driven by expanding motor vehicle production and an increasing number of vehicles in use in the country.

North America, Western Europe to see strong growth

North America and Western Europe are projected to see solid increases in battery demand, driven largely by expansion of their automotive markets as production and sales of H/EVs soar (partly a consequence of falling lithium-ion battery prices and increased affordability of H/EVs). Countries in these regions will also see growing demand for battery-based systems that store energy and regulate power frequencies, particularly as these regions increasingly integrate wind and solar facilities into national electrical grids. In the US especially, suppliers of advanced industrial batteries are benefiting from increased installation of microgrids and off-grid renewable energy systems.

Study coverage

This Freedonia industry study analyzes the $83 billion world battery industry. It presents historical supply and demand data (2004, 2009 and 2014) and forecasts (2019 and 2024) by type (primary, secondary) and market (e.g., consumer, automotive, industrial) for six world regions and 16 countries, with supply and demand data for an additional 18 countries. The study also considers market environment factors, reviews battery technology, evaluates company market share and profiles 39 industry participants, including Johnson Controls, Panasonic, and Exide Technologies.

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Purchase World Batteries by the Section

  1. World Batteries

    $6,700.00

    1. 1 INTRODUCTION

      $224.00

    2. 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

      $113.00

      1. Table | WORLD BATTERY DEMAND

    3. 3 MARKET ENVIRONMENT

      $1,382.00

      1. 3.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 3.2 World Economic Overview

        $225.00

        1. 3.2.1 Recent Historical Trends

          $82.00

        2. 3.2.2 World Economic Outlook

          $114.00

          1. Table | WORLD GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY REGION

      3. 3.3 World Personal Consumption Expenditures

        $149.00

        1. Table | WORLD PERSONAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES BY REGION

      4. 3.4 World Demographic Outlook

        $98.00

        1. Table | WORLD POPULATION BY REGION

      5. 3.5 World Manufacturing Outlook

        $117.00

        1. Table | WORLD MANUFACTURING VALUE ADDED BY REGION

      6. 3.6 World Motor Vehicle Outlook

        $390.00

        1. 3.6.1 Motor Vehicles In Use

          $82.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTOR VEHICLES IN USE BY TYPE & REGION

        2. 3.6.2 Motor Vehicle Production Trends

          $121.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY TYPE & REGION

        3. 3.6.3 Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Outlook

          $161.00

          1. Table | WORLD HYBRID & ELECTRIC VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY TYPE & REGION

      7. 3.7 World Electrical & Electronics Sector Outlook

        $88.00

        1. Table | WORLD ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC PRODUCT MANUFACTURING VALUE ADDED BY REGION

      8. 3.8 Pricing Patterns

        $117.00

        1. Table | WORLD BATTERY PRICING

        2. CHART II-1 WORLD BATTERY DEFLATORS, 2004-2024

      9. 3.9 Environmental & Regulatory Considerations

        $132.00

    4. 4 TECHNOLOGY

      $897.00

      1. 4.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 4.2 Battery Construction & Operation

        $82.00

        1. CHART III-1 BASIC BATTERY CONSTRUCTION

      3. 4.3 Conventional Battery Chemistries

        $227.00

        1. 4.3.1 Alkaline

          $82.00

        2. 4.3.2 Zinc-Carbon

          $82.00

        3. 4.3.3 Lead-Acid

          $92.00

        4. 4.3.4 Nickel-Cadmium

          $82.00

        5. 4.3.5 Other

          $82.00

      4. 4.4 Advanced Battery Chemistries

        $276.00

        1. 4.4.1 Lithium

          $125.00

        2. 4.4.2 Nickel-Metal Hydride

          $82.00

        3. 4.4.3 Zinc-Air

          $82.00

        4. 4.4.4 Sodium-Metal Halide

          $82.00

        5. 4.4.5 Other

          $82.00

      5. 4.5 Microgrids & Renewable Energy Storage

        $82.00

      6. 4.6 Fuel Cells & Other Alternative Power Sources

        $183.00

        1. 4.6.1 Fuel Cells

          $82.00

          1. Table | WORLD COMMERCIAL FUEL CELL DEMAND

        2. 4.6.2 Other Alternative Power Sources

          $92.00

    5. 5 WORLD SUPPLY & DEMAND

      $1,785.00

      1. 5.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 5.2 Regional Overview

        $477.00

        1. 5.2.1 Demand by Region

          $96.00

          1. Table | WORLD BATTERY DEMAND BY REGION

          2. CHART IV-1 WORLD BATTERY DEMAND BY REGION, 2014

        2. 5.2.2 Per Capita Battery Demand & GDP Relationship

          $82.00

          1. CHART IV-2 PER CAPITA BATTERY DEMAND/PER CAPITA GDP RELATIONSHIP, 2014

        3. 5.2.3 Production by Region

          $105.00

          1. Table | WORLD BATTERY SHIPMENTS BY REGION

          2. CHART IV-3 WORLD BATTERY SHIPMENTS BY REGION, 2014

        4. 5.2.4 International Trade

          $147.00

          1. Table | WORLD BATTERY NET EXPORTS BY REGION

          2. Table | WORLD PRIMARY BATTERY NET EXPORTS BY REGION

          3. Table | WORLD SECONDARY BATTERY NET EXPORTS BY REGION

      3. 5.3 Demand by Product

        $903.00

        1. Table | WORLD BATTERY DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        2. 5.3.1 Primary

          $390.00

          1. Table | WORLD PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND BY CHEMISTRY

          2. CHART IV-4 WORLD PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND BY CHEMISTRY, 2014

          3. Table | WORLD PRIMARY ALKALINE BATTERY DEMAND BY REGION

          4. Table | WORLD PRIMARY ZINC-CARBON BATTERY DEMAND BY REGION

          5. Table | WORLD PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERY DEMAND BY REGION

          6. Table | WORLD OTHER PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND BY REGION

        3. 5.3.2 Secondary

          $476.00

          1. Table | WORLD SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND BY CHEMISTRY

          2. CHART IV-5 WORLD SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND BY CHEMISTRY, 2014

          3. Table | WORLD LEAD-ACID SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND BY REGION

          4. Table | WORLD LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND BY REGION

          5. Table | WORLD NICKEL-BASED SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND BY REGION

          6. Table | OTHER SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND BY REGION

      4. 5.4 Demand by Market

        $357.00

        1. Table | WORLD BATTERY DEMAND BY MARKET

        2. CHART IV-6 WORLD BATTERY DEMAND BY MARKET, 2014

        3. 5.4.1 Consumer

          $94.00

          1. Table | WORLD CONSUMER BATTERY DEMAND BY PRODUCT & REGION

        4. 5.4.2 Automotive

          $108.00

          1. Table | WORLD AUTOMOTIVE BATTERY DEMAND BY MARKET, VEHICLE TYPE, & REGION

        5. 5.4.3 Industrial & Other

          $106.00

          1. Table | WORLD INDUSTRIAL & OTHER BATTERY DEMAND BY PRODUCT & REGION

    6. 6 NORTH AMERICA

      $1,179.00

      1. 6.1 North America: Economic Overview

        $82.00

      2. 6.2 North America: Battery Supply & Demand

        $185.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICA: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. CHART V-1 NORTH AMERICA: BATTERY DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2014

        3. 6.2.1 North America: Primary Battery Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | NORTH AMERICA: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

        4. 6.2.2 North America: Secondary Battery Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | NORTH AMERICA: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      3. 6.3 United States

        $392.00

        1. 6.3.1 United States: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 6.3.2 United States: Battery Supply & Demand

          $337.00

          1. Table | UNITED STATES: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | UNITED STATES: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | UNITED STATES: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      4. 6.4 Canada

        $266.00

        1. 6.4.1 Canada: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 6.4.2 Canada: Battery Supply & Demand

          $214.00

          1. Table | CANADA: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | CANADA: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | CANADA: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      5. 6.5 Mexico

        $281.00

        1. 6.5.1 Mexico: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 6.5.2 Mexico: Battery Supply & Demand

          $222.00

          1. Table | MEXICO: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | MEXICO: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | MEXICO: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

    7. 7 WESTERN EUROPE

      $2,114.00

      1. 7.1 Western Europe: Economic Overview

        $82.00

      2. 7.2 Western Europe: Battery Supply & Demand

        $189.00

        1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. CHART VI-1 WESTERN EUROPE: BATTERY DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2014

        3. 7.2.1 Western Europe: Primary Battery Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

        4. 7.2.2 Western Europe: Secondary Battery Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      3. 7.3 Germany

        $306.00

        1. 7.3.1 Germany: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 7.3.2 Germany: Battery Supply & Demand

          $224.00

          1. Table | GERMANY: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | GERMANY: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | GERMANY: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      4. 7.4 France

        $275.00

        1. 7.4.1 France: Economic Overview

          $96.00

        2. 7.4.2 France: Battery Supply & Demand

          $178.00

          1. Table | FRANCE: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | FRANCE: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | FRANCE: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      5. 7.5 United Kingdom

        $272.00

        1. 7.5.1 United Kingdom: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 7.5.2 United Kingdom: Battery Supply & Demand

          $193.00

          1. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      6. 7.6 Italy

        $293.00

        1. 7.6.1 Italy: Economic Overview

          $98.00

        2. 7.6.2 Italy: Battery Supply & Demand

          $195.00

          1. Table | ITALY: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | ITALY: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | ITALY: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      7. 7.7 Spain

        $266.00

        1. 7.7.1 Spain: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 7.7.2 Spain: Battery Supply & Demand

          $189.00

          1. Table | SPAIN: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | SPAIN: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | SPAIN: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      8. 7.8 Other Western Europe

        $446.00

        1. 7.8.1 Other Western Europe: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 7.8.2 Other Western Europe: Battery Supply & Demand

          $171.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

        3. 7.8.3 Other Western Europe: Battery Supply & Demand by Country

          $203.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND BY COUNTRY

    8. 8 ASIA/PACIFIC

      $2,348.00

      1. 8.1 Asia/Pacific: Economic Overview

        $82.00

      2. 8.2 Asia/Pacific: Battery Supply & Demand

        $193.00

        1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. CHART VII-1 ASIA/PACIFIC: BATTERY DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2014

        3. 8.2.1 Asia/Pacific: Primary Battery Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

        4. 8.2.2 Asia/Pacific: Secondary Battery Outlook

          $82.00

          1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      3. 8.3 China

        $340.00

        1. 8.3.1 China: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 8.3.2 China: Battery Supply & Demand

          $263.00

          1. Table | CHINA: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | CHINA: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | CHINA: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      4. 8.4 Japan

        $293.00

        1. 8.4.1 Japan: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 8.4.2 Japan: Battery Supply & Demand

          $225.00

          1. Table | JAPAN: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | JAPAN: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | JAPAN: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      5. 8.5 South Korea

        $241.00

        1. 8.5.1 South Korea: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 8.5.2 South Korea: Battery Supply & Demand

          $177.00

          1. Table | SOUTH KOREA: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | SOUTH KOREA: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | SOUTH KOREA: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      6. 8.6 India

        $294.00

        1. 8.6.1 India: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 8.6.2 India: Battery Supply & Demand

          $223.00

          1. Table | INDIA: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | INDIA: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | INDIA: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      7. 8.7 Indonesia

        $255.00

        1. 8.7.1 Indonesia: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 8.7.2 Indonesia: Battery Supply & Demand

          $183.00

          1. Table | INDONESIA: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | INDONESIA: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | INDONESIA: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      8. 8.8 Taiwan

        $241.00

        1. 8.8.1 Taiwan: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 8.8.2 Taiwan: Battery Supply & Demand

          $182.00

          1. Table | TAIWAN: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | TAIWAN: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | TAIWAN: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

      9. 8.9 Other Asia/Pacific

        $434.00

        1. 8.9.1 Other Asia/Pacific: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 8.9.2 Other Asia/Pacific: Battery Supply & Demand

          $180.00

          1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

        3. 8.9.3 Other Asia/Pacific: Battery Supply & Demand by Country

          $198.00

          1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND BY COUNTRY

    9. 9 OTHER REGIONS

      $2,017.00

      1. 9.1 Central & South America

        $796.00

        1. 9.1.1 Central & South America: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 9.1.2 Central & South America: Battery Supply & Demand

          $163.00

          1. Table | CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

        3. 9.1.3 Brazil

          $234.00

          1. Table | BRAZIL: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | BRAZIL: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | BRAZIL: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

        4. 9.1.4 Other Central & South America

          $340.00

          1. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

          4. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND BY COUNTRY

      2. 9.2 Eastern Europe

        $822.00

        1. 9.2.1 Eastern Europe: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 9.2.2 Eastern Europe: Battery Supply & Demand

          $164.00

          1. Table | EASTERN EUROPE: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | EASTERN EUROPE: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | EASTERN EUROPE: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

        3. 9.2.3 Russia

          $241.00

          1. Table | RUSSIA: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | RUSSIA: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | RUSSIA: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

        4. 9.2.4 Other Eastern Europe

          $356.00

          1. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

          4. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND BY COUNTRY

      3. 9.3 Africa/Mideast

        $399.00

        1. 9.3.1 Africa/Mideast: Economic Overview

          $82.00

        2. 9.3.2 Africa/Mideast: Battery Supply & Demand

          $175.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND

          3. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND

        3. 9.3.3 Africa/Mideast: Supply & Demand by Country

          $157.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND BY COUNTRY

    10. 10 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

      $6,723.00

      1. 10.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 10.2 Industry Composition

        $82.00

        1. Table | WORLD BATTERY SALES BY COMPANY, 2014

      3. 10.3 Market Share

        $142.00

        1. CHART IX-1 WORLD BATTERY MARKET SHARE, 2014

        2. 10.3.1 Primary Batteries

          $82.00

          1. CHART IX-2 WORLD PRIMARY BATTERY MARKET SHARE, 2014

        3. 10.3.2 Lead-Acid Secondary Batteries

          $82.00

          1. CHART IX-3 WORLD LEAD-ACID SECONDARY BATTERY MARKET SHARE, 2014

        4. 10.3.3 Non-Lead-Acid Secondary Batteries

          $82.00

          1. CHART IX-4 WORLD NON-LEAD-ACID SECONDARY BATTERY MARKET SHARE, 2014

      4. 10.4 Research & Product Development

        $100.00

      5. 10.5 Manufacturing

        $82.00

      6. 10.6 Marketing & Distribution

        $96.00

      7. 10.7 Cooperative Agreements

        $335.00

        1. 10.7.1 Product Development & Manufacturing

          $197.00

          1. Table | SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT & MANUFACTURING

        2. 10.7.2 Supply, Distribution, & Licensing

          $127.00

          1. Table | SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR SUPPLY, DISTRIBUTION, & LICENSING

      8. 10.8 Financial Requirements

        $82.00

      9. 10.9 Acquisitions & Divestitures

        $84.00

        1. Table | SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES

      10. 10.10 Company Profiles

        $5,439.00

        1. 10.10.1 Banner GmbH

          $83.00

        2. 10.10.2 BASF SE

          $82.00

        3. 10.10.3 BYD Company Limited

          $88.00

        4. 10.10.4 C&D Technologies Incorporated

          $89.00

        5. 10.10.5 Coslight Technology International Group Limited

          $180.00

        6. 10.10.6 East Penn Manufacturing Company Incorporated

          $190.00

        7. 10.10.7 Energizer Holdings Incorporated

          $155.00

        8. 10.10.8 EnerSys

          $290.00

        9. 10.10.9 Eveready Industries India Limited

          $82.00

        10. 10.10.10 Exide Industries Limited

          $145.00

        11. 10.10.11 Exide Technologies

          $295.00

        12. 10.10.12 Fengfan Company Limited

          $82.00

        13. 10.10.13 FIAMM SpA

          $82.00

        14. 10.10.14 GP Batteries International Limited

          $183.00

        15. 10.10.15 Greatbatch Incorporated

          $120.00

        16. 10.10.16 Grupo Cegasa

          $82.00

        17. 10.10.17 GS Yuasa Corporation

          $442.00

        18. 10.10.18 Guangzhou Tiger Head Battery Group Company Limited

          $82.00

        19. 10.10.19 Henan Huanyu Group Company Limited

          $82.00

        20. 10.10.20 Hitachi Limited

          $245.00

        21. 10.10.21 Johnson Controls Incorporated

          $281.00

        22. 10.10.22 LG Chem Limited

          $173.00

        23. 10.10.23 Mutlu Akü ve Malzemeleri Sanayii AS

          $82.00

        24. 10.10.24 NEC Corporation

          $106.00

        25. 10.10.25 OM Group Incorporated

          $158.00

        26. 10.10.26 Panasonic Corporation

          $283.00

        27. 10.10.27 Philippine Batteries Incorporated

          $82.00

        28. 10.10.28 Procter & Gamble Company

          $136.00

        29. 10.10.29 Saft Groupe SA

          $264.00

        30. 10.10.30 Samsung SDI Company Limited

          $165.00

        31. 10.10.31 Shenzhen BAK Battery Company Limited

          $82.00

        32. 10.10.32 Shoto Group Company Limited

          $82.00

        33. 10.10.33 Simplo Technology Company Limited

          $82.00

        34. 10.10.34 SK Innovation Company Limited

          $83.00

        35. 10.10.35 Sony Corporation

          $114.00

        36. 10.10.36 Spectrum Brands Holdings Incorporated

          $138.00

        37. 10.10.37 TCL Corporation

          $82.00

        38. 10.10.38 Toshiba Corporation

          $117.00

        39. 10.10.39 Wanxiang Group Corporation

          $167.00

      11. 10.11 Other Companies Mentioned in the Study

        $299.00

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