World Flame Retardants

As Quoted In KI Kunststoff Information

World demand to increase 4.6% annually through 2018

Global demand for flame retardants is projected to expand 4.6 percent per year through 2018 to 2.8 million metric tons, valued at $7.0 billion. Advances will be stimulated by an acceleration in manufacturing output, especially in the US, Japan and Western Europe, as they recover from the recession-impacted 2008-2013 period. In industrializing countries, continued robust economic growth and increasing market penetration for flame retardants, as building codes are more strictly enforced, will fuel sales increases. Rising personal incomes will also contribute to sales of flame retarded plastic products, such as automobiles containing advanced plastics, as well as foamed plastic insula-tion and vinyl flooring in homes.

Asia/Pacific region to register fastest growth

The Asia/Pacific region will post the fastest growth in demand of any area around the world and retain its position as the largest regional market, accounting for more than half of 2018 global flame retardant consumption. China and India will be the most rapidly expanding national markets worldwide, followed by Thailand. Rising urbanization, along with climbing personal incomes in these nations, will stimulate a heightened awareness of fire safety and more strictly enforced building codes. Central and South America and the Africa/Mideast region will also record above average sales increases for flame retardants. North American demand will rise at a faster pace than other developed areas due to a forecast rebound in the US construction market, but will remain below the global average. Flame retardant markets in Western Europe and Japan, while rebounding from 2008-2013 declines, will nevertheless trail the pace of world growth considerably.

Phosphorus-based flame retardants to grow the fastest

Alumina trihydrate (ATH) was the most widely used flame retardant in the world in 2013, accounting for nearly one-third of global consumption, and it is expected to retain its dominance in the product mix through 2018. Phosphorus-based flame retardants, on the other hand, will record the fastest market gains of any major product type. Other flame retardants, such as magnesium hydroxide (MDH) and melamine, will also record above average gains. Halogenated retardants, repre-sented by bromine- and chlorine-based products, are being phased out across the globe due to their perceived environmental and human health risks, creating an opportunity for suppliers of alternative flame retardants to replace them. Nevertheless, the introduction of less hazardous formulations by halogenated retardant suppliers will support gains to a degree.

Construction applications to record strongest gains

Sales of flame retardants used in construction applications will record the strongest growth of any major market through 2018. It will also account for the largest share of the market in that year with 28 percent of the total worldwide. A sizable rebound in US construction spending and rising flame retardant utili-zation rates in developing countries will spur demand. As populations become ever more concentrated in urban centers, it will be of greater importance to strictly enforce building codes to reduce incidences of fire, bolstering flame retardant sales in such products as foamed plastic insulation and vinyl flooring. This will stimulate demand in related markets as well, such as furniture, home electronics, and wire and cable.

Study coverage

This Freedonia industry study, World Flame Retardants, presents historical demand data (2003, 2008, 2013) plus forecasts (2018, 2023) by product, market, world region, and for 18 countries. The study also considers key market environment factors, evaluates company market share and pro-files 35 global players.

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Purchase World Flame Retardants by the Section

  1. World Flame Retardants

    $6,300.00

    1. 1 INTRODUCTION

      $254.00

    2. 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

      $175.00

      1. Table | WORLD FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

    3. 3 MARKET ENVIRONMENT

      $1,921.00

      1. 3.1 General

        $82.00

      2. 3.2 Global Economic Overview

        $297.00

        1. 3.2.1 Recent Historical Trends

          $82.00

        2. 3.2.2 World Economic Outlook

          $192.00

          1. Table | WORLD GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY REGION

      3. 3.3 World Demographic Outlook

        $160.00

        1. Table | WORLD POPULATION BY REGION

      4. 3.4 Building Construction Outlook

        $82.00

        1. Table | WORLD BUILDING CONSTRUCTION EXPENDITURES BY REGION

      5. 3.5 World Manufacturing Overview

        $583.00

        1. Table | WORLD MANUFACTURING VALUE ADDED BY REGION

        2. 3.5.1 World Electronics Outlook

          $98.00

          1. Table | WORLD ELECTRONIC PRODUCT SHIPMENTS BY REGION

        3. 3.5.2 World Motor Vehicle Production Outlook

          $167.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY REGION

        4. 3.5.3 World Wire & Cable Production

          $160.00

          1. CHART II-1 WORLD INSULATED WIRE & CABLE PRODUCTION BY REGION, 2013

      6. 3.6 World Plastics Demand Outlook

        $185.00

        1. Table | WORLD PLASTIC RESIN DEMAND

      7. 3.7 Regulatory Factors

        $580.00

        1. 3.7.1 Environmental & Health Issues

          $286.00

        2. 3.7.2 Building, Fire, &Electrical Codes

          $228.00

        3. 3.7.3 Recycling & Disposal Issues

          $82.00

    4. 4 OVERVIEW

      $3,001.00

      1. 4.1 General

        $132.00

      2. 4.2 Demand by Region

        $141.00

        1. Table | WORLD FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY REGION

      3. 4.3 Demand by Product

        $1,406.00

        1. Table | WORLD FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        2. CHART III-1 WORLD FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT, 2013

        3. 4.3.1 Alumina Trihydrate

          $239.00

          1. Table | WORLD ALUMINA TRIHYDRATE FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY REGION

        4. 4.3.2 Brominated Compounds

          $227.00

          1. Table | WORLD BROMINATED FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY REGION

        5. 4.3.3 Phosphorus Compounds

          $216.00

          1. Table | WORLD PHOSPHORUS FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY REGION

        6. 4.3.4 Antimony Compounds

          $157.00

          1. Table | WORLD ANTIMONY FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY REGION

        7. 4.3.5 Chlorinated Compounds

          $95.00

          1. Table | WORLD CHLORINATED FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY REGION

        8. 4.3.6 Boron Compounds

          $132.00

          1. Table | WORLD BORON FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY REGION

        9. 4.3.7 Other Compounds

          $169.00

          1. Table | WORLD OTHER FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY TYPE & REGION

      4. 4.4 Demand by Market

        $1,189.00

        1. Table | WORLD FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        2. CHART III-2 WORLD FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET, 2013

        3. 4.4.1 Construction

          $258.00

          1. Table | WORLD CONSTRUCTION MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANTS

        4. 4.4.2 Wire & Cable

          $140.00

          1. Table | WORLD WIRE & CABLE MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANTS

        5. 4.4.3 Electrical & Electronics

          $214.00

          1. Table | WORLD ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANTS

        6. 4.4.4 Motor Vehicles

          $160.00

          1. Table | WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANTS

        7. 4.4.5 Textiles

          $186.00

          1. Table | WORLD TEXTILES MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANTS

        8. 4.4.6 Other Markets

          $117.00

          1. Table | OTHER WORLD MARKETS FOR FLAME RETARDANTS

      5. 4.5 Production & Trade

        $133.00

    5. 5 NORTH AMERICA

      $1,068.00

      1. 5.1 North America: Overview

        $99.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICA: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

      2. 5.2 North America: Flame Retardant Demand

        $129.00

        1. Table | NORTH AMERICA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT & MARKET

        2. CHART IV-1 NORTH AMERICA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2013

      3. 5.3 United States

        $316.00

        1. 5.3.1 United States: Overview

          $105.00

          1. Table | UNITED STATES: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 5.3.2 United States: Products

          $82.00

          1. Table | UNITED STATES: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 5.3.3 United States: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | UNITED STATES: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 5.3.4 United States: Suppliers

          $82.00

      4. 5.4 Canada

        $258.00

        1. 5.4.1 Canada: Overview

          $104.00

          1. Table | CANADA: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 5.4.2 Canada: Products

          $86.00

          1. Table | CANADA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 5.4.3 Canada: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | CANADA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 5.4.4 Canada: Suppliers

          $82.00

      5. 5.5 Mexico

        $266.00

        1. 5.5.1 Mexico: Overview

          $114.00

          1. Table | MEXICO: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 5.5.2 Mexico: Products

          $82.00

          1. Table | MEXICO: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 5.5.3 Mexico: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | MEXICO: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 5.5.4 Mexico: Suppliers

          $82.00

    6. 6 WESTERN EUROPE

      $2,290.00

      1. 6.1 Western Europe: Overview

        $127.00

        1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

      2. 6.2 Western Europe: Flame Retardant Demand

        $136.00

        1. Table | WESTERN EUROPE: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT & MARKET

        2. CHART V-1 WESTERN EUROPE: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2013

      3. 6.3 Germany

        $260.00

        1. 6.3.1 Germany: Overview

          $101.00

          1. Table | GERMANY: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 6.3.2 Germany: Products

          $82.00

          1. Table | GERMANY: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.3.3 Germany: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | GERMANY: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 6.3.4 Germany: Suppliers

          $82.00

      4. 6.4 Italy

        $261.00

        1. 6.4.1 Italy: Overview

          $110.00

          1. Table | ITALY: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 6.4.2 Italy: Products

          $82.00

          1. Table | ITALY: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.4.3 Italy: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | ITALY: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 6.4.4 Italy: Suppliers

          $82.00

      5. 6.5 France

        $244.00

        1. 6.5.1 France: Overview

          $94.00

          1. Table | FRANCE: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 6.5.2 France: Products

          $82.00

          1. Table | FRANCE: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.5.3 France: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | FRANCE: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 6.5.4 France: Suppliers

          $82.00

      6. 6.6 United Kingdom

        $265.00

        1. 6.6.1 United Kingdom: Overview

          $92.00

          1. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 6.6.2 United Kingdom: Products

          $82.00

          1. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.6.3 United Kingdom: Markets

          $85.00

          1. Table | UNITED KINGDOM: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 6.6.4 United Kingdom: Suppliers

          $82.00

      7. 6.7 Spain

        $260.00

        1. 6.7.1 Spain: Overview

          $111.00

          1. Table | SPAIN: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 6.7.2 Spain: Products

          $82.00

          1. Table | SPAIN: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.7.3 Spain: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | SPAIN: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 6.7.4 Spain: Suppliers

          $82.00

      8. 6.8 Netherlands

        $245.00

        1. 6.8.1 Netherlands: Overview

          $101.00

          1. Table | NETHERLANDS: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 6.8.2 Netherlands: Products

          $82.00

          1. Table | NETHERLANDS: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.8.3 Netherlands: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | NETHERLANDS: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 6.8.4 Netherlands: Suppliers

          $82.00

      9. 6.9 Belgium

        $235.00

        1. 6.9.1 Belgium: Overview

          $100.00

          1. Table | BELGIUM: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 6.9.2 Belgium: Products

          $82.00

          1. Table | BELGIUM: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.9.3 Belgium: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | BELGIUM: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 6.9.4 Belgium: Suppliers

          $82.00

      10. 6.10 Other Western Europe

        $257.00

        1. 6.10.1 Other Western Europe: Overview

          $106.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 6.10.2 Other Western Europe: Products

          $82.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 6.10.3 Other Western Europe: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 6.10.4 Other Western Europe: Suppliers

          $82.00

    7. 7 ASIA/PACIFIC

      $2,399.00

      1. 7.1 Asia/Pacific: Overview

        $116.00

        1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

      2. 7.2 Asia/Pacific: Flame Retardant Demand

        $142.00

        1. Table | ASIA/PACIFIC: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT & MARKET

        2. CHART VI-1 ASIA/PACIFIC: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2013

      3. 7.3 China

        $415.00

        1. 7.3.1 China: Overview

          $127.00

          1. Table | CHINA: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 7.3.2 China: Products

          $124.00

          1. Table | CHINA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.3.3 China: Markets

          $96.00

          1. Table | CHINA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 7.3.4 China: Suppliers

          $82.00

      4. 7.4 Japan

        $311.00

        1. 7.4.1 Japan: Overview

          $112.00

          1. Table | JAPAN: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 7.4.2 Japan: Products

          $84.00

          1. Table | JAPAN: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.4.3 Japan: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | JAPAN: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 7.4.4 Japan: Suppliers

          $82.00

      5. 7.5 South Korea

        $291.00

        1. 7.5.1 South Korea: Overview

          $108.00

          1. Table | SOUTH KOREA: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 7.5.2 South Korea: Products

          $89.00

          1. Table | SOUTH KOREA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.5.3 South Korea: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | SOUTH KOREA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 7.5.4 South Korea: Suppliers

          $82.00

      6. 7.6 India

        $287.00

        1. 7.6.1 India: Overview

          $122.00

          1. Table | INDIA: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 7.6.2 India: Products

          $89.00

          1. Table | INDIA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.6.3 India: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | INDIA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 7.6.4 India: Suppliers

          $82.00

      7. 7.7 Taiwan

        $301.00

        1. 7.7.1 Taiwan: Overview

          $115.00

          1. Table | TAIWAN: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 7.7.2 Taiwan: Products

          $96.00

          1. Table | TAIWAN: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.7.3 Taiwan: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | TAIWAN: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 7.7.4 Taiwan: Suppliers

          $82.00

      8. 7.8 Thailand

        $234.00

        1. 7.8.1 Thailand: Overview

          $106.00

          1. Table | THAILAND: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 7.8.2 Thailand: Products

          $82.00

          1. Table | THAILAND: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.8.3 Thailand: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | THAILAND: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 7.8.4 Thailand: Suppliers

          $82.00

      9. 7.9 Other Asia/Pacific

        $301.00

        1. 7.9.1 Other Asia/Pacific: Overview

          $110.00

          1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 7.9.2 Other Asia/Pacific: Products

          $93.00

          1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 7.9.3 Other Asia/Pacific: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 7.9.4 Other Asia/Pacific: Suppliers

          $82.00

    8. 8 OTHER REGIONS

      $1,834.00

      1. 8.1 Central & South America

        $753.00

        1. 8.1.1 Central & South America: Overview

          $114.00

          1. Table | CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 8.1.2 Central & South America: Flame Retardant Demand

          $82.00

          1. Table | CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT & MARKET

        3. 8.1.3 Brazil

          $287.00

          1. Table | BRAZIL: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

          2. Table | BRAZIL: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          3. Table | BRAZIL: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 8.1.4 Other Central & South America

          $278.00

          1. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

          2. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          3. Table | OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

      2. 8.2 Eastern Europe

        $747.00

        1. 8.2.1 Eastern Europe: Overview

          $110.00

          1. Table | EASTERN EUROPE: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 8.2.2 Eastern Europe: Flame Retardant Demand

          $95.00

          1. Table | EASTERN EUROPE: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT & MARKET

        3. 8.2.3 Russia

          $273.00

          1. Table | RUSSIA: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

          2. Table | RUSSIA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          3. Table | RUSSIA: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 8.2.4 Other Eastern Europe

          $270.00

          1. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

          2. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

          3. Table | OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

      3. 8.3 Africa/Mideast

        $334.00

        1. 8.3.1 Africa/Mideast: Overview

          $116.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: KEY INDICATORS FOR FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND

        2. 8.3.2 Africa/Mideast: Products

          $96.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY PRODUCT

        3. 8.3.3 Africa/Mideast: Markets

          $82.00

          1. Table | AFRICA/MIDEAST: FLAME RETARDANT DEMAND BY MARKET

        4. 8.3.4 Africa/Mideast: Suppliers

          $82.00

    9. 9 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

      $4,717.00

      1. 9.1 General

        $95.00

        1. Table | FLAME RETARDANT SALES BY COMPANY, 2013

      2. 9.2 Market Share

        $236.00

        1. CHART VIII-1 WORLD FLAME RETARDANT MARKET SHARE, 2013

      3. 9.3 Industry Restructuring

        $93.00

        1. Table | SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES

      4. 9.4 Competitive Strategies

        $356.00

        1. 9.4.1 Product Differentiation & Market Segmentation

          $82.00

        2. 9.4.2 Research & Development

          $82.00

        3. 9.4.3 Cooperative Agreements

          $164.00

          1. Table | SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS

      5. 9.5 Marketing & Distribution

        $101.00

      6. 9.6 Company Profiles

        $3,808.00

        1. 9.6.1 Akzo Nobel NV

          $128.00

        2. 9.6.2 Albemarle Corporation

          $248.00

        3. 9.6.3 Almatis GmbH

          $106.00

        4. 9.6.4 Alteo Holding

          $82.00

        5. 9.6.5 BASF SE

          $101.00

        6. 9.6.6 Borealis AG

          $82.00

        7. 9.6.7 Campine NV

          $82.00

        8. 9.6.8 Chemtura Corporation

          $285.00

        9. 9.6.9 China Minmetals Corporation

          $117.00

        10. 9.6.10 Clariant International Limited

          $148.00

        11. 9.6.11 Cytec Industries Incorporated

          $82.00

        12. 9.6.12 Daihachi Chemical Industry Company

          $107.00

        13. 9.6.13 Eti Maden Ýþ letmeleri Genel Müdürlüð ü

          $82.00

        14. 9.6.14 Glencore plc

          $84.00

        15. 9.6.15 Huber (JM) Corporation

          $126.00

        16. 9.6.16 ICC Industries Incorporated

          $92.00

        17. 9.6.17 Israel Chemicals Limited

          $294.00

        18. 9.6.18 Jiangsu Yoke Technology Company Limited

          $82.00

        19. 9.6.19 Jiangyin Suli Chemical Company Limited

          $82.00

        20. 9.6.20 LANXESS AG

          $128.00

        21. 9.6.21 Manac Incorporated

          $82.00

        22. 9.6.22 Martin Marietta Materials Incorporated

          $98.00

        23. 9.6.23 Nabaltec AG

          $124.00

        24. 9.6.24 Nippon Carbide Industries Company Incorporated

          $82.00

        25. 9.6.25 Occidental Petroleum Corporation

          $122.00

        26. 9.6.26 Oetker (Dr. August) KG

          $105.00

        27. 9.6.27 Rio Tinto Group

          $135.00

        28. 9.6.28 SCR-Sibelco NV

          $93.00

        29. 9.6.29 Shandong Brother Science & Technology Company Limited

          $82.00

        30. 9.6.30 Shandong Haiwang Chemical Company Limited

          $82.00

        31. 9.6.31 Shanghai Chlor-Alkali Chemical Company Limited

          $82.00

        32. 9.6.32 Showa Denko KK

          $110.00

        33. 9.6.33 Solaris ChemTech Industries Limited

          $82.00

        34. 9.6.34 Suzuhiro Chemical Company Limited

          $82.00

        35. 9.6.35 Teknor Apex Company

          $117.00

        36. 9.6.36 Tosoh Corporation

          $107.00

      7. 9.7 Other Companies Mentioned in the Study

        $82.00

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