Well Stimulation Materials

Growth will be driven by high oil prices, rebounding natural gas prices, and newer technologies (e.g., horizontal drilling; high-volume, multistage fracturing) that use more materials per well.

US demand to rise 10.6% annually through 2018

Demand for well stimulation materials in the US is forecast to climb more than 10 percent annually to $15.2 billion in 2018. Historically high oil prices and rebounding natural gas prices are expected to be the main factors promoting continuing growth in well completion activity. In addition, the use of newer technologies such as horizontal drilling and high-volume, multistage hydraulic fracturing will increase the amount of materials used per well. The development of unconventional resources is expected to continue unabated, resulting in further stimulus to product demand. Proppants will remain the highest volume material used in well stimulation, although demand for chemicals will be boosted by an emphasis on higher-value, more environmentally friendly formulations.

Resin-coated sand to be fastest growing proppant

Proppants are by far the highest volume product type and also account for more than half of the market in dollar terms. Although raw sand dominates the market in terms of volume sales, value-added coated sand and ceramic proppants each account for a greater share of dollar demand. Resin-coated sand proppants are expected to register the fastest growth as proppant loads continue to expand and operators develop formations with higher closure pressures. Gelling agents account for the highest dollar sales of stimulation chemicals and are expected to do so over the forecast period. However, due to a price correction for guar gum, sales of gelling agents are projected to be lower in 2018 than they were in 2013.

Hybrid system to be fastest growing fluid

Concerns about the effects of hydraulic fracturing on local water supplies have led to calls for restrictions (if not outright bans) on the practice. As a result, well stimulation material suppliers have focused on developing green chemicals that have a reduced impact on the environment. The use of slickwater fracturing fluids, which have become more prevalent over the past decade, has helped reduce chemical loadings and lowered costs, but as proppant loads have grown, pure slickwater fracturing techniques have become less effective. In response, companies have started to use hybrid fracturing treatments. Hybrid formulations can reduce water use and also cause less formation damage than jobs using polymer gelling agents alone. Moving forward, hybrid systems are expected to see the fastest growth, although the industry continues to look for new formulations that reduce water usage while increasing well productivity.

Study coverage

This study analyzes the $9.2 billion US well stimulation material industry. It presents historical demand data for 2003, 2008 and 2013, and forecasts for 2018 and 2023 by product (e.g., proppants, base fluid materials, fluid additives) and regional market (Southern, Midwestern, Eastern, Western).

The study also considers market environment factors, reviews technology, evaluates company market shares and profiles 56 industry players, including Fairmount Minerals, CARBO Ceramics and Momentive Specialty Chemicals.

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  1. Well Stimulation Materials

    $5,300.00

    1. 1 INTRODUCTION

      $152.00

    2. 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

      $140.00

      1. Table | WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND

    3. 3 MARKET ENVIRONMENT

      $1,927.00

      1. 3.1 General

        $112.00

      2. 3.2 Macroeconomic Environment

        $216.00

        1. Table | MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS

      3. 3.3 Petroleum & Natural Gas Overview

        $764.00

        1. Table | PETROLEUM & NATURAL GAS SUPPLY & DEMAND

        2. 3.3.1 Petroleum Outlook

          $317.00

          1. Table | PETROLEUM SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. CHART II-1 US PETROLEUM CONSUMPTION, 2003-2013

          3. CHART II-2 CRUDE OIL PRICES, 2003-2013

          4. Table | PETROLEUM PRODUCTION & PRODUCING WELLS

          5. CHART II-3 US PETROLEUM PRODUCTION, 2003-2013

          6. CHART II-4 PETROLEUM WELL COMPLETIONS, 2003-2013

        3. 3.3.2 Natural Gas Outlook

          $312.00

          1. Table | NATURAL GAS SUPPLY & DEMAND

          2. CHART II-5 US NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION, 2003-2013

          3. CHART II-6 NATURAL GAS PRICES, 2003-2013

          4. Table | NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION & PRODUCING WELLS

          5. CHART II-7 US NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, 2003-2013

          6. CHART II-8 NATURAL GAS PRODUCING STATES, 2013

          7. CHART II-9 NATURAL GAS WELL COMPLETIONS, 2003-2013

      4. 3.4 Producing Well Overview

        $101.00

        1. Table | PRODUCING WELLS BY TYPE & FORMATION

      5. 3.5 Well Completion Overview

        $110.00

        1. Table | WELL COMPLETIONS BY TYPE & FORMATION

      6. 3.6 Market Volatility

        $99.00

        1. Table | WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL MARKET, 2003-2013

        2. CHART II-10 WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL MARKET, 2003-2013

      7. 3.7 Stimulation Material Pricing & Product Mix

        $126.00

        1. Table | PRICES FOR SELECTED WELL STIMULATION MATERIALS

      8. 3.8 Environmental & Regulatory Considerations

        $313.00

        1. 3.8.1 Federal

          $181.00

        2. 3.8.2 State & Local

          $100.00

      9. 3.9 International Environment

        $86.00

        1. CHART II-11 WORLD WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND, 2013

    4. 4 TECHNOLOGY

      $1,655.00

      1. 4.1 General

        $122.00

      2. 4.2 Well Drilling Processes

        $193.00

        1. 4.2.1 Horizontal Drilling

          $110.00

          1. CHART III-1 DRILLING RIGS BY TYPE, 2003-2013

        2. 4.2.2 Multilateral Drilling

          $82.00

      3. 4.3 Well Completion Processes

        $82.00

      4. 4.4 Well Stimulation Processes

        $494.00

        1. 4.4.1 Hydraulic Fracturing

          $243.00

        2. 4.4.2 Acidizing

          $128.00

        3. 4.4.3 Other Well Stimulation Technologies

          $82.00

      5. 4.5 Fracturing Fluids

        $724.00

        1. 4.5.1 Crosslinked Gel

          $102.00

        2. 4.5.2 Linear Gel

          $119.00

        3. 4.5.3 Slickwater

          $121.00

        4. 4.5.4 Hybrid System

          $112.00

        5. 4.5.5 Gas-Based Fluids

          $112.00

        6. 4.5.6 Other Fracturing Fluids

          $98.00

      6. 4.6 Acidizing Fluids

        $82.00

    5. 5 PRODUCTS

      $2,199.00

      1. 5.1 General

        $82.00

        1. Table | WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

        2. CHART IV-1 WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE, 2013

      2. 5.2 Proppants

        $625.00

        1. Table | PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

        2. CHART IV-2 PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE, 2013

        3. 5.2.1 Sand

          $332.00

          1. Table | SAND PROPPANT DEMAND BY TYPE

          2. Table | COATED SAND PROPPANT DEMAND

          3. Table | RAW SAND PROPPANT DEMAND

        4. 5.2.2 Ceramic

          $107.00

          1. Table | CERAMIC PROPPANT DEMAND

        5. 5.2.3 Other Proppants

          $82.00

          1. Table | OTHER PROPPANT DEMAND

      3. 5.3 Base Fluid Materials

        $1,066.00

        1. Table | BASE FLUID MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

        2. CHART IV-3 BASE FLUID MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE, 2013

        3. 5.3.1 Polymer Gelling Agents

          $228.00

          1. Table | POLYMER GELLING AGENT DEMAND BY TYPE

          2. Table | GUAR GUM GELLING AGENT DEMAND

          3. Table | OTHER POLYMER GELLING AGENT DEMAND BY TYPE

        4. 5.3.2 Acids

          $106.00

          1. Table | ACID DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        5. 5.3.3 Industrial Gases

          $151.00

          1. Table | INDUSTRIAL GASES DEMAND BY TYPE

        6. 5.3.4 Surfactants

          $114.00

          1. Table | SURFACTANT DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        7. 5.3.5 Friction Reducers

          $88.00

          1. Table | FRICTION REDUCER DEMAND

        8. 5.3.6 Crosslinking Agents

          $93.00

          1. Table | CROSSLINKING AGENT DEMAND

        9. 5.3.7 Breakers

          $137.00

          1. Table | BREAKER DEMAND

        10. 5.3.8 Other Base Fluid Materials

          $82.00

          1. Table | OTHER BASE FLUID MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

      4. 5.4 Fluid Additives

        $334.00

        1. Table | FLUID ADDITIVE DEMAND BY TYPE

        2. CHART IV-4 FLUID ADDITIVE DEMAND BY TYPE, 2013

        3. 5.4.1 Biocides

          $82.00

          1. Table | BIOCIDE DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        4. 5.4.2 Corrosion & Scale Inhibitors

          $82.00

          1. Table | CORROSION & SCALE INHIBITOR DEMAND IN WELL STIMULATION

        5. 5.4.3 Other Fluid Additives

          $113.00

          1. Table | OTHER FLUID ADDITIVE DEMAND BY TYPE

      5. 5.5 Other Well Stimulation Materials

        $107.00

        1. Table | OTHER WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND

    6. 6 REGIONS

      $2,625.00

      1. 6.1 General

        $376.00

        1. Table | OIL & GAS PRODUCING STATES BY REGION

        2. 6.1.1 Producing Wells

          $91.00

          1. Table | PRODUCING WELLS BY REGION

          2. CHART V-1 PRODUCING WELLS BY REGION, 2013

        3. 6.1.2 Wells Completed

          $82.00

          1. Table | WELLS COMPLETED BY REGION

          2. CHART V-2 WELLS COMPLETED BY REGION, 2013

        4. 6.1.3 Well Stimulation Material Regional Demand

          $82.00

          1. Table | WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY REGION

          2. CHART V-3 WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY REGION, 2013

      2. 6.2 Southern Region

        $700.00

        1. 6.2.1 Oil & Gas Well Overview

          $146.00

          1. Table | SOUTHERN REGION: PRODUCING WELLS BY TYPE, FORMATION, & STATE

          2. Table | SOUTHERN REGION:WELLS COMPLETED BY TYPE, FORMATION, & STATE

        2. 6.2.2 Well Stimulation Material Demand

          $534.00

          1. Table | SOUTHERN REGION: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE & STATE

          2. CHART V-4 SOUTHERN REGION: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY STATE, 2013

          3. Table | TEXAS: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

          4. Table | LOUISIANA: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

          5. Table | ARKANSAS: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

          6. Table | OTHER SOUTHERN STATES: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

      3. 6.3 Midwestern Region

        $602.00

        1. 6.3.1 Oil & Gas Well Overview

          $165.00

          1. Table | MIDWESTERN REGION: PRODUCING WELLS BY TYPE, FORMATION, & STATE

          2. Table | MIDWESTERN REGION: WELLS COMPLETED BY TYPE, FORMATION, & STATE

        2. 6.3.2 Well Stimulation Material Demand

          $415.00

          1. Table | MIDWESTERN REGION: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE & STATE

          2. CHART V-5 MIDWESTERN REGION: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY STATE, 2013

          3. Table | NORTH DAKOTA: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

          4. Table | OKLAHOMA: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

          5. Table | OHIO: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

          6. Table | OTHER MIDWESTERN STATES: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

      4. 6.4 Eastern Region

        $395.00

        1. 6.4.1 Oil & Gas Well Overview

          $130.00

          1. Table | EASTERN REGION: PRODUCING WELLS BY TYPE, FORMATION, & STATE

          2. Table | EASTERN REGION: WELLS COMPLETED BY TYPE, FORMATION, & STATE

        2. 6.4.2 Well Stimulation Material Demand

          $248.00

          1. Table | EASTERN REGION: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE & STATE

          2. CHART V-6 EASTERN REGION: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY STATE, 2013

          3. Table | PENNSYLVANIA: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

          4. Table | WEST VIRGINIA: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

          5. Table | OTHER EASTERN STATES: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND

      5. 6.5 Western Region

        $552.00

        1. 6.5.1 Oil & Gas Well Overview

          $182.00

          1. Table | WESTERN REGION: PRODUCING WELLS BY TYPE, FORMATION, & STATE

          2. Table | WESTERN REGION: COMPLETED WELLS BY TYPE, FORMATION, & STATE

        2. 6.5.2 Well Stimulation Material Demand

          $342.00

          1. Table | WESTERN REGION: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE & STATE

          2. CHART V-7 WESTERN REGION: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY STATE, 2013

          3. Table | COLORADO: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

          4. Table | WYOMING: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

          5. Table | OTHER WESTERN AREAS: WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL DEMAND BY TYPE

    7. 7 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

      $5,333.00

      1. 7.1 General

        $137.00

        1. Table | US WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL SALES BY COMPANY, 2013

      2. 7.2 Market Share

        $490.00

        1. CHART VI-1 US WELL STIMULATION MATERIAL MARKET SHARE, 2013

        2. 7.2.1 Proppants

          $264.00

          1. CHART VI-2 PROPPANT MARKET SHARE, 2013

        3. 7.2.2 Chemicals & Gases Market Share

          $193.00

          1. CHART VI-3 WELL STIMULATION CHEMICALS & GASES MARKET SHARE, 2013

      3. 7.3 Marketing & Distribution

        $136.00

      4. 7.4 Cooperative Agreements

        $112.00

        1. Table | SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS

      5. 7.5 Acquisitions & Divestitures

        $158.00

        1. Table | SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES

      6. 7.6 Research & Development

        $113.00

      7. 7.7 Company Profiles

        $4,882.00

        1. 7.7.1 Air Liquide Group

          $82.00

        2. 7.7.2 Air Products and Chemicals Incorporated

          $95.00

        3. 7.7.3 Akzo Nobel NV

          $87.00

        4. 7.7.4 Albemarle Corporation

          $82.00

        5. 7.7.5 Ashland Incorporated

          $82.00

        6. 7.7.6 Badger Mining Corporation

          $82.00

        7. 7.7.7 Baker Hughes Incorporated

          $115.00

        8. 7.7.8 BASF SE

          $127.00

        9. 7.7.9 Berkshire Hathaway Incorporated

          $82.00

        10. 7.7.10 Cadre Material Products LLC

          $82.00

        11. 7.7.11 CARBO Ceramics Incorporated

          $235.00

        12. 7.7.12 Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LLC

          $82.00

        13. 7.7.13 Clariant International Limited

          $82.00

        14. 7.7.14 Dorf Ketal Chemicals India Private Limited

          $82.00

        15. 7.7.15 Dow Chemical Company

          $188.00

        16. 7.7.16 DuPont (EI) de Nemours

          $82.00

        17. 7.7.17 Ecolab Incorporated

          $186.00

        18. 7.7.18 Economy Polymers & Chemicals

          $82.00

        19. 7.7.19 Elementis plc

          $82.00

        20. 7.7.20 Erna Frac Sand LC

          $82.00

        21. 7.7.21 Fairmount Minerals Limited

          $168.00

        22. 7.7.22 Ferus Incorporated

          $82.00

        23. 7.7.23 flexFrac Proppant Sand Suppliers LLC

          $82.00

        24. 7.7.24 FMC Corporation

          $82.00

        25. 7.7.25 Fores Limited

          $82.00

        26. 7.7.26 FTS International Services LLC

          $117.00

        27. 7.7.27 Halliburton Company

          $204.00

        28. 7.7.28 Hi-Crush Partners LP

          $101.00

        29. 7.7.29 Imerys SA

          $82.00

        30. 7.7.30 Kemira Oyj

          $82.00

        31. 7.7.31 Kinder Morgan Energy Partners LP

          $166.00

        32. 7.7.32 Koch Industries Incorporated

          $95.00

        33. 7.7.33 Linde Group

          $82.00

        34. 7.7.34 Lonza Group Limited

          $82.00

        35. 7.7.35 Messina Incorporated

          $82.00

        36. 7.7.36 Mineraçao Curimbaba Limitada

          $82.00

        37. 7.7.37 Momentive Performance Materials Holdings LLC

          $172.00

        38. 7.7.38 Nexeo Solutions Holdings LLC

          $82.00

        39. 7.7.39 Oxane Materials Incorporated

          $82.00

        40. 7.7.40 Pattison Sand Company LLC

          $82.00

        41. 7.7.41 PeroxyChem LLC

          $82.00

        42. 7.7.42 PfP Industries LLC

          $82.00

        43. 7.7.43 Pioneer Natural Resources Company

          $82.00

        44. 7.7.44 Praxair Incorporated

          $96.00

        45. 7.7.45 Preferred Sands LLC

          $116.00

        46. 7.7.46 Rio Tinto Group

          $82.00

        47. 7.7.47 Roemex Limited

          $82.00

        48. 7.7.48 Saint-Gobain

          $105.00

        49. 7.7.49 Schlumberger Limited

          $146.00

        50. 7.7.50 SCR-Sibelco NV

          $82.00

        51. 7.7.51 Sierra Frac Sand LLC

          $82.00

        52. 7.7.52 Solvay SA

          $106.00

        53. 7.7.53 Superior Silica Sands LLC

          $82.00

        54. 7.7.54 Texas Silica LLC

          $82.00

        55. 7.7.55 US Silica Holdings Incorporated

          $116.00

        56. 7.7.56 Weatherford International Limited

          $109.00

      8. 7.8 Other Companies Mentioned in Study

        $130.00

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